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J.W.M. Hichberger

concerns lay behind the establishment of a Royal Commission to consider the interior decoration of the palace. The commission’s terms of reference proclaim a broad programme for using the competitions to ‘facilitate the Promotion of the Fine Arts in this Country’. 4 The commissioners were for the most part connoisseurs and collectors, ‘art experts’ and painters. Their chairman was the new

in Images of the army
Missions, the colonial state and constructing a health system in colonial Tanganyika
Michael Jennings

than the potential to challenge its policies as they affected medical mission services that presented the real opportunity for a new faith sector to flex its muscles and demonstrate its strength through unity. ‘Political implications’: cooperation and competition between the MMC and the colonial state If the primary impetus for the establishment of

in Beyond the state
Freda Harcourt

it. Though there had always been rumours of competition, 1 from 1847 P&O had to deal with rivals of real substance. Australia and the India & Australia Mail Steam Packet Company 2 In 1770, Captain James Cook found the east coast of Australia, and by November 1792, a ship had arrived in Sydney from North America with cargo to trade. Other ships soon followed. With the advent

in Flagships of imperialism
Open Access (free)
The Colonial Medical Service in British Africa
Editor: Anna Greenwood

A collection of essays about the Colonial Medical Service of Africa in which a group of distinguished colonial historians illustrate the diversity and active collaborations to be found in the untidy reality of government medical provision. The authors present important case studies in a series of essays covering former British colonial dependencies in Africa, including Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zanzibar. These studies reveal many new insights into the enactments of colonial policy and the ways in which colonial doctors negotiated the day-to-day reality during the height of Imperial rule in Africa. The book provides essential reading for scholars and students of colonial history, medical history and colonial administration.

Unity in diversity at royal celebrations
Susie Protschky

Photographs of games and competitions, traditional dances adapted to new purposes and the distinctive costumes of folk and ethnic ‘types’ at royal celebrations appeared frequently in the photographs of European elites throughout the Dutch colonial world. 3 In the Netherlands East Indies, such photographs attest to the labour migrations encouraged or coerced by Dutch colonial agriculture and industry. They depict the mixed and mobile Indonesian communities whose cultural forms were given a space for display at festivals for

in Photographic subjects
Hao Gao

private merchants. As for why the government took the decision, Webster's and Kumagai's analyses have presented a range of factors, neither of which favoured the EIC. Economically, since the opening of the India trade to the private merchants in 1813, the EIC's trade with India had declined rapidly. The Company's financial status deteriorated over the 1820s. Britain also faced increasing competition from American companies in the Chinese market. The threat fuelled the anti-monopoly campaigners’ argument that, unless trade with China was thrown open, the British

in Creating the Opium War
The iconography of Anglo-American inter-imperialism
Stephen Tuffnell

. The bluster and aggressiveness of British expansion was also referenced in the more unlikely figure of an anthropomorphised bull. Like the rampaging lion, John Bull as a bull was used to express the disproportionate and unwieldy power of Britain. As European imperial competition surged over access to Chinese markets and territorial concessions in the aftermath of the Sino-Japanese War, William Dalrymple's centrefold of March 1898 parodied John Bull as the Bull in a China Shop ( Figure 4.6 ): a warning to the ‘European trouble-makers’ if ‘England doesn't get free

in Comic empires
Anna Bocking-Welch

confident in determining what the Commonwealth was not, the society often found it difficult to articulate in precise terms what purpose it did serve and how it should determine Britain's relationship with the ‘outside world’. 39 In the Examiners’ Report for the society's 1966 Schools Group Project Competition students were said to be using their essays as an opportunity ‘to fit themselves mentally, emotionally, and spiritually to live up to the transcendence that springs from the Commonwealth idea. They could never disclose this in words but their works declared “the

in British civic society at the end of empire
Emily Whewell

law as legal parameters and only had the power to award compensation. Yao Yong has argued that these Meetings strengthened the notion of borders, sovereignty and nationality between the two empires. 2 Local people, especially headmen, became aware of these concepts and were able to utilise the jurisdictional competition between China and Britain to pursue their own interests. 3 This chapter takes a British perspective, examining the role of consuls. As Yao has contended, these Meetings often witnessed political and cultural clashes between British and Chinese

in Law across imperial borders
Abstract only
J.W.M. Hichberger

French and aristocratic; his great-grandfather, the Marquis Desanges, had settled in England in 1742 as a political exile. The artist was willing, when it seemed useful, to exploit his claim to the title chevalier . Desanges was an aspirant History painter, competing unsuccessfully in the Westminster Hall competition. He was also unsuccessful in getting such works as his Excommunication of Robert, King

in Images of the army