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D. S. A. Bell, ‘Empire and International Relations in
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Common (London: Merlin, 1991).
62 The Junta was the name given by Sidney and Beatrice Webb to the salaried trade union
secretaries in mid-Victorianpolitics based in London. This influential group included
William Allen (Engineers), Robert Applegarth (Carpenters), Danile Guilde (Iron
founders), Edwin Coulson (Bricklayers) and George Odger (London Trades Council).
knowledge under difficulties’. He was impatient with those who would
leap over the exacting sacrifices of self-help and instead make demands
The political nationalism of the Irish diaspora since the 1790s
David T. Gleeson
-American Dilemma (London, 1971), pp. 126–28, 192–208; Richard
Parfitt, ‘“Oh, what matter, when for Erin dear we fall?”: music and Irish
nationalism, 1848–1913’, Irish Studies Review, 34 (Autumn 2015), 485–86;
Ian St. John, Gladstone and the Logic of VictorianPolitics (New York, 2010),
48 Patrick Steward and Bryan P. McGovern, The Fenians: Irish Rebellion in the
North Atlantic World, 1858–1876 (Knoxville, TN, 2013), pp. 125–29.
49 Christian Samito, Becoming American Under Fire: Irish Americans, African
Americans and the Politics of Citizenship in the Civil War Era