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Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
R.M. Liuzza

Long before the invention of the mechanical clock, the monastic computes offered a model of time that was visible, durable, portable and objectifiable. The development of ‘temporal literacy’ among the Anglo-Saxons involved not only the measurement of time but also the ways in which the technologies used to measure and record time — from sundials and church bells to calendars and chronicles — worked to create and reorder cultural capital, and add new scope and range to the life of the imagination. Techniques of time measurement are deeply implicated in historical consciousness and the assertion of identity; this paper proposes some avenues of exploration for this topic among the Anglo-Saxons.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Kathleen W. Christian

Marcantonio Raimondis so-called Caryatid Façade has received scant attention, yet it occupies an important place in the printmakers oeuvre and was widely admired and imitated in the sixteenth century. The image, which features an architectural façade adorned with Caryatid and Persian porticoes and an oversized female capital, does not fit easily with the usual narrative about Raimondis career in Rome, summed up in Vasaris account that he collaborated with Raphael to publicise the masters storie. Rather than being an illustration of a religious or mythological subject, it brings together architectural fantasia, archaeology and Vitruvian studies, reflecting on the origins of the orders and the nature of architectural ornament. Arguably, it is also an indirect trace of Raphaels unfinished projects to reconstruct Rome and to collaborate with humanist Fabio Calvo and others on a new, illustrated edition of Vitruvius.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Shiona Chillas, Melinda Grewar and Barbara Townley

the chain between production and consumption. We thus investigate the ‘fashion as fast’ and ‘textiles as slow’ opposition by examining where and how the material artefacts are produced; the interactions between textile producers and fashion designers; and how and where the symbolic capital of textiles and fashion is manifest and maintained. After a brief description of the textiles, we explain our framework using the work of the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, especially his concept of capital, following this with a description of the methods used in this

in European fashion
Global days of action and photographs of resistance
Antigoni Memou

parties happened around the world from Bogotá, Columbia to Melbourne, Australia and from Stockholm, Sweden to Tel Aviv, Israel. On 18 June 1999, the Carnival Against Capital (J18) took place in the city of London and simultaneously in over seventy-five cities around the globe, an immediate precursor of the global actions in Seattle in 1999 and in Genoa in 2001. This chapter examines the photographic documents of the J18 party available on the website of Reclaim the Streets, offering an analysis of the recurrent themes and examining photography’s role in the production

in Photography and social movements
Catherine Spencer

four years after Kaprow’s 18 Happenings in 6 Parts , it testifies to a geographic diversity that undermines prevailing tendencies to historicise the Happening as a primarily Euro-American phenomenon. Yet Minujín’s performances did not simply replicate the cross-cultural interactions fostered by an ephemeral, mobile art form. They actively assessed the power dynamics involved in their own creation, investigating the fluid interpellation of cultural, social, economic and political capital within increasingly globalised networks of influence. This approach was partly

in Beyond the Happening
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Locating global ­contemporary art in global China
Jenny Lin

-sponsored exhibitions, namely the 2000 Shanghai Biennial and 2010 World Expo; and spectacular art installations by transnational art stars Gu Wenda and Cai Quo-Qiang. I argue that these projects erect glamorizing artifices that obfuscate Shanghai’s local histories and concerns while branding the city as an international economic and cultural capital. I further look to counter-models, including avant-garde Introduction: Locating global ­contemporary art in global China painting, subversive sculpture, curatorial interventions, and experimental video and film by Pang Xunqin, Liu

in Above sea
The case of Guy and Arnaud de Lummen
Johanna Zanon

success through processes of revival. The term also translates easily in many languages such as French ( belle endormie ), Spanish ( bella durmiente ), and German ( Dornröschen ), and facilitates the introduction of the brand on international markets. More importantly, the tale is widely spread across the world. Its meaning is therefore not lost in translation, which makes it a powerful branding asset. 3 There is more to the reawakening of a sleeping beauty than a magic kiss. Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of cultural capital is particularly relevant to explain why the

in European fashion
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Valletta, Rangoon and new capitals
John M. MacKenzie

chapter seeks to assess the buildings of two contrasting smaller and less well-known colonial cities. The focus will be on the development of architectural forms in the key colonial fortress of Malta and the rapidly developing colonial capital city of Burma, Rangoon. In the second part of the chapter the creation of new capitals of Australia in Canberra, India at New Delhi and Northern Rhodesia at Lusaka will be examined to determine their meanings for the later imperial period. THE CASE OF VALLETTA Malta was a vital strategic Mediterranean colony where British

in The British Empire through buildings
William Roscoe, civic myths and the institutionalisation of urban culture
James Moore

was not merely a gateway for international trade, but was also a key outlet for the bulk transport of sea-borne goods to Ireland and the south of England, ensuring that Liverpool merchants developed close connections with the key cultural centres of Dublin and London.11 In many respects the economic structure of Liverpool was closer to those of the two capital cities than to that of late eighteenth-century Manchester; like London and Dublin, Liverpool was primarily a commercial city, not an industrial one. Liverpool’s commercial elites tended to see their city as

in High culture and tall chimneys