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Private organizations and governmentality
Giles Scott- Smith

, institutions, and professional networks that voluntarily took on this role. In doing so, they fulfilled a role that governments could not, and they acted in the name of vital governmental interests. These groups form what we can call the Transnational Transatlantic. Their efforts were behind the creation and perpetuation of a unique political space, an Atlantic Community, as a guiding sign of consensus with which both sides of the ocean could identify. It was also the nucleus for what many perceived to be the future of global governance 9 – the transatlantic core for

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Abstract only
Susanne Lachenicht, Charlotte A. Lerg and Michael Kimmage

connected in a way that makes them ideal partners’, as Ariane Leendertz writes in her contribution to this volume. Changing paradigms Methodologically the study of transatlantic relations traditionally focused on the political and diplomatic history of the twentieth century. However, with the dawn of the twenty-first century the research area transformed into the more encompassing field of Transatlantic Studies. The latter include political theory as well as a new emphasis on cultural, social, and transnational history. 9

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Andreas Fischer- Lescano

settling of conflicts by the parties and implements the rule of the polity over the partisan individuals. Radicalization: Neither the establishment nor the preservation of autonomous law is bound up with the polity; as law of world society, it comes into being in transnational processes of coevolution between law and its social environment. II. Claim (Menke): Juridical decision-​makers must take the paradoxical basic constellation and the relation of the law to non-​law into account in their legal decisions in order to realize a self-​reflexive application of the

in Law and violence
A programme for the teaching of history in the post- national era
Thomas Adam

teaching that connects the current global experiences of students with past events and provides explanations for the challenges of our time. The most prominent way to reconfigure our historical knowledge and its presentation is offered by the approach of Transnational History. Transnational History emerged since the early 1990s as a counter-model to the paradigm of national history. It is focused on the circulation of ideas, concepts, and practices across various cultures and societies. Rather than seeing history as a function of nation states and only in its national

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Abstract only
Inapplicability and necessity in Bosnia Herzegovina
Tanya Dramac Jiries

. 13 The ‘Bonn Powers’ were added in 1997 as substantial powers for the OHR that help to avoid the implementation of the Dayton Agreement being delayed or obstructed by local nationalist politicians. 14 Paraphrased from: Georgia Holmer, United States Peace Institute, ‘Countering Violent Extremism: A Peacebuilding Perspective’, www.icnl.org/research/library/files/files/Transnational/CVEUSIP.pdf (accessed June 2018). 15 In an interview with the State Investigative and Protective Unit’s Head of Counter-terrorism, he confirmed that there are a number of

in Encountering extremism
discourse, argumentation and ritual
Lee Jarvis and Tim Legrand

, ultimately, a decision or choice. Such choices might be contingent upon specific national contexts, or entirely unrelated (geo)political concerns, or transnational alliances, but they are precisely that: contingent, not automatic. While clearly significant, this emphasis on outcomes also – in our view unfortunately – militates against a questioning of the politics that takes place before those decisions are made. Yet this politics matters, we will argue in the following chapters, not only for deepening our analysis of this particular policy process, but, in addition

in Banning them, securing us?
A critical examination of theoretical issues and local challenges
Alice Martini, Kieran Ford and Richard Jackson

–622 . Kundnani , A. , 2012 . ‘Radicalisation: The journey of a concept’, Race & Class , 54 , 3–25 . Kundnani , A. , 2015 . The Muslims Are Coming! Islamophobia, Extremism and the Domestic War on Terror . Verso Books, London . Kundnani , A. , Hayes , B. , 2018 . The Globalisation of Countering Violent Extremism Policies. Undermining Human Rights, Instrumentalising Civil Society . Transnational Institute, Amsterdam . Lindahl , S. , 2018 . A Critical Theory of Counterterrorism: Ontology, Epistemology and Normativity . Routledge, London . Lindekilde , L

in Encountering extremism
A genealogical study of terrorism and counter-terrorism discourses
Chin-Kuei Tsui

. Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method . SAGE, London . Kundnani , A. , 2012 . ‘Radicalisation: The journey of a concept’, Race & Class , 54 ( 2 ), 3–25 . Kundnani , A. , Hayes , B. , 2018 . ‘The globalisation of countering violent extremism policies: Understanding human right instrumentalising civil society’, Transnational Institute, Amsterdam , February 2018. Available at www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/the_globalisation_of_countering_violent_extremism_policies_executive_summary.pdf (accessed 10 April 2018). Leffler , M. , 2003 . ‘9/11 and

in Encountering extremism
Feminist critiques of countering violent extremism
Jessica Auchter

and the protection of civilians as a transnational issue’, International Studies Quarterly , 49 ( 2 ), 295–334 . Carpenter , C. , 2006 . ‘Innocent Women and Children’: Gender, Norms, and the Protection of Civilians . Ashgate, London . Carter Center , 2017 . The Women in Daesh: Deconstructing Complex Gender Dynamics in Daesh Recruitment and Propaganda . Available at www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/peace/conflict_resolution/countering-isis/women-in-daesh.pdf (accessed 17 February 2020). Chowdhury Fink , N. , Zeiger , S. and Bulai , R

in Encountering extremism
Aislinn O'Donnell

–2017 (HL 39 and HC 105) . Crown Copyright, London . Kundnani , A. , Hayes , B. , 2018 . The Globalization of Countering-Extremism Policies . Transnational Institute, New York . Masschelein , J. , Simons , M. , 2013 . In Defence of the School: A Public Issue . Education, Culture and Society Publishers, Leuven . Massumi , B. , 2007 . ‘Potential politics and the primacy of preemption’, Theory and Event , 10 ( 2 ). Mattsson , C. , Säljö , R. , 2018 . ‘Violent extremism, national security and prevention: Institutional discourses and their

in Encountering extremism