This book is the first full-length study of the 1947 drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab. It uses the Radcliffe commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe , as a window onto the decolonisation and independence of India and Pakistan. Examining the competing interests that influenced the actions of the various major players, the book highlights British efforts to maintain a grip on India even as the decolonisation process spun out of control. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. With conflict between Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs reaching unprecedented levels in the mid-1940s , British leaders felt compelled to move towards decolonization. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Radcliffe's use of administrative boundaries reinforced the impact of imperial rule. The boundaries that Radcliffe defined turned out to be restless divisions, and in both the 1965 and 1971 wars India and Pakistan battled over their Punjabi border. After the final boundary, known as the 'Radcliffe award', was announced, all sides complained that Radcliffe had not taken the right 'other factors' into account. Radcliffe's loyalty to British interests is key to understanding his work in 1947. Drawing on extensive archival research in India, Pakistan and Britain, combined with innovative use of cartographic sources, the book paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the Radcliffe line's impact on Punjab.
country and it is up to you to decide what to do with it. 10 This passage lays out key elements of the British Government’s plan. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Although Mountbatten acknowledged key flaws, such as a failure to cushion partition’s blow for the Sikhs, he
solidarity. October saw the formation of ATTAC (the Association for the Taxation of Financial Transactions for the Aid of Citizens), an organisation that adopted James Tobin’s proposal for a small tax on international currency transactions. ATTAC subsequently organised chapters in 33 countries (Starr, 2005). During 1999, PGA initiated an ‘Intercontinental Caravan of Solidarity and Resistance’ across Europe, consisting of 450 members, mostly peasant farmers from South Asia, undertaking 63 direct actions, including the destruction of biotech seed and crops. In June, the