A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair
engage in the reflective process? This, we suggest, is why
collaboration is important. Academic historians bring an emphasis on scale and
context, built on deep reading of archival and other sources, to bear on the
policy-making process. Our experience of the ‘Humanitarian History’
project suggests that working together in a space of mutual exploration and the
co-production of knowledge has enormous value. Note 1 The research for this article was funded by a New Foundations Grant from the
logistical management of vehicle pools, driver training and respect for traffic
rules (speed, seatbelts and car maintenance) had improved, as the ‘Aid
Worker Security Database’ ( Humanitarian Outcomes , n.d.) demonstrated. Moreover, I found only a
few car accidents in our archives, though it was likely that not all the
incidents had been reported. In fact, one of the biggest obstacles to incident reporting was the fear of
consequences and of headquarters interfering in the
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This book explores the way in which the Anglo-American new world order (NWO) debate changed by 9/11, and the encouragement this has given to the 'neoconservatives' or 'neocons' within the George W. Bush Administration. It examines the policy-making process as it developed before the Versailles Conference of 1919. An extensive literature exists on the 'lessons of Versailles' and particularly on the 'failure' of the League of Nations (LON), one that started even before the signature of the Treaty of Versailles. The book then explores how the Conference and the LON attempted to frame the immediate problems of the post-war period. It shows how NWO architects' thinking developed in what might be called the area of 'global security' from the period of the First World War until the present. The clear evidence is that the American thinking on the NWO had a huge impact in Britain's processes in the same direction. President Theodore Roosevelt shared a deep suspicion of British motives for the post-war settlement in line with most Americans. He attributed blame for the inter-war crisis as much to British and French intransigence and balance of power politics at Versailles as to German aggression. The results of the Versailles settlement hung like a cloud over Allied relationships during the Second World War and gave a powerful impetus in American circles for an attitude of 'never again'. The variety of historical archival material presented provided the background to the current and historical American obsession with creating the world order.
it (author interview with Mary Creagh MP, via phone, 26 January 2017).
3 It should be noted that publicly available Labour Party documentation is very incomplete and there is no single accessible and up to date Labour archive. Key interviews used for this chapter were conducted by the author in 2017 with former Shadow Secretaries of State, Mary Creagh and Ivan Lewis, and with Linda McAvan MEP.
4 Author interview with Ivan Lewis MP, London, 28 February 2017.
5 Author interview with Ivan
This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.
and institutions – serves
to elucidate the way in which this system worked during this particular historical period but also might shed light on the key elements of contemporary Israeli
thinking on surveillance and political control.
Despite the importance of this pivotal moment for understanding future
developments, most Israeli social scientists have argued that no state policy
had evolved during that period. This argument not only denies the existence
of systematic thinking and consistency in the state’s actions, which the evidence from my archival research
dollars)’. 13 Although in Europe such a ban did not exist, they
quickly fell into neglect. The Selling Democracy project has
generated a process of unearthing the MP films in various European film
archives, which is ongoing, especially in the case of the non-English
versions and the trans-European ones.
The majority of writings about the MP’s publicity campaign
and the MP films tend to focus on national
European geopolitical thought to an American audience. 6
Even if the academic disciplines of international law and IR seem to have all but forgotten Edwin Borchard, his archived correspondence documents how well connected he was in America’s intellectual and political circles. Borchard quite literally flooded the American Journal of International Law , which he co-edited for many years, with his political commentary. In its pages he fought against the Versailles peace settlement, the collective security system established by the League of Nations and the 1928 Kellogg
entitlements on the one hand, and a repertoire of denial on the
other. This unique positioning of the Palestinians in relation to Palestine, their
entitlements continually contested and denied by the Israeli state, makes the
theorisation of social memory crucial to any discussion of memorisation as comemoration – the focus of this book.
Conscious that memory itself is not available for research without a
copious study of the individual mental archives of those who survived, and
because my orientation is that of a sociologist, not a psychologist or
psychoanalyst, this study