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Chris A. Williams

5 Real-time communication 1848–1945 Electronic communications could greatly speed up the various processes of feedback and of control in police organisations. Their use therein was just one aspect of the way that in the nineteenth century they (in Dandeker’s words) ‘unified national populations across time-space’.1 This chapter will examine the ways that telegraph and telephone technology were adopted by police in the nineteenth century, noting how these technologies both fitted into existing practice and re-shaped it. These will also be shown in the context of

in Police control systems in Britain, 1775–1975
Working-class male leisure and ‘good’ citizenship between the wars
Brad Beaven

6 The era of mass communication: workingclass male leisure and ‘good’ citizenship between the wars M ass commercial leisure came of age between the wars. A visit to at least one mass commercial leisure venue, be it a football match, music hall or cinema, had by 1939 become an important weekend ritual for many working men.1 Since professional sport and the music hall had their foundations in Victorian society, contemporary observers tended to divert their critical gaze towards the new technological developments that could dispense ‘popular’ leisure to an

in Leisure, citizenship and working-class men in Britain, 1850–1945
Andrea Mariuzzo

 11 1 Systems and methods for political communication in post-​war Italy The ‘Press and Propaganda’ sections of the large mass membership parties It has long been thought that during Italy’s immediate post-​war period the systems in place for projecting party identities were rudimentary and amateurish; this was the almost unanimous view of advertising staff from the major Italian companies in 1953, when they were interviewed for a survey published in the newspaper La Notte during the general election campaign. ‘The parties’ campaigns are being run by amateurs

in Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War Italy
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Political communication in early modern England

This collection of essays is set up to explore the dynamics of local/national political culture in seventeenth-century Britain, with particular reference to political communication. It examines the degree to which connections were forged between politics in London, Whitehall and Westminster, and politics in the localities, and the patterns and processes that can be recovered. The fundamental goal is to foster a dialogue between two prominent strands within recent historiography, and between the work of social and political historians of the early modern period. Chapters by leading historians of Stuart Britain examine how the state worked to communicate with its people and how local communities, often far from the metropole, opened their own lines of communication with the centre. The volume then is not meant to be an exhaustive study of all forms of political communication but it nevertheless highlights a variety of ways this agenda can be addressed. At present there is ongoing work on subscriptional culture across the nation from petitioning to Protestation, loyal addresses, lobbying and litigation to name but a few. It is hoped that this volume will provide a reminder of the gains to be made by placing political communication at the heart of both social and political history and to provide an impetus for further scholarship.

From parish constable to national computer

Police Control Systems focuses on the way that British police institutions have controlled the individual constable on the ‘front line’. This control has been exercised by a variety of different institutions and individuals, ranging from direct day-to-day input from ‘the community’, responsibility under Common Law, through bureaucratic systems built around exacting codes of rules – and the gradual modification of this process to accommodate a growing professionalism – to the real-time control of officers by radio, coupled with the increasing use of surveillance techniques. This is the first book on police history which looks at how police institutions worked on a day to day level. It challenges the idea that the reformed police of the early nineteenth century were automatically ‘professional’, asserting instead that in most respects they were de-professionalised. It describes the role played in police organisations by books, forms, clerks, and telephones, and looks at how some of this technology was derived from military precedents. It argues that at many - but not all – technical milestones in these institutional developments were precipitated by national security concerns. It ends with an analysis of the development of the Police National Computer in the 1960s and 1970s: a milestone in policing and computing history which has never been explored before.

Language, symbols and myths
Author: Andrea Mariuzzo

The struggle in projects, ideas and symbols between the strongest Communist Party in the West and an anti-Communist and pro-Western government coalition was the most peculiar founding element of the Italian democratic political system after the Second World War.

Until now, most historians have focused their attention on political parties as the only players in the competition for the making of political orientations and civic identities in Italian public opinion. Others have considered Italian political struggle in the 1940s and 1950s in terms of the polarisation between Communism and organised Catholicism, due to the undoubted importance of the Church in Italian culture and social relations.

This book enlarges the view, looking at new aspects and players of the anti-Communist ‘front’. It takes into account the role of cultural associations, newspapers and the popular press in the selection and diffusion of critical judgements and images of Communism, highlighting a dimension that explains the force of anti-Communist opinions in Italy after 1989 and the crisis of traditional parties. The author also places the case of Italian Cold War anti-Communism in an international context for the first time.

The book shows how people have come to approach the writing of imperial histories in the early twenty-first century. It explores the social and political contexts that informed the genesis and development of the Studies in Imperialism series, and the conceptual links it has sought to forge between empire and metropolitan culture. The book provides an insightful account of John MacKenzie's 'Orientalism': the problems of 'power' and 'agency'. The 'MacKenziean moment' needs to be read historically, as a product of the 'delayed arrival of decolonising sensibilities', where contemporary popular phenomena and new types of scholarship integrated Britain and its empire. Sexuality made early appearances in the Series through the publication of 'Empire and Sexuality'. MacKenzie's 'Empire of Nature', 'Imperialism and the Natural World', and 'Museums and Empire' convey the impact of his scholarship in the themes of exploration, environment and empire. The historical geographies of British colonialism have enjoyed a prominent place in the Series, and the book explores the ways in which different 'spatial imaginations' have been made possible. Discussions on colonial policing during the depression years, and on immigrant welfare during and after decolonisation, take their cue from MacKenzie's European Empires and the People. The later nineteenth century witnessed the interaction of many diasporas, which in turn produced new modes of communication. By dealing with the idea of the 'Third British Empire' and the role of the Indian press during and after the British Raj, the book repositions British imperial histories within a broader set of global transformations.

English corporations, Atlantic plantations and literate order, 1557–1650
Dan Beaver

cartographic states across the early modern world has challenged historical interpretations of the culturally specific modes of communication whereby these states established and maintained control of the populations and territories subject to their authority.2 As a historical problem, the communication between centres and provinces in early modern Europe signalled an interpretative shift from narratives of political events and descriptive or functional administrative histories of particular institutions and offices to the analysis of how integrated political societies

in Connecting centre and locality
Abstract only
Andrew Brown and Graeme Small

the scaling back of civic political rights’. Or, ritual was a ‘cheaper way’ than repression to curb urban unrest, its forms providing a means of mass communication for princes to tighten their grip on urban society. 93 However, studies since Pirenne have not ignored the extent to which rulers of the Low Countries were dependent on their towns, or to which the worlds of court and

in Court and civic society in the Burgundian Low Countries c.1420–1530