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Antonius C. G. M. Robben

Thousands of people died in Rotterdam during the Second World War in more than 300 German and Allied bombardments. Civil defence measures had been taken before the German invasion of the Netherlands in May 1940 and these efforts were intensified during the country’s occupation as Allied bombers attacked Rotterdam’s port, factories, dry docks and oil terminals. Residential neighbourhoods were also hit through imprecise targeting and by misfired flak grenades. Inadequate air raid shelters and people’s reluctance to enter them caused many casualties. The condition of the corpses and their post-mortem treatment was thus co-constituted by the relationship between the victims and their material circumstances. This article concludes that an understanding of the treatment of the dead after war, genocide and mass violence must pay systematic attention to the materiality of death because the condition, collection and handling of human remains is affected by the material means that impacted on the victims.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Art, process, archaeology

This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies including prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas and Dynastic Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images. The book offers a New Materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is divided into three sections: ‘Emergent images’, which focuses on practices of making; ‘Images as process’, which examines the making and role of images in prehistoric societies; and ‘Unfolding images’, which focuses on how images change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognise the dynamic and changeable character of images.

Being and becoming in faience figurines of Middle Kingdom ancient Egypt
Rune Nyord

incorporating both of these elements. In his discussion of a spider weaving a web, Uexküll (2010: 190, cf. Buchanan, 2008) argued that the spider has to be ‘fly-like’ in anticipating the body and behaviour of the fly it is meant to catch: ‘to be fly-like means that the spider has taken up certain elements of the fly in its constitution’. This idea may be of inspiration in thinking about the work done by the hippo figurine, which can thus accurately be said to be ‘taken up in the constitution’ of the mummy. In other words, we can think of the mummy as becoming ‘hippo-like’ by

in Images in the making
Abstract only
Ian Wedde

 – how I got to be present? The issue of whether or not the presence of memory is paradoxical will always be both a phenomenological and an epistemological one: what and how do I perceive, how do remembered perceptions inform the constitution of a present, and what and how do I learn from this? And what, indeed, do I learn from being conscious of – perceiving – the phenomenon of memory as a reticulation of the past in the present? The German writer W.G. Sebald made this paradoxical dynamic the basis of much of his work, in particular his 1992 novels Die Ausgewanderten

in Curatopia
Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

Ottoman Empire. By 1867, the country had become de facto independent, though formal recognition had to wait until the Congress of Berlin, in 1878. Lastly, in 1882 Serbia became a kingdom. These changes in the formal status of the country were followed by a complete transformation upon a Western and Central European model: the abolition of feudalism, adoption of several constitutions, construction of roads and railways, reorganisation of administration and so forth (Petrovich, 1976; Pavlowitch, 1999; Luković, 2011). First and foremost, the winds of change blew ROBERTS

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
From Samoa with Love? at the Museum Fünf Kontinente, Munich
Hilke Thode-Arora

example P. Tapsell, Waka Wairua – Imagining Another Way of Viewing Our Pacific. Keynote Lecture, 21st annual conference ‘Empires and Cultures of the Pacific’, of the New Zealand Studies Association. Vienna, 2 July 2015.  7 See for example K. Message, ‘Contested Sites of Identity and the Cult of the New: The Centre Cultural Tjibaou and the Constitution of Culture in New Caledonia’, ReCollections, 1:1 (2006), 7–28.  8 See for example A. Gell, Art and Agency. An Anthropological Theory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998); M. O’Hanlon and R.L. Welsch (eds), Hunting the

in Curatopia
Catherine J. Frieman

depending on the needs and constitution of a given hospital, but also because equipment that might benefit one hospital could cause significant problems for another because of different staffing profiles, budgets, community needs, etc. Beyond these practicalities, on an individual level adoption is also mediated by emotion. Wood and Moreau’s ( 2006 ) research into the adoption of digital cameras indicates that the emotional responses experienced by people as they learn about and trial new technologies have a statistically significant impact on their decision to adopt and

in An archaeology of innovation
Abstract only
Artefacts and disciplinary formation
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

the opinion that the [Egyptian] Collections are of great value and public interest, but in virtue of their constitution as a Natural History Museum, and the space and funds at their disposal, they feel themselves unable to take charge of the Collections.’23 So the stalemate remained for some years. But museums do not operate outside society – even university collections shape and reflect popular tastes – and the popularity of the Egyptian material was difficult to ignore. When Sir Flinders and Lady Petrie delivered their annual lectures at the Museum (funded by

in Nature and culture
Cultural historical and osteoarchaeological perspectives
Sophie L. Newman
David M. Turner

‘sooner disabled, and frequently leave underground work at 40 to 45’ (Children's Employment Commission, 1842b : 576). Similarly, in Scotland, Dr S. Scott Alison noted that above the age of 30 ‘it is rare to find a perfectly healthy collier’; by 40 the fast decline of muscular strength meant that many men were capable of no more than two or three days work a week. If a miner survived beyond his 50th year ‘by dint of greater strength of constitution, of temperate habits, and attention to the preservation of health’, he was still often left ‘broken down and decrepit

in The material body
Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

commun”, a common heritage, about what needed to be protected (Choay 1992 (French): 76ff; 2001 (English): 63ff; Gamboni 1997 : 17ff; Schildgen 2008 : 121ff). As the art historian Derek Gillman has pointed out, Grégoire must have been inspired by the politician and philosopher Edmund Burke, who had written the following in Reflections on the Revolution in France ( 1790 : 47): You will observe, that from Magna Charta to the Declaration of Right [ sic ], it has been the uniform policy of our constitution to claim and assert our liberties, as an ‘entailed

in Heritopia