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Stephen Hobden

constructivism? Constructivism is a broad school of thought but by the term ‘social constructivism’ we are specifically considering the work of Alexander Wendt. Wendt sought, in his own words, to build a bridge between the more radical forms of constructivism – expressly poststructuralist approaches – and traditional International Relations, in particular, Waltz's neorealism, and the ‘neo’ versions of liberalism (Wendt, 1992 : 394). His approach to achieving this was to bring together the ontology of more radical forms of constructivism with a positivist epistemology. In

in Critical theory and international relations
Mark Olssen

best method for harmonizing conflicting interests. Constructivism is another similarity between a Foucauldian and a contract approach. Constructivism sees ethical values as the outcome of the decision process. 18 It includes a sense of normative discourse as constructed in history and operating under certain specified conditions, from which can be derived justifiable principles of practice. Scanlon argues that: a constructivist account of the normative domain is appealing because it seems to offer a way of explaining how normative judgments can have

in Constructing Foucault’s ethics
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Rainer Forst and the history of toleration
Teresa M. Bejan

. 61 and ‘The Right to Justification: Moral and Political, Transcendental and Historical. Reply to Seyla Benhabib, Jeffrey Flynn and Matthias Fritsch’, Political Theory , 43:6 (2015), 822–837. 3 His ambition in building this system is matched by the openness and grace with which he acknowledges his debts to others – including Jürgen Habermas (under whom Forst completed his doctorate in 1993), as well as Iris Marion Young, ‘relational egalitarians’ like Elizabeth Anderson and Samuel Scheffler, and John Rawls, particularly of ‘the Kantian constructivism period in

in Toleration, power and the right to justification
Melissa S. Williams

relationships – rather than in an appeal to natural, transcendental or other foundationalist or metaphysical truth-claims. Among the many virtues of Forst’s approach is the complexity and nuance of his constructivism, which draws insights from formal-pragmatic reconstruction (like Habermas’s discourse ethics) and political constructivism (aimed at clarifying the conditions under which members of a collective can autonomously generate the order of rules and norms that bind them), but is also informed by his past practice of historical reconstruction in his magisterial study

in Toleration, power and the right to justification
Critical theory and the affective turn
Simon Mussell

:  these include older, cruder versions of materialism (in particular, structural Marxism or ‘historical materialism’), as well as the linguistic idealism and radical constructivism of the so-​ called ‘cultural turn’ of the late 1970s onward. The historical materialism of structural Marxism is dismissed as being economically deterministic, placing too much emphasis on the conditions of social (re)production and human labour. Meanwhile, the ‘cultural turn’ –​as an extension of the earlier ‘linguistic turn’ inaugurated by philosophers of language19 –​is seen as giving

in Critical theory and feeling
Open Access (free)
Time and space
Saurabh Dube

histories of human belonging that never constitute a one or a whole” as existing alongside yet exceeding the authority of historicism. 62 How are these measures connected to questions of time and space? Consider now pervasive constructivism(s), ever in the air, that project totalities and universals as principally insubstantial because they are socially constructed. Against these presumptions, Chakrabarty

in Subjects of modernity
Stephen Hobden

in International Relations, but ponders the lack of impact of this research, worrying whether it might be becoming depoliticised. This is particularly the case with social constructivism, as we discussed in Chapter 3 . Social constructivism has risen to be a dominant paradigm within a very short time but lacks, Kurki claims, the political programme of more critical approaches. Kurki has a concern that Critical International Relations Theory may be becoming fragmented, with theorists more concerned to protect their particular patch than engage in more coherent

in Critical theory and international relations
Thomas Osborne

simplistically, something reflexive and thus ethico-critical about liberalism. A space is opened up between the activity of government and its application as knowledge, a space that might be filled, perhaps, by publicity and the regulated agonisms of politics. Indeed ‘politics’ in its modern – it is almost tempting to say modernist – sense becomes possible. We might say that neo-liberalism deploys autonomy in a different way: it abolishes liberalism’s naturalistic understanding of the population and the economy and seeks out, instead, a constructivism of government

in The structure of modern cultural theory
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What is it, and why should we study it?
Stephen Hobden

Constructivism in the form initially proposed by Alexander Wendt. Based on the definitions of critical theory that we derive in this chapter, we will examine whether it is justified to designate these two perspectives as not being examples of critical theory. We will discover that these assessments are more complicated than might originally appear to be the case. Chapters 3 , 4 and 5 respectively address the three questions of knowledge, power and practice. Chapter 3 will assess the ways in which various theoretical perspectives

in Critical theory and international relations
Chris Wyatt

socialist constructivism. The assured outcome is that a class of wage-labourers often have only limited opportunities to choose which particular employer to sell their labour-power to. And even when genuine competition does break out, due to the collective lack of ownership of the means of production, the chances of workers applying their own knowledge to pursue their independent

in Associational anarchism