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Three related concepts are addressed here: rights, obligations and citizenship. We first consider the development of the concept of ‘rights’ as being intrinsic to human beings because they are human . Different interpretations of the term ‘rights’ are discussed together with some of the controversies which surround the issue at the present. Next we analyse the idea of

in Understanding political ideas and movements

8 Politics and citizenship The key challenge facing both Government and Irish society in the period ahead is the need to integrate people of a different culture, ethnicity, language and religion so that they become part of our nation, part of the Irish family in the 21st century. (Fianna Fáil, 2009) This chapter examines immigrant political participation and the role of citizenship in the political integration of immigrants. Firstly, it considers bottom-up efforts of immigrants to participate in electoral politics since 2004, when two former asylum seekers

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland

Introduction Rainer Bauböck's “Democratic Inclusion: A Pluralistic Theory of Citizenship” is characteristically incisive. In this essay and elsewhere (e.g. Bauböck 2003, 2007 ), he has liberated normative political theory from the girdle of territorial boundary conditions. If ever it was, it is obviously no longer possible to posit a world of perfectly segmented national communities. For normative theory to remain

in Democratic inclusion

7 Equality and citizenship in global perspective Introduction: the spreading of citizenship? HE PRECEDING chapters of this book have enquired whether a commitment to an egalitarian, democratic form of citizenship is capable of organising and giving shape and force to a variety of egalitarian commitments. Whereas the arguments collected together in the first part of this book criticised the approach taken by prominent participants in the ‘equality of what’ debate, the second part of this book has investigated ways in which we might avoid some of same pitfalls by

in Rethinking Equality
Rawls on equality

1 The troubled life of social citizenship: Rawls on equality Introduction: social citizenship between Marshall and Rawls N T H I S chapter, I examine John Rawls’s account of citizenship in a just society. Rawls’s account of justice has been hugely influential, although relatively little attention has been focused on Rawls’s theory as a theory of citizenship. But this chapter addresses Rawls’s work as precisely that: an attempt to ground a satisfactory version of free and equal citizenship, by drawing on ideas and values that are deeply embedded in Western

in Rethinking Equality

the term ‘Third Way’ by several years. At the heart of New Labour’s Third Way is the claim that economic efficiency and social justice can be symbiotic. I argue that the articulation of a particular concept of citizenship is a crucial element of the framework that New Labour believes is necessary in order to achieve this. This argument is supported by evidence drawn from a discursive

in The Third Way and beyond

5 Globalisation, the breaking and re-making of social democratic citizenship Hans Schattle Introduction: the erosion of social democratic citizenship Social democratic citizenship can be regarded as the fulfilment of not only civil and political rights but also social and economic rights – rights to education, health care, living wages, unemployment insurance and pensions – and it is all too obvious that these rights have eroded severely in recent decades across the ‘developed’ world. The gutting of trade unions, the reduction of full-time jobs paying decent

in Making social democrats
Young and Phillips on equality

5 Opportunities, outcomes and democratic citizenship: Young and Phillips on equality Introduction: the hegemony of opportunity T W A S noted in Chapter 3 that liberal debates on equality increasingly concentrate on the ideal of equal opportunities for all individuals. There are, to be sure, different interpretations of equal opportunities: thus the luck egalitarian literature kick-started by Dworkin, in particular, attempts to replace the old meritocracy – the talent-based equality of opportunity which Rawls rejected – with a ‘new’ meritocracy where the effort

in Rethinking Equality

Kollman 02_Tonra 01 03/12/2012 12:15 Page 23 2 Sexual citizenship, LGBT movements and the relationship recognition debate in western democracies Since the late 1980s state recognition of same-sex couples, and more recently the opening of marriage, have become the central focus of LGBT rights movements in almost all western societies. Although the idea is not entirely new, this focus on relationship recognition does represent a significant change in the prioritisation of movement goals from the 1970s and 1980s. This shift has occurred despite the fact that in

in The same-sex unions revolution in western democracies

80 4 Citizenship v. religion in the school curricula of the 2000s This chapter will examine how general policy orientations were translated into school curricula in the late 1990s and 2000s with regard to cultural and religious matters. Can these curricula be said to demonstrate a pluralist transition, or even revolution, as compared with the still strongly Christian educational message of the 1970s? We will consider the school curricula as statements of intent on the part of Irish public institutions. As Fionnuala Waldron remarked in her analysis of Irish

in Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland