1,700 national employees. At headquarters they had fourteen desk managers to oversee
thesixty-five projects. In addition, I was unclear about my role. I had practically no support, though the
scope of my job was enormous, from strengthening the overall security framework to
providing operational support at one of multiple field projects. What was expected
of me? Technical support? Context analysis? Alerts? Operational, strategic and
decision-making advice? Or simply reviewing the
Herrick Library (MHL), Beverly Hills, CA, US; Abby Mann, ‘Judgment at Nuremberg’, 1961, Stanley Kramer Papers, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, US.
19 T. Gitlin, TheSixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage (New York: Bantam Books, 1993); T. Windt , Presidents and Protesters: Political Rhetoric in the 1960s ( Tuscaloosa : University of Alabama , 1990 ); R. Lieberman , Prairie Power: Voices of 1960s Midwestern Student Protest ( Columbia : University of Missouri Press , 2004 ), p. 71 ; S. Stern , With the Weathermen: The Personal Journal of a Revolutionary Woman
(New York: Algora, 2005); A. Hochschild, King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed,
Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,
1999); C. Hoskyns, The Congo Since Independence, January 1960-December 1961
(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965); E.W. Lefever, Crisis in the Congo, a United
Nations Force in Action (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute, 1965); E.W.
Lefever, ‘The U.N. as a foreign policy instrument: the Congo crisis’, in R. Hilsman and
R.C. Good (eds), Foreign Policy in theSixties: The Issues and the Instruments
: Americanization of Yugoslav Culture in theSixties (Budapest; New York: Central European University Press, 2017 ). Even if Coca-Cola Socialism represents an extraordinary contribution to the history of American influences in Yugoslavia, the book oversimplifies the ‘Americanization’ of Yugoslav society in the 1960s by including in this term various modernization inputs from the United States, Italy, Great Britain, and France.
12 ‘Public Diplomacy,’ Dictionary of International Relations Terms (Department of State Library, 1987).
13 Nicholas J. Cull, ‘Public
in economic damage.
DAI also funded training on the use of the media, which contributed to an opposition psych-op campaign during the lockout. The private media, abandoning regular broadcasting, devoted all its airtime to covering the lockout. It also pumped out, free of charge, 700 pro-lockout infomercials daily during thesixty-four-day stoppage. 60 The next attempt at overthrowing the Chávez government was led by the NED-funded organisation Súmate. This organisation was at the forefront of the 2004 recall referendum against Chávez
organization, which is a terrorist group, and its members, who are entitled to protection. Would the same happen with an ETA or an IRA member, asks the Hurriyet ? 50
All this pushes Turkey further away from Europe, towards introversion and inwardness, if not national and religious radicalism. Other options that harbor danger to Turkey’s Westernization and declared secularism, are the resumption of too close contacts with the Central Asian republics, or with thesixty or so countries-strong Muslim world. These alternatives are injurious to Turkey, as
was sent to Thessaloniki and Athens aboard Mustapha Kemal’s personal railway car. A Turkish Friendship Train carrying rail workers, journalists and emergency personnel, and whose purpose was to bolster the new and positive discourse between the two countries’ media, arrived in Thessaloniki just as the Turkish Consulate there was marking thesixty-first anniversary of Kemal Atta Turk’s death. 93
In January 2000, the Greek Foreign Secretary paid an official visit, the first since 1962, to Ankara. Greece and Turkey also concluded a series of
people is misleading. Comparison of government expenditure on Indigenous and non-Indigenous health is complex, and reliable figures only started emerging in the late 1990s. According to John Deeble’s 1998 study, only approximately 63 cents per head is spent on Indigenous health care for every dollar outlaid on the health of other Australians, and ‘only a portion of thesixty three cents is spent on culturally acceptable and effective services to Aboriginal people’ (quoted in Hunter, 1999). This is because Aboriginal people are not accessing Medicare (the national
, which denounced them as agents of an anti-Soviet conspiracy orchestrated by Western countries. According to viewers, thesixty-five-minute documentary openly incited anti-Semitism. While the film revealed the names and addresses of Jewish activists, the commentary repeated that “these people are all soldiers of Zionism within the Soviet Union, and it is here that they carry out their subversive activities”. 57 In early March, S.L. Lipavski denounced the alleged connection between the CIA and refuseniks . In an open letter published by Izvestia , he confessed to
Perhaps the most important characteristic that the book
focuses on is the tenuous relationship between Romanian
communism and Russian Stalinism. While fiercely upheld at
first, Russian Stalinism was later rejected in order to make
room for the local consolidation of power and for an alternative route to development, one that while equally violent,
tended to experiment more with ideas coming from other
communist regimes like China or North Korea. During thesixty-eight years of Romanian communism however, there is
little indication of any true, widespread intellectual