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Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

3 Identity conflict A basic feature of the universal human condition is the need to find commonality with others and form larger associations at the individual, group, and community level, and this is at the heart of the concept of identity. A variety of factors, ranging from physical attributes, language, and culture to societal norms and structures work to promote a selfawareness and self-consciousness of sameness with a larger collective. A significant positive benefit resulting from this shared identity is the ability to provide protection and security

in African security in the twenty-first century
Screening war in Kosovo and Chechnya
Cerwyn Moore

4 Globalisation and conflict: screening war in Kosovo and Chechnya It may be argued that one of the defining features of contemporary world politics has been the alleged resurgence of insecurity as a source of different forms of war.1 The end of the Cold War thus led to a reconsideration of questions of meaning in IR, alongside a broader set of debates about ‘asymmetrical’, ‘fourth generation’ and ‘irregular warfare’. At around the same time the Gulf War issued in a consideration about the role of technology, gesturing toward a form of state-to-state conflict

in Contemporary violence
Maurice Hayes

14 Moving out of conflict Dr Maurice Hayes Introduction When Maurice Hayes lectured on ‘Moving out of conflict’ on 4 June 2007, his title seemed especially apt, since the devolved administration which had come into existence as a result of the St Andrews Agreement was scarcely a month old. While it might have been tempting to dwell upon the political implications of what had been, by any measure, a remarkable transformation of the political dynamic, he was sufficiently immersed in the complex fabric of Northern Ireland affairs to reflect more broadly on how

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz and Julian Cooper

Bacon 03 3/2/06 10:24 AM Page 48 3 The Chechen conflict In September 1999, Russian federal forces moved into the Republic of Chechnya, a constituent part of the Russian Federation located in the North-Caucasus region. This military campaign came to be known as the second Chechen war, following on from the first Chechen war of 1994–96, and an uneasy period of peace and de facto self-rule lasting for three years between 1996 and 1999. This peace was decisively broken when in August 1999 a unit of Chechen fighters under the leadership of former Soviet General

in Securitising Russia
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

8 Resource conflict and the environment Resource conflict and environmental degradation are in reality two-sides of the same security challenge coin. Both address the issue of natural resource abundance and scarcity and how societies deal with these problems and their implications, but from vastly different perspectives. While the first addresses access and control of existing natural resources, the second addresses the environmental impact of the misuse of or declining resources. Regardless of the perspective, both present a serious threat to African peace and

in African security in the twenty-first century
Governmentality of participation and strategic veto in Bihar and Jharkhand, India
Amit Prakash

3 Political economy of conflict and peace: governmentality of participation and strategic veto in Bihar and Jharkhand, India Amit Prakash Mainstream governance literature is rooted in a technocratic approach to ‘resolving’ policy conundrums and has an uneasy approach to conflict. Conflict is seen as an aberration, which can and must be ‘resolved’ by construction of adequate policy responses to conflict. Embedded within this approach is a presumption that it is possible to create a system of governance in which the policy choices are limited to merely finding

in Cultures of governance and peace
Janel B. Galvanek and Hans J. Giessmann

7 Everyday resistance to conflict resolution measures and opportunities for systemic conflict transformation Janel B. Galvanek and Hans J. Giessmann Introduction Initiatives and measures for conflict resolution are often met with resistance from various conflict stakeholders, often those groups and individuals whom the measures are designed to assist. Much of this resistance is labelled by the owners of such initiatives as ‘spoiler’ activity – seen as opposed to conflict resolution in general – and is therefore disregarded. However, not all resistance should be

in Cultures of governance and peace
Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

. Likewise, we believe these themes deserve more investigation in the service of peacebuilding, so we aim to begin that journey in this chapter. To date, practitioner self-care is underexplored in Peace and Conflict Studies, even though peacebuilders themselves could benefit immensely from further enquiry in this area, which could in turn strengthen the depth and quality of their work as facilitators for peace. Indeed, the research for this book has suggested that, through dance and creative movement, participants had an opportunity to experience themselves in a way that

in Dancing through the dissonance
Perspectives from Jammu and Kashmir, Cyprus and Bosnia-Herzegovin
Elena B. Stavrevska, Sumona DasGupta, Birte Vogel and Navnita Chadha Behera

4 Agency, autonomy and compliance in (post-)conflict situations: perspectives from Jammu and Kashmir, Cyprus and Bosnia-Herzegovina Elena B. Stavrevska, Sumona DasGupta, Birte Vogel and Navnita Chadha Behera Introduction The nature of conflict has changed dramatically in the twenty-first century with non-conventional wars, terrorist attacks and civil strife assuming centre stage. State forces are pitted not just against each other but against non-state actors. Terrorists often target civil society as well as symbols of the state, while the Westphalian nation

in Cultures of governance and peace
Amikam Nachmani

of Turkey’s unequivocal readiness to serve as the West’s policeman in the Middle East. The fifteen-year period under consideration confronted Turkey with an assortment of problems, whose ramifications are vital for an understanding of Ankara’s moves during the Gulf crisis, in the war itself, and in the course of the 1990s. Among these problems were the apparent decline in Turkey’s strategic value due to the decline in inter-bloc rivalries; Turkey’s wearisome – and, some will add, fruitless – courtship of the EU; the Greco-Turkish conflict over

in Turkey: facing a new millennium