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Stephen Benedict Dyson

5 September 11 and the ‘war on terror’ Tony Blair’s response to the September 11 2001 attacks was one of unequivocal support for the United States, a framing of the situation in stark terms of good and evil, and elucidation of an ambitiously proactive foreign policy programme to prevent the re-occurrence of attacks of such magnitude. It was therefore quite consistent with the policy style rooted in Blair’s personality traits that had crystallized during the Kosovo war. The period following September 11 saw the prime minister, with his foreign policy approach set

in The Blair identity
A genealogy
Christopher Baker-Beall

member-state cooperation on foreign policy matters, European Political Cooperation (EPC), the chapter also considers the relationship between the terrorism discourse and EC/EU external security policy. The second half of the chapter explores the (re)emergence of the EU’s ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse following the events of 11 September 2001 and its subsequent evolution across three periods: the post-September 11 period, the post-Madrid period and the post-Breivik period. The purpose for this is threefold. First, to identify the ‘key texts’ that ‘are frequently

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
From Afghanistan to Iraq
Kerry Longhurst

. However, in the light of events between 2001 and 2003 such conclusions appeared to be somewhat premature and the extent of the new security policy consensus exaggerated. Certainly, Schröder’s declared ‘unconditional solidarity’ with the United States in the immediate wake of September 11 2001 and the subsequent deployment of Bundeswehr soldiers to Afghanistan in the context of Operation Enduring Freedom were firm expressions of Germany’s commitment to having a role in international security and accepting the utility of armed force. However, the subsequent transatlantic

in Germany and the use of force
Current policy options and issues
Jenny H. Peterson

potentially be adapted to target war economies. Specifically, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Interpol, Europol and the intelligence agencies of many countries currently track, investigate and help bring to prosecution actors involved in the illegal (and transnational) facets of war economies. The World Customs Organization (WCO) is also working to increase its ability to monitor and harmonise cross-border trade systems, a task that has been given increased support since the September 11th attacks (Winer, 2005). Courts in countries outside the immediate zones of

in Building a peace economy?
David Brown

Counter-terrorism has emerged from the shadows of the EU’s Third Pillar, propelled into the limelight by the events of September 11 and maintained by terrorist incidents in Spain and the UK. In the same period, the organisation’s most extensive enlargement, to embrace the eight CEE states, Malta and Cyprus, was undertaken. In fact, the two processes – widening the EU

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Michael Mulqueen

). The dates in question are between September 11 and approximately October 3 2001. On the afternoon of September 11 the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, and the Tánaiste, Mary Harney, convened a meeting of the ‘heads of the security services of key government departments’. Shortly afterwards they reconvened the dormant National Security Committee to review existing policy and bring forward

in Re-evaluating Irish national security policy
Tracey C. German

conducted there, such as the establishment of a financial base, drafting an effective budget and creating effective authorities. 30 The impact of September 11 The terrorist attacks against the US on September 11 had a significant impact on Russia’s relations with both the EU and the wider international community. The Kremlin has constantly justified its second military

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
European Union policy in South-east Europe
Anthony Welch

evident in Kosovo, which will be used to illustrate the problems in resolving these issues. Under the two administrations of George W. Bush, and in the aftermath of September 11, US policy priorities have shifted from the Balkans towards the Middle East and the ‘War on Terror’. Thus, the EU, already a large contributor to the region, has now assumed the primary position in funding and managing

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Legislation, agencies and the implementation gap
David Brown

This chapter examines the legislative output of the European Union in terms of the Third Pillar and in relation to key legislative and agency developments in counter-terrorism and police co-operation. It considers the developing implementation gap which could undermine the European Union's claims to credibly ‘add value’ and evaluates the contribution of agencies such as Europol and Eurojust in counter-terrorism efforts. This chapter suggests that in comparison to the remainder of the Third Pillar's matters of common interest, counter-terrorism seems very much the poor relation both in terms of the quantity and quality of instruments used and the initial pre-September 11 plans for future development.

in The European Union, counter terrorism and police co-operation, 1992–2007

This substantially updated and revised edition offers a comprehensive overview of the challenges confronting the political system as well as the international politics of the European Union. It draws from a spectrum of regional integration theories to determine what the Union actually is and how it is developing, examining the constitutional politics of the European Union, from the Single European Act to the Treaty of Nice and beyond. The ongoing debate on the future of Europe links together the questions of democracy and legitimacy, competences and rights, and the prospects for European polity-building. The aim is to contribute to a better understanding of the emerging European polity and the questions that further treaty reform generates for the future of the regional system. The authors also assess the evolving European security architecture; the limits and possibilities of a genuine European foreign, security and defence policy; and the role of the EU in the post-Cold War international system. Common themes involve debates about stability and instability, continuity and change, multipolarity and leadership, co-operation and discord, power capabilities and patterns of behaviour. The book traces the defining features of the ‘new order’ in Europe and incorporates an analysis of the post-September 11th context.