This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.
the idealisation of the Other. Catholics are typically perceived as
being more together, coherent or whatever, an idealisation that simply
enables Protestants to unconsciously reproduce the Catholic threat and
the relations of domination and social power.
Fear of loss is akin to fear of defeat and the author
notes that some loyalists like the certainty of the apocalypse that she
Evolution of Irregular War;” Boot, Invisible Armies.
40 See, for instance, Bard E. O’Neill, Insurgency and Terrorism: From Revolution
to Apocalypse, 2nd edn (Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2005), 19–28.
41 Ibid., 27–8.
42 Bard E. O’Neill, “Forward,” in Robert Taber, War of the Flea: The Classic Study
of Guerrilla Warfare (Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2002), p. viii.
43 United States Department of the Army, Counterinsurgency, 1-5.
44 See, for instance, Boot, Invisible Armies, xx–xxiii, xxvi–xxvii.
45 One question we may raise here is whether or not a
new terrorism: driven by an extremist
religious ideology that “appeals to a glorious past, places aspects of religious identity above all others, and relies on a distorted interpretation
of Islam,”10 they are more than willing “to use highly lethal methods in
order to destroy an impure world and bring about the apocalypse.”11
The underlying ideological narrative for al-Qaeda for instance, charges
that the United States, and more broadly the West, are at war with Islam
in a clash of civilizations and that the Muslim world must unify to defeat
this threat.12 Thus, for