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Thomas A. Prendergast and Stephanie Trigg

campus unrest of the sixties and our current crises around democracy, international relations and the role of journalism, to name just a few) the idea of the medieval community of scholars reappears, either as the utopian desideratum for academics, or for those interested in restricting intellectual freedom, as an irrelevant piece of nostalgia. There is nothing quite as terrifying to administrators and

in Affective medievalism
Mark Ormrod, Bart Lambert and Jonathan Mackman

perceptions of opportunity for French people moving north of the Channel. The one thing that is reasonably clear is that the recruitment grounds for migrants to England remained solidly in northern and north-western France. Of the sixty-seven denizations granted to known French-born people between the 1470s and the 1530s, sixty-one (79 per cent) specified that the recipients had been born in places within Normandy, Brittany, Picardy and the Pas de Calais. By the end of our period, denizations also began more frequently to specify a particular town of origin. Of the 1

in Immigrant England, 1300–1550
Mark Ormrod, Bart Lambert and Jonathan Mackman

the 275 taxpayers (13 per cent) with a recorded nationality in this county were Scots; and in 1524, ten of the sixty-four identifiable aliens in the general subsidy returns for Suffolk (that is, 16 per cent) were Scots. 59 In Norfolk, no Scots were recorded in 1440; yet thirteen of the ninety-five taxpayers in the county in 1483 were Scots, seven of them living in Lynn. 60 How are we to account for this apparent change of pattern in Scottish settlement in England in the 1480s? England and Scotland were at peace for most of the period after the early 1460s, and

in Immigrant England, 1300–1550
Jenny Benham

,000 marks and the sixty hostages. 6 In an additional clause Henry then stipulated that, if Richard was successful in his ‘promise’ regarding Henry the Lion, the exiled duke of Saxony, the Emperor would discharge 50,000 marks of Richard’s ransom, pay the 20,000 marks due to Leopold of Austria, and, furthermore, waive the right to the sixty-seven hostages. If Richard was unable to fulfil his

in Peacemaking in the Middle Ages
Lester K. Little

, from 1742. 38 It is a notarised report, written in Italian, of action taken on ‘an exceptional matter’ during the annual meeting of the wine porters’ guild of Cremona on 7 May. That was a Monday, but the sixty-nine wine porters in attendance had the day off, of course, for the Feast of Saint Alberto, so they could attend as a group the mass in his honour at Saint-Mattia and also hold their annual meeting to elect officers and deal with other, mostly routine, matters. Figure

in Indispensable immigrants
Anthony Musson

than fifty-seven attended. In the York parliament of December 1332 only five of the eleven earls turned up and just over half of the sixty-six ‘peers’ summoned. A number of peers never turned up for perfectly genuine reasons such as old age, illness, military service or other important royal or personal business, but the failure to attend naturally makes it difficult to be sure who was present when specific

in Medieval law in context
Open Access (free)
Susan M. Johns

, including Lady Amicia, mother of ‘Haket’, and her daughter, Emmelina, as well as Margeret and Emmelina, the daughters of the grantor, also witnessed.88 The women’s names are last on the list, following male witnesses, suggesting that women were perceived at the bottom of the hierarchy of witnesses.89 Social status mattered as well as gender. In an unusual charter dating from the late twelfth century Alexandria, the daughter of Ralph Bernard, her sisters, Matilda, Hawise, Agnes and Beatrix, and her husband, William, gave lands to Stixwould. Of the sixty-three witnesses

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
Abstract only
Deborah Youngs

beginning around forty-five to fifty, usually called senectus , and a second stage beginning in the sixties or seventies, called either decrepitude or senium , which lasted until death: a case of a ‘young-old’ and an ‘old-old’. 6 Not only was the onset of old age considered a gradual process, but it affected different people in different ways; it was an ‘individual event’. Arnold of

in The life–cycle in Western Europe, c.1300-c.1500
Simon Walker

bench, which was effectively controlled throughout Henry IV’s reign by Richard Gascoigne, chief steward of the Duchy in the North, and present as a justice at sixty-one of the sixty- four recorded peace sessions between October 1399 and December 1411. 26 Although the resources of the Duchy of Lancaster allowed the Crown, after 1399, to maintain close and effective supervision of the West Riding commission, reliance on magnates like the Nevilles and Scropes to uphold social discipline both within their own ‘countries’ and on the county benches held its own dangers

in Political culture in later medieval England
Simha Goldin

Isaac ben Moses had already stated, in the thirteenth century, that women would immerse only at the end of the sixty or eighty-day period. In the fourteenth century Rabbi Alexander Zuslin HaCohen – who lived in Worms, Cologne, and Frankfurt, and died as a martyr in 1348 – essentially confirms this in his book Sefer ha-Agudah . ‘Women, who have just given birth, usually wait to immerse themselves

in Jewish women in europe in the middle ages