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Competition and cooperation?
Régine Le Jan

14 Reichenau and its amici viventes: ­competition and cooperation? Régine Le Jan In the ninth century religious and political domains were closely intertwined:  empire was identified with ecclesia and the royal palace with the sacrum palatium.1 As miles Christi, the emperor, in close cooperation with the bishops, was in charge of the Church – i.e. of Christian society and its salvation – while Carolingian elites, deeply filled by Christian values, were anxious about salvation. Church reform had been a constant preoccupation of Carolingian rulers since at least

in Religious Franks
Hidden narratives of Jewish settlement and movement in the inter-war years
Tony Kushner

sixty-five – a growth from around 100 individuals to over 300. 6 Most of this increase was due to inward migration from other parts of Britain, most notably the East End of London. It reflected, as a pull factor, the growth of Southampton whose population increased from just over 100,000 to over 175,000 from 1901 to 1931. 7 It also represented the push factor – the economic misery and intense competition within primary immigrant settlement areas such as the East End. While the fledgling Jewish communities of Basingstoke and Aldershot struggled to survive in the

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Abstract only
Religion and power in the Frankish Kingdoms: studies in honour of Mayke de Jong

This book, written in honour of Mayke De Jong, offers twenty-five essays focused upon the importance of religion to Frankish politics. It deals with religious discourse and political polemic in studies that take up the themes of identity, and the creative deployment of the language of the Old Testament within Frankish society. The book explores how the use of ethnic rhetoric in a Christian context shaped medieval perceptions of community. It shows that the Carolingian way of dealing with the Adoptionist challenge was to allow a conversation between the Spanish bishops and their Frankish opponents to take place. Charlemagne's role in the Vita Alcuini as a guardian of orthodoxy who sought to settle a controversy by organising and supervising a theological debate was striking. The book also discusses the admonition of an abbot of Frankish origin who came from southern France and made his monastic career in southern Italy. It showcases three letter manuscripts that share certain features but are different in other aspects. The first manuscript is a collection of the Moral Letters from Seneca to his pupil Lucilius , Paris , BnF, lat. 8658A. The book demonstrates that the lists of amici, viventes et defuncti reflected how the royal monastery was interacting with ruling elites, at different levels, and how such interactions were an essential part of its identity. It also examines the context of Monte Cassino's fading into the background, in the conviction that both political and religious concerns were at play.

The role of Noah’s wife in the Chester play of Noah’s Flood
Lawrence Besserman

we mon [ may ] nothing else do. Women been weak to underfo [ undertake ] any great travail [ major work ]. 12 Uxor's declaration of women's weakness is ironic. Bringing in the timber puts her in the lead in the implicit power games the characters are playing. 13 The subtle or not-so-subtle husband/wife competition

in Enacting the Bible in medieval and early modern drama
Kathleen G. Cushing

, including the rising castellans, who were fearful of eternal damnation, but who were also looking, in the face of competition, to improve or at least to cement their social position on earth. 15 In exchange for spiritual services such as prayers and masses for the dead, burial within the monasteries’ cemeteries, commemoration in the monasteries’ liturgical round, and the all-important association with the holy saints who were the monasteries’ most important patrons, the nobility conceded their lands, their rights and even the memory of their families to those best placed

in Reform and papacy in the eleventh century
Open Access (free)
The change in mentality
Simha Goldin

halakhic position of Rabbenu Tam, it is rooted in a mentality of competition for those Jews whom the Christians, from the Jewish point Goldin, Apostasy and Jewish identity.indd 114 20/08/2014 12:34:47 Conclusions: The change in mentality 115 of view, had tried to convert in missionary fashion. The halakhic decision here derives from the mental attitude towards this competition. The power with which it dismissed the sympathetic attitude that might have been expected towards the exceptional case of a child who died after his parents had converted him to Christianity

in Apostasy and Jewish identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe
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Rosamond McKitterick

Régine Le Jan in her study of the nomina amicorum viventium, or ‘living friends’, of the monastery of Reichenau. These comprise members of the Carolingian royal family, bishop, abbots, priests and lay counts. Le Jan interprets the list as a representation of an ordered Christian society that embodies not only the connections between the monastery and the secular world but also competition between aristocratic families and the underlying ideas of peace, love and unity in Carolingian ideology Excerpts from Justinian’s Novels relating to Church property preserved in

in Religious Franks
Mairi Cowan

times ‘quhen neid is to the honor of the town’. 116 In Dunfermline, a significant proportion of guild money went directly to the support of the parish church, and the guild supervized the collection of ‘light silver’, a fund used for the lighting of the parish church with candles. 117 Although some historians have suggested that guilds acted in competition with the parish and drew away its revenues

in Death, life, and religious change in Scottish towns, c.1350–1560
Kathleen G. Cushing

. Alarmed that the Christian community might be divided by competition for the moral high ground, Augustine had adopted a pessimistic view of human sexuality, perhaps in an effort to disabuse the claims to purity being advanced by the ascetic movement. John Cassian, however, who advocated the rigorous control of the mind – because mental fluxus might issue in surplus bodily fluxus – saw the occasion of a seminal emission as the opportunity for concerted self-examination. Like Gregory I, however, Cassian also saw voluntary abstaining from ritual as advisable. 10 Yet

in Reform and papacy in the eleventh century
Tony Kushner

make a living beyond the intense competition of the capital. Harris moved to Bournemouth to ‘set up business as a craftsman leatherworker’ and, surviving well beyond his hundredth birthday, became the longest serving member of its Hebrew Congregation. 63 The rapid growth of Bournemouth’s Jewish community was no accident. It has been noted that in the eighteenth century ‘there was no such place as Bournemouth’ and by 1851 its population was still less than 700. 64 In fact, its development into a modern town coincided with the period of mass

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066