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Jobs, families, mobilities and social identities
Ben Jones

Chapter 2 Class: jobs, families, mobilities and social identities This chapter explores class identifications in England since the 1940s. As such, it is primarily about the ways in which people experience class, the economic, social and cultural processes which shape individual subjectivities, and the extent to which these mould social identities. As suggested in the introduction, social identifications are understood as a relational: they are both about how one defines oneself in relation to others and about how one is categorised by other individuals, groups

in The working class in mid-twentieth-century England
Race and settler colonialism in Southern Rhodesia, 1919–79

This book explores the class experiences of white workers in Southern Rhodesia. Interest in white identity, power and privilege has grown since struggles over white land ownership in Zimbabwe in the early 2000s, yet research has predominately focused on middle-class and rural whites. By critically building upon whiteness literature developed in the United States and synthesising theories of race, class and gender within a critical Marxist framework, this book considers the ways in which racial supremacy and white identity were forged and contested by lower-class whites. It demonstrates how settler anxieties over hegemonic notions of white femininity and masculinity, white poverty, Coloureds, Africans and ‘undesirable’ non-British whites were rooted in class experience and significantly contributed to dominant white worker political ideologies and self-understandings.

Based on original research conducted in the United Kingdom, South Africa and Zimbabwe, this book also explores how white workers used notions of ‘white work’ and white ‘standards of living’ to mark out racial boundaries. In doing so the author demonstrates how the worlds of work were embedded in the production of social identities and structural inequalities as well as how class interacted and intersected with other identities and oppressions. This book will be of interest to undergraduates and academics of gender, labour, race and class in African and imperial and colonial history, the history of emotions and settler colonial studies.

League activism and class politics
Helen McCarthy

6 Classes and cultures? League activism and class politics No movement on behalf of the League of Nations can be either adequate or effective which is anything short of National – ie, a movement covering the whole of the British Isles and embracing every class of citizenhood . . . We shall speak with power and effect only when we can speak on behalf of the Nation as a whole. (Lord Robert Cecil, 1920)1 In 1921, the LNU issued a short story telling the tale of how a little girl named Peggy became converted to the League of Nations.2 The daughter of a vicar

in The British people and the League of Nations
Ginger S. Frost

7 Cross-class cohabitation I n Mary Barton, Elizabeth Gaskell offers a depiction of Victorian cross-class liaisons through the character of Mary’s Aunt Esther, who ran away with an army officer and lived with him for three years. They had a little girl, but he left her when his regiment was called away. In rapid succession, her business failed, her daughter died, and she became an alcoholic prostitute.1 Gaskell assumed that cross-class matings were between wealthy men and poorer women, that they were temporary, and that the lower-class woman paid the price for

in Living in sin
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

4 Middle-class medicine It is well known that Englishmen are in the main opposed to any and every new system with which they are not familiar. Probably to this influence is due the fact, that, with a few exceptions, pay wards are as unknown in this country as the pay hospitals themselves. 1 Sir Henry Burdett

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Theorizing sexual violence during the feminist sex wars of the 1980s
Mara Keire

The clashing sides in what are now known as the feminist sex wars of the 1980s shared similar radical roots in the leftist activism of the 1960s. Well-versed in the thought of Marx, Engels, and Freud, feminists engaged with Mao, Fanon, and Marcuse. Disheartened by misogyny within the New Left, a number of radical women departed the organizations to which they had devoted so much time, but when they did they brought with them the New Left’s theoretical background on the causes of class oppression, the problems of proletarian false consciousness, and the

in Marxism and America
Jane Martin

5 Education and class struggle She advocated for those she represented, the popular control of all schools, non-provided as well as provided; and urged that the schools – elementary, secondary and technical – should be free to all; and that no child should receive education that was in need of food first. As to secular education, she pleaded for this in the interest of justice and expediency. There should be no favour to any one Church in this matter. As to the Bible itself, she would retain that in the schools, side by side with other standard works of

in Making socialists
Lynsey Black

Overwhelmingly, the women prosecuted for murder were rural women of the labouring classes. They came from families without land of their own, who were hired to work in the houses or on the land of others, or families who worked their own modest holdings. Most of the women were economically and socially marginalised. This identity not only shaped the contours of their lives, it also played a role in the killings for which they stood accused, and in the criminal justice responses they faced. In this chapter, I

in Gender and punishment in Ireland
Social rank, imperial identity, and South Asians in Britain 1858–1914

This book focuses on the role of class in the encounter between South Asians and British institutions in the United Kingdom at the height of British imperialism. The leaders of Britain's cricketing institutions recognised the validity of ranks in an Indian social hierarchy which they attempted to translate into British equivalents. Achievement of Kumar Shri Ranjitsinjhi, one of the greatest cricketers of all time was truly an imperial one, combining the cultures and societies of India and Britain to propel him to a prominence that he would not otherwise have attained. The most important government institution to interact with Indians in Britain was the India Office. The National Indian Association was the most popular forum for interaction among Indians in Britain and Britons interested in India. The London City Mission and the Strangers' Home for Asiatics were the prominent inner-city missions to reach out to Indians in London. The book explores the extent to which British institutions treated Indians as British subjects, sharing a common legal and imperial identity with the inhabitants of the British Isles. It identifies patterns of compassion among Britain's elite when interacting with needy Indians in the United Kingdom, and establishes the central role of education in the civilising mission, particularly through scholarships to study in Britain. The book focuses on the ambiguous responses of British institutions to Indian students in the United Kingdom, ranging from accommodation of Indian culture to acquiescence in British bigotry.

The flesh and blood of self-emancipation
Nina Power

7 Thompson’s concept of class: the flesh and blood of self-emancipation Nina Power Few writers have ever done as much to place the lived experience of the working class at the forefront of their work. Thompson is justly renowned for his celebration of ordinary men and women and his vivid portrayal of struggle across the ages. It may seem paradoxical, then, to try to extract something like a ‘concept’ or a ‘theory’ of class from Thompson’s work, especially bearing in mind the arguments he makes against Althusser and Althusserianism in The Poverty of Theory

in E. P. Thompson and English radicalism