a subculture of drunks, but, oddly enough, does not attain his visions as a
drunk’. Taylor, ‘Ironweed, alcohol, and Celtic heroism’, p. 112.
30 Kennedy, Ironweed, p. 228.
31 Yetman picks up on his inconsistent behaviour: ‘Actually, Francis’s behavior
is various and contradictory throughout. He is, willy-nilly, and often in odd
combinations, bellicose, compliant, wooden, courtly, principled, wily, magnanimous with those less well-off than himself, or self-preoccupied and
therefore quite indifferent to the plight of others’. Yetman, ‘Ironweed: the