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  • Manchester History of Medicine x
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the private life of Britons. At the heart of my research and threaded through this book is material drawn from the Mass Observation Archive (MOA). These sources provide insight into the everyday experience of ordinary people, and because they permeate so much of this work, I would like to offer some contextual information about MO materials and particularly those that I have drawn on. MO was formed in 1937 with the intention of creating an ‘anthropology of ourselves’. 103 Voluntary ‘observers’ were recruited to write direct accounts of

in Feeling the strain
The Guthrie card example

Commissioner to the effect that, in the future, specific consent should be obtained for the retention of the cards for a ten-­year period after which they would be disposed of. In relation to the existing archive of cards, it was agreed that the retention of samples without consent clearly contravened both EU and national data protection legislation and those cards must therefore be disposed of. The Minister for Health subsequently ordered the destruction of the cards unless individuals requested them back. There were calls from clinicians and researchers to retain the cards

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Army, Medicine, and Modernity in WWI Germany

This book is a critical examination of the relationships between war, medicine, and the pressures of modernization in the waning stages of the German Empire. Through her examination of wartime medical and scientific innovations, government and military archives, museum and health exhibitions, philanthropic works, consumer culture and popular media, historian Heather Perry reveals how the pressures of modern industrial warfare did more than simply transform medical care for injured soldiers—they fundamentally re-shaped how Germans perceived the disabled body. As the Empire faced an ever more desperate labour shortage, military and government leaders increasingly turned to medical authorities for assistance in the re-organization of German society for total war. Thus, more than a simple history of military medicine or veteran care, Recycling the Disabled tells the story of the medicalization of modern warfare in Imperial Germany and the lasting consequences of this shift in German society.

South Asian doctors and the reinvention of British general practice (1940s– 1980s)

The NHS is traditionally viewed as a typically British institution; a symbol of national identity. It has however always been dependent on a migrant workforce whose role has until recently received little attention from historians. Migrant Architects draws on 45 oral history interviews (40 with South Asian GPs who worked through this period) and extensive archival research to offer a radical reappraisal of how the National Health Service was made.

This book is the first history of the first generation of South Asian doctors who became GPs in the National Health Service. Their story is key to understanding the post-war history of British general practice and therefore the development of a British healthcare system where GPs play essential roles in controlling access to hospitals and providing care in community settings.

Imperial legacies, professional discrimination and an exodus of British-trained doctors combined to direct a large proportion of migrant doctors towards work as GPs in industrial areas. In some parts of Britain they made up more than half of the GP workforce. This book documents the structural dependency of British general practice on South Asian doctors. It also focuses on the agency of migrant practitioners and their transformative roles in British society and medicine.

Chronic disease and clinical bureaucracy in post-war Britain

Through a study of diabetes care in post-war Britain, this book is the first historical monograph to explore the emergence of managed medicine within the National Health Service. Much of the extant literature has cast the development of systems for structuring and reviewing clinical care as either a political imposition in pursuit of cost control or a professional reaction to state pressure. By contrast, Managing Diabetes, Managing Medicine argues that managerial medicine was a co-constructed venture between profession and state. Despite possessing diverse motives – and though clearly influenced by post-war Britain’s rapid political, technological, economic, and cultural changes – general practitioners (GPs), hospital specialists, national professional and patient bodies, a range of British government agencies, and influential international organisations were all integral to the creation of managerial systems in Britain. By focusing on changes within the management of a single disease at the forefront of broader developments, this book ties together innovations across varied sites at different scales of change, from the very local programmes of single towns to the debates of specialists and professional leaders in international fora. Drawing on a broad range of archival materials, published journals, and medical textbooks, as well as newspapers and oral histories, Managing Diabetes, Managing Medicine not only develops fresh insights into the history of managed healthcare, but also contributes to histories of the NHS, medical professionalism, and post-war government more broadly.

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Australian flight nurses in the Korean War

War Memorial and the National Archives of Australia, and interviews with ex-RAAF flight nurses who served both in Japan and Korea.7 The chapter aims to document the development of the RAAF air evacuation system during the Korean War and to examine the role of the RAAF flight nurses as the war progressed. Further exploration of the training, role and working conditions of this group of flight nurses will illustrate the way in which the flight nurse role evolved and was shaped by the concepts of ‘being a good nurse’, gender and class. The efforts of this small number

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
An absence of trained nurses and basic resources

survey of military nursing from the time of Suleiman the Magnificent but makes no mention of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Russo-Turk Wars until the war of 1877–78. The section for the Ottoman Empire in the Turkish government archives lists no entries for the Crimean War. Most of what we know about the Turkish medical department comes from the writings of two British observers, Rear Admiral Adolphus Slade and Dr Humphry Sandwith. Slade spent many years in Turkey: in 1849, retaining his rank in the Royal Navy, he entered the Ottoman service as administrative

in Beyond Nightingale
The experience of the sick in the eighteenth century

flesh and the mind. Throughout eighteenth-century Europe, epistolary consultations constitute an important archive in which to explore the experience of any illness in the Enlightenment. An educated person might write to a physician, usually a famous one, to get relief if they were suffering from multiple and long-lasting ailments that required the judgement of an expert and had consulted many other healers without success. Samuel Tissot, a famous physician practising in Lausanne (Switzerland) during the second half of the eighteenth century, received more than 1

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
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exploration of how the inhabitants and proprietors of asylums negotiated a relationship with the people and spaces outside the walls. An archaeology of lunacy is, by necessity, multidisciplinary, drawing on the large body of evidence. This includes archival evidence for asylum governance at local and national level, cartography and visual sources like photographs and drawings, and the sites themselves, analysis of which can draw on archaeological approaches to landscapes, buildings, and material culture. Employing a multidisciplinary approach, this book will explore the

in An archaeology of lunacy
Open Access (free)
Health as moral economy in the long nineteenth century

Christopher Hamlin takes up the unstable and often polarised relationship between cultural experience and interpretation on the one hand, and biomedical objectivity on the other. In so doing, he draws attention to a phenomenon which is so frequently missing from current scholarship: embodied subjectivity. The chapter ranges widely from public health archives to literary texts, interrogating E. P. Thompson’s seminal concept of the ‘moral economy’ through the social history of health, and questioning how we might meaningfully register the experiences of those whose words and emotions are lost to history. Questioning the very voices and vocabularies through which the social history of health is constructed, Hamlin recognises both the usefulness and the limitations of our approaches to illness and the history of medicine, while adopting an integrative, holistic approach to notions of disease. Paralleling the historical figure of the nuisance inspector with the gamekeeper (or lover) in D. H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover, and the tales of patients of Hardwicke Hospital, Dublin, with the complaints of Agnes Fleming in Charles Dickens’s Oliver Twist, he opens up the possibilities of work which crosses literary and medical histories as a context in which the formation of an embodied subjectivity might be considered.

in Progress and pathology