of ‘dispersal’, preventing the risky concentration of racialised populations in any one urban centre, so consequently
asylum seekers are warehoused in a network of privately run accommodationcentres around the country. Socially excluded, spatially and
physically distanced, asylum seekers are also regarded as lying beyond
the scope of integration and integratibility in the absence of refugee
status or some form of subsidiary protection.
This system has been subject to repeated international criticism. In
2011 Thomas Hammerberg, the Human Rights Commissioner of the
. Carolan, ‘Pegida's arrival a wake-up call for migration policy; national debate on migration and development of multicultural policies urgently needed’, Irish Times , 12 February 2016.
69 I. O’Doherty, ‘Remind me … who the fascists are again here?’, Sunday Independent , 13 February 2016.
70 Independent.ie Newsdesk, ‘We should see after our own first’ – Councillor protests against accommodationcentre for asylum seekers’, Irish Independent , 16 December 2017.
71 A. Lucey, ‘Dozens protest
Material reception conditions, such as accommodation, food and
clothing. Family unity. Medical and psychological care. Access to the education system for minor children and language
courses. Lodgings in a house, accommodationcentre or hotel. In all cases, applicants must have the possibility of communicating
with legal advisers, NGOs and the UNHCR. Access to employment.
The most heavily disputed
alleviate pressures from asylum seekers.27 Thus the ‘Blunkett equation’ – more ‘good’ immigration (economic migrants with
skills that were needed in the economy) equals less ‘bad’ immigration
(asylum seekers and irregular migrants). Inevitably, it was the measures
regarding unwanted migration that made the headlines, particularly the
proposals for accommodationcentres for asylum seekers. Thus, the
space for the new approach represented by ‘managed migration’ could
be safeguarded by continuing to ‘talk tough’ about asylum seeking and
those who ‘abuse the system’ (HMSO