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Kelly Rushton and Owen Price

on a treatment on the basis of a single study or a select number of studies is not recommended. Individual studies may have been poorly conducted and have misleading results, or the findings of the study may conflict with other studies that were not accessed by the health professional. This is why it is important that researchers gather all of the available evidence relating to each treatment, analyse and combine that evidence, and make it available to healthcare professionals in a comprehensible way. This allows professionals, and their patients, to make accurate

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Owen Price and Lauren Walker

. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 25(:4),:355Department of Health (2007) Information sheets 366, doi: 10.1111/inm.12201. and consent forms guidance for researchers and reviewers, version 3.1. London: DH. Seidelman, W. (1996) Nuremberg lamentation: for the forgotten victims of medical science. Flood, C., Bowers, L., and Parkin, D. (2008) British Medical Journal, 313:,1463. Estimating the costs of conflict and containment on adult acute inpatient psychiatric wards. Weindling, P. (2005) Nazi Medicine and the Nursing Economics, 26(:5):,325-30. Nuremberg Trials: From

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Andrew Balmer and Anne Murcott

, it would be important to pay attention to how this definition of intimacy is used to understand acquaintanceship in the remainder of the book. Whether you are examining a theoretical or empirical text, it is important to understand how authors define their concepts as this can often be a source of conflict, disagreement or tension between different authors or academic traditions. One source of such conflict can be related to the use of different methods and methodological traditions. The academic debate in sociology regarding the use of concepts in relation

in The craft of writing in sociology
Abstract only
Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

of circumstances, it is necessary to define some kind of representative sample for a wider group of citizens. Engagement is often searching for ideal types, participants without a view, opinion or bias, which might defeat the object of consulting in the first place (Thorpe and Gregory, 2010 ). Where disagreements do occur, publics can easily be depicted as ‘resistors’, labelling ‘anti’ publics and ‘pro’ experts, whereby good engagement has too easily become associated with the absence of conflict and appearance of agreement (Thorpe and Gregory, 2010 ). It has

in Creative research communication
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Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

any indirect or subtle arrangements that you put in place which could disadvantage a particular individual or group. This might include all sorts of things, such as having an unsuitable venue, poor design of text-based materials or selecting a date which conflicts with a religious holiday. Whilst it’s impossible to account for the needs of every possible participant in designing a research communication activity, especially if you are catering for a general audience, there are choices which you might make, like the time of day it is scheduled, that ultimately

in Creative research communication
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Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

channel feelings of nervousness into excellent performance. Finally, in face-to-face activities people may say things with which we strongly disagree. Box 4.4 provides suggestions on how to deal with conflict and controversy in face-to-face communication settings. If your subject matter is likely to be controversial or challenging, consider having the support of a facilitator or moderator who will be trained in dealing with such situations and will be able to help alleviate the situation. For the most part, though, people will want to have

in Creative research communication
Andrew Balmer and Anne Murcott

it is very important to check not only that it indicates how you have chosen to approach the question and that this is then reflected in your argument right the way through, but also that you do not include things in your opening paragraphs that disappear from your essay’s argument. Essay question: Were 1970s feminists right to see marriage and children as oppressing women? Excerpt from essay’s first paragraph : This essay examines the arguments of two structural conflict feminist theorists: Firestone and Delphy. These theories

in The craft of writing in sociology
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Andrew Balmer and Anne Murcott

, gives humans individuality and subjectivity but treats non-human animals as an undifferentiated mass; (2) this is despite the anthropomorphic tendency to also give animals human qualities; and (3) that anthropocentrism thus generally trumps anthropomorphism when the two come into conflict. The difficulty the student has had can be seen in how she has got a bit lost halfway through the sentence, as it jumps about wildly from point to point and her argument becomes unclear. This is because she is trying to make three points at once. It is therefore important to ensure

in The craft of writing in sociology
Abstract only
Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

discipline to understand the complexity of these distinct research processes. Furthermore, the way that the product of the research is expressed might also be quite different: how do those whose research domain values academic journal publications value an artist’s body of work? Zwijnenberg ( 2009 ) reminds us that the product of one knowledge domain should not be judged by the standards of the other. These different practices and expectations can create conflicts, particularly in the areas of project design, expectations and working methodologies. Notwithstanding these

in Creative research communication