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Antonius C. G. M. Robben

Thousands of people died in Rotterdam during the Second World War in more than 300 German and Allied bombardments. Civil defence measures had been taken before the German invasion of the Netherlands in May 1940 and these efforts were intensified during the country’s occupation as Allied bombers attacked Rotterdam’s port, factories, dry docks and oil terminals. Residential neighbourhoods were also hit through imprecise targeting and by misfired flak grenades. Inadequate air raid shelters and people’s reluctance to enter them caused many casualties. The condition of the corpses and their post-mortem treatment was thus co-constituted by the relationship between the victims and their material circumstances. This article concludes that an understanding of the treatment of the dead after war, genocide and mass violence must pay systematic attention to the materiality of death because the condition, collection and handling of human remains is affected by the material means that impacted on the victims.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Ernesto Schwartz-Marin
Arely Cruz-Santiago

The article will present the findings of ethnographic research into the Colombian and Mexican forensic systems, introducing the first citizen-led exhumation project made possible through the cooperation of scholars, forensic specialists and interested citizens in Mexico. The coupling evolution and mutual re-constitution of forensic science will be explored, including new forms of citizenship and nation building projects – all approached as lived experience – in two of Latin America‘s most complex contexts: organised crime and mass death.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Finn Stepputat

, international peace missions and others who manage dead bodies in ways that overlap or conflict with legally institutionalised state practices. Thus, in general terms, the aim of this volume is to explore how the management of dead bodies is related to the constitution, territorialisation and membership of political and moral communities that enframe lives in various parts of the world. Unlike a previous wave of interest in the history of death 2 which during the 1980s focused on societal attitudes towards death and the effects of death in terms of interpersonal relations

in Governing the dead
Constructing population in the search for disease genes
Steve Sturdy

much as possible of the sheer diversity of human genetic constitutions: the Human Genome Diversity Project and National Geographic's Genographic Project are cases in point. Other initiatives – often framed in terms of documenting genetic ‘variation’ rather than ‘diversity’ – claim a more practical orientation towards identifying gene variants of medical significance: the International Haplotype Mapping (HapMap) Project and the African Genome Variation Project exemplify this latter approach to human genetics. In explaining the medical value of such work, advocates

in Global health and the new world order
Open Access (free)
Claudio Alvarado Lincopi

The Afterword positions the book within the contemporary context of the metropolitan city of Santiago, addressing the recent socio-political uprising that hit the country as a whole in October 2019, and the ongoing process of re-writing of the political Constitution that resulted from it. Bringing to the fore a sharp critique of colonial symbols, national identity and neoliberal Chile, the Afterword questions the search for ‘Europeanness’ – in architecture, spatial organisation and urban landmarks – and the related ideology of whiteness embedded in the capital, a city always imagined ‘without indios’. Making a claim instead for a racially mixed and impure city, it highlights the overlapping and exchanges between the MapsUrbe project and the recent ethics and aesthetics of protest enacted during the October 2019 uprisings.

in Performing the jumbled city
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

narrative has emerged in which the ‘valorisation’ of the resistance takes a central place and is anchored in the constitution. Among the living, this has meant the payment of pensions and compensation to veterans, public recognition, medals, public holidays and ceremonies. For the dead heroes of the Falintil, national monuments have been erected and a central heroes’ cemetery built. The official narratives stress heroism, sacrifice and above all unity, a term that resonates strongly in a society where various fault lines came violently to the fore in 2006 in a crisis that

in Governing the dead
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The name dispute and the Prespa Agreement
Rozita Dimova

). The dissolution of the Yugoslav Federation at the beginning of the 1990s paved the way for the independence of the Republic of Macedonia, which was approved in a popular referendum on 7 September 1991 and became official with the passing of the Constitution on 17 November 1991. During the 1991–2019 period, the border carried different names depending on who was speaking: the border between Republic of Macedonia/Greece when denoted by the Macedonian government and citizens, and also by the majority of the international public; or the border between Greece/FYROM when

in Border porosities
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
Sévane Garibian

of Human Rights,19 but as yet undefined and, moreover, absent from Argentinian law. The national context of this period is even more interesting and richer than in 1994, when a profound reform of the Argentinian constitution was made in a spirit of post-dictatorship ‘democratic consolidation’.20 The latter enabled the principal international instruments for the HRMV.indb 47 01/09/2014 17:28:35 48  Sévane Garibian protection of human rights to be integrated into the Argentinian juridical order, giving them, in addition, a constitutional value in the normative

in Human remains and mass violence
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Creative belonging
Paul Carter

not originate as a matter of right in the people to delegate or elect, but as a grant or boon.’  5 Australia, unilaterally claimed as Crown land, and selectively divided into land grants that could be privately owned, reproduced this model. For this reason, on Paine's argument that ‘A Constitution is a thing antecedent to a Government’, the Australian Constitution is a legal fiction. 6 Nicolacopoulos and Vassilacopoulos put it

in Translations, an autoethnography
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Ethnicity in statistics and the functions of nationalism
Rebecca Pates

to acquisition. According to the classical perspective on German nationalism, belonging is based on descent, resulting in a closed form of nationalism, making it impossible for someone of the ‘wrong’ parentage to ever become German (Brubaker, 2009 ). Yet this perspective is easily falsified as a cliché. It is neither true in terms of the Constitution nor in terms of everyday

in Policing race, ethnicity and culture