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A Session at the 2019 Modern Language Association Convention
Robert Jackson, Sharon P. Holland and Shawn Salvant

“Interventions” was the organizing term for the presentations of three Baldwin scholars at the Modern Language Association Convention in Chicago in January of 2019. Baldwin’s travels and activities in spaces not traditionally associated with him, including the U.S. South and West, represent interventions of a quite literal type, while his aesthetic and critical encounters with these and other cultures, including twenty-first-century contexts of racial, and racist, affect—as in the case of Raoul Peck’s 2016 film I Am Not Your Negro—provide opportunities to reconsider his work as it contributes to new thinking about race, space, property, citizenship, and aesthetics.

James Baldwin Review
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Roddy Doyle’s hyphenated identities
Eva Roa White

is ready to share its wealth (dinner) with Nigeria as represented by Ben. Doyle’s idealistic portrayal of the Nigerian immigrant is resonant of the zealousness of a new convert: the identity migrant whose self-assigned duty is to champion his new kinship with the Other. Though this is a positive effort, its delivery feels superficial. The story ‘57% Irish’ also addresses intercultural relationships but this time in the public sphere. Here Doyle uses his writing as a socio-political tool to satirise the amended 2004 Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act. Although

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
The immigrant in contemporary Irish poetry
Pilar Villar-Argáiz

. This restrictive definition of nationality recalls the controversial 2004 Referendum on Citizenship, the implications of which are mentioned below. Olszewska addresses the segregation experienced in contemporary Ireland, with immigrant ghettoes on the one hand and ­exclusive, 65 Pilar Villar-Argáiz desirable residential areas for Irish nationals on the other. As Kuhling and Keohane (2007: 201) claim in the context of Celtic Tiger Ireland, ‘town planning is over-ridden by … practices that promote class and ethnic segregation and that support anti-cosmopolitan rather

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
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Lee Spinks

does not merely imply citizenship of a nation and culture; it also describes a power to write and define the cultural self-image of other nations. Just as maleness and whiteness were often historically perceived as ‘unmarked’ positions which determined the universal content of what it meant to be human, ‘Englishness’ was often seen within colonial discourse as a synonym for civilisation, humanity, reason and enlightenment in general rather than the expressive content of a particular national tradition. Although Ondaatje is at pains to explore the nature of national

in Michael Ondaatje
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Out-marching exclusion and hatred
Jimia Boutouba

in the fight against racism and for civil rights and for a new definition of citizenship which stressed socialization based on plural belongings, the promotion of sociocultural integration in the suburbs, and the mobilization against police brutality and judicial discrimination. One of the instigators of the 1983 March, Toumi Djaidja, had been very active with community groups and within the association he was presiding over, SOS Minguettes Avenir. During one of those hot summer nights, Djaidja was seriously wounded, shot in the stomach by a police officer, while

in Reimagining North African Immigration
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Helena Grice

the ways in which the authority of such discourses is employed to legitimate and fix images of the nation as an exclusive in-group. By exploring what it means to be an ‘American’, Kingston’s text represents a new concept of literary history, as well as of nationhood, and demonstrates how concepts of ‘American’ and the American ‘nation’ signify a particular, exclusive cultural and geographical terrain. Through this, Kingston seeks to challenge notions of nationhood, citizenship, subjecthood, history and literature, in a way that attempts to claim both textual and

in Maxine Hong Kingston
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The immigrant in contemporary Irish literature
Pilar Villar-Argáiz

ethnically diverse community within the borders of the Republic, also composed of people not necessarily ‘Irish’ by birth.3 The profound impact that migration has had on the island has been examined from various perspectives.4 Barret, Bergin, and Duffy (2006), for instance, have analysed its effects on the economy of the country; and Crowley, Gilmartin, and Kitchin (2006) its consequences for legislation on Irish citizenship. The increasing cultural and racial diversity of Irish society and the subsequent anxiety over traditional notions of Irish identity led to the

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
The role of the Centro de Formación Literaria Onelio Jorge Cardoso and the movement of talleres literarios
Par Kumaraswami, Antoni Kapcia and Meesha Nehru

access to the resources, tools and spaces necessary for participants to become active contributors to the national literary tradition, if only at the local level. As such, they offered the means to develop cultural citizenship, whereby participants became cultural citizens through a dialectical process of ‘self-making and being made within webs of power’ (Pawley, 2008: 600). Furthermore, as communicative spaces, the talleres acted as mini-public spheres where that cultural citizenship could be enacted (Nehru, 2010). The impact of this communication was limited for

in Literary culture in Cuba
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Angela K. Smith

. The debate surrounding the role of women soldiers became very animated in the last years of the twentieth century, following the active participation of many women, particularly Americans, in the Gulf War. 23 Ilene Rose Feinman attempts to represent both sides of this debate in her book Citizenship Rites: Feminist Soldiers and Feminist Antimilitarists . 24

in Gender and warfare in the twentieth century
The new Irish multicultural fiction
Amanda Tucker

about how regulations and laws like the 2004 Citizenship Referendum negatively affect children. The Richness of Change, one of the organisation’s first major projects, does not offer the same challenge. Composed of ten one-minute snapshots, the film documents the lives of ten immigrants in Ireland, including Floyd Jackson, one of only two black migrants featured in the production. His vignette begins with upbeat, whimsical music that is soon joined by Jackson’s narration about meeting his future Irish wife in South Africa. In reminiscing over first coming to Ireland

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland