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Organisation and competition 123 6 Organisation and competition The Manchester Football Association Following the aborted attempt to establish a Manchester–Staffordshire Football Association in 1876 and the establishment of the Lancashire Football Association (Lancashire FA) in 1878, the requirement to establish regular competition and localised rules was recognised in numerous locations around the country. The growth of soccer in Lancashire following the establishment of the county FA demonstrated that formalised competition aided Lancashire’s soccer

in The emergence of footballing cultures

Challenges to societal effects in global competition 3 The persistence of, and challenges to, societal effects in the context of global competition Phil Almond Introduction The notion of the ‘societal effect’, as posited by the Laboratoire d’Economie et de Sociologie du Travail (LEST) school (Maurice et al., 1986), has long represented a bulwark against universalist thinking within research into labour markets, the wider structuration of the wage-employment relationship and organisation studies. The specific methodological commitments of the LEST school itself

in Making work more equal

Lovell Road Primary School to the Leeds Central High School. From there he took articles and became a student in the Law School of Leeds University. In his first year he won the Law Society’s Studentship, the top prize of a national competition. In his final year he obtained a First in the Ll.B examination – the first ever awarded in that examination. During his time at the University he was a member of the first Jewish Students’ Association there. Leaving university with such glowing results, Jos could have expected to find a position with

in Leeds and its Jewish Community

240 The emergence of footballing cultures 11 School, work and leisure By 1919 the Manchester region housed multiple leagues and competitions for all ages and there were tournaments for women, developed during the war, with several factory teams such as those representing female railway workers, ironfounders and area munitions works.1 There was a Manchester Ladies Football League which also played representative games and had sought affiliation to the FA. Women’s football was popular even though the footballing authorities were not supportive, and teams such

in The emergence of footballing cultures

5 Only the strong: Highland Games It has been a good day in Puster Valley. The mountain sun and healthy pints of Tyrolean beer have made the Highlanders’ faces shine. Now the hills are bathed in evening light, the bar works triple shifts, swords and pitchforks are safely tucked away. A folk band has taken to the open air stage, kilts are flying, and the dancing begins. The South Tyrolean Highland Games have been a grand success, even if who has won the competitions remains a mystery to most. Many warriors have skipped the award ceremony in order to get a bite

in Warrior dreams

148 The emergence of footballing cultures 7 Football as a business The Football League The establishment of the Football League in 1888 and Newton Heath’s participation in the Alliance, combined with success in the Manchester Cup, had provided the Manchester clubs with examples of what could be achieved. The Alliance, although not as successful as the Football League, did provide competition and Newton Heath were joined by Ardwick in 1891 after their first success in the Manchester Cup. By the end of the 1891–92 season both clubs wanted to establish

in The emergence of footballing cultures
Manchester, 1840–1919

This book provides a distinctive and original contribution to the historiography of sport, adding considerably to our understanding of the origins of soccer within the Manchester region. It is the first academic study of the development of association football in Manchester and is directly linked to the debates within sports history on football’s origins. Its regional focus informs the wider debate, contextualising the growth of the sport in the city and identifying communities that propagated and developed football. The period 1840–1919 saw Manchester’s association game develop from an inconsequential, occasionally outlawed activity, into a major business with a variety of popular football clubs and supporting industries. This study of Manchester football considers the sport’s emergence, development and establishment through to its position as the city’s leading team sport. What establishes a football culture and causes it to evolve is not simply the history of a few clubs, governing bodies, local leagues or promoting schools, but a conglomeration of all of these. The book is innovative in its approach to the origins of footballing in Manchester, where the sport has generally been assumed not to have existed until the creation of what became Manchester City and Manchester United.

The constructions of belonging

immigrant integration under changing economic and demographic conditions. In this chapter, then, I analyze some of the labour market arguments that have framed discussions of economic integration elsewhere, including questions about working conditions and labour market competition (are immigrants gaining a foothold in the economy, are they ‘taking jobs’ from the Irish-born, how different are their employment conditions from the Irishborn?), and begin to link this analysis to broader questions of societal segregation in terms of citizenship, residence and access to

in Migrations
Abstract only

the organs for club promotion, but local newspapers tended to mention club activity infrequently. The year 1878 is important in the north-­west of England as that was the year when formal football governance occurred locally, with the founding of the Lancashire FA, which aided the formalisation of rules at a local level and a variety of competitions in areas such as Blackburn and Turton became established.3 The inauguration of the Lancashire Cup came in 1879–80, with Darwen as the first winners after beating Blackburn Rovers 3–0 in the final. Although a significant

in The emergence of footballing cultures

-political Indian Seamen’s Welfare League.32 Before the Second World War, the main hub of Bengali settlement was in Canning Town, close to the Docks. But this area was devastated in the Blitz, and many of the post-war settlers established themselves in privately rented rooms in Spitalfields, where Dickensian living conditions meant they met with little competition for tenancies and fewer signs specifying ‘no coloureds’.33 Defensive reactions to racism and discriminatory housing policies have both contributed to 13 Glynn 01_Tonra 01 19/06/2014 12:47 Page 14 14 CLASS, ETHNICITY

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End