values, as well as individuals who have done well in various fields. In reality,
Indians living abroad often have hyphenated or hybrid identities, such as BritishAsian or Indian-American. Moreover, the emphasis on cultural differences can be
divisive and even promote racism inadvertently.The present author’s research on
SouthAsianwomen and multiculturalism in Britain in the 1990s revealed many
problems that immigrants faced, and also the fuzziness surrounding the concept
(Dutt, 1996). Kazancigil writes that multiculturalism is a democratic policy
’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies , 42:12 (2016), 2078–2083.
10 O. Scharbrodt, ‘Shaping the public image of Islam: the Shiis of Ireland as “moderate” Muslims’, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs , 31:4 (2011), 518–533; T. Abbas, ‘The impact of religio-cultural norms and values on the education of young SouthAsianwomen’, British Journal of Sociology of Education , 24:4 (2003), 411–428.
11 A. Portes and R. Rumbaut, Immigrant America: A Portrait (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2nd edn, 1996), pp