(a) Temporary and unimportant changes to the compositionofgovernments (such as the brief period of SPD minority government in 1982) have been ignored. The party listed first provided the federal chancellor.
(b) GB/BHE (the Refugee party) left the coalition in 1955.
(c) FVP: the Free People’s Party (Freie Volkspartei) was the short-lived party formed by the former FDP ministers and their supporters, who
Raj Chari, John Hogan, Gary Murphy and Michele Crepaz
practices are in use in the Departments of Finance or Agriculture where the ministers occupy top positions in the WKÖ and the Farmers’ Association (Baunernbund).
As discussed in the section about the nature of lobbying, Austrian political parties and social partners share a substantial part of their membership. As a result, the prohibition of role accumulation for social partners would have undermined the revolving doors between these organisations with consequences for the compositionofgovernment (Crepaz, 2016 ).
Overall, the Austrian lobbying law can