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Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Abstract only
Adrian Millar

reinforced by the idealisation of the Other. Catholics are typically perceived as being more together, coherent or whatever, an idealisation that simply enables Protestants to unconsciously reproduce the Catholic threat and the relations of domination and social power. Fear of loss is akin to fear of defeat and the author notes that some loyalists like the certainty of the apocalypse that she

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Data and measurement
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

Evolution of Irregular War;” Boot, Invisible Armies. 40 See, for instance, Bard E. O’Neill, Insurgency and Terrorism: From Revolution to Apocalypse, 2nd edn (Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2005), 19–28. 41 Ibid., 27–8. 42 Bard E. O’Neill, “Forward,” in Robert Taber, War of the Flea: The Classic Study of Guerrilla Warfare (Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2002), p. viii. 43 United States Department of the Army, Counterinsurgency, 1-5. 44 See, for instance, Boot, Invisible Armies, xx–xxiii, xxvi–xxvii. 45 One question we may raise here is whether or not a

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

new terrorism: driven by an extremist religious ideology that “appeals to a glorious past, places aspects of religious identity above all others, and relies on a distorted interpretation of Islam,”10 they are more than willing “to use highly lethal methods in order to destroy an impure world and bring about the apocalypse.”11 The underlying ideological narrative for al-Qaeda for instance, charges that the United States, and more broadly the West, are at war with Islam in a clash of civilizations and that the Muslim world must unify to defeat this threat.12 Thus, for

in African security in the twenty-first century