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A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

responsiveness among humanitarian agencies, and the value of seeking knowledge from outside the traditional parameters of humanitarian studies. The main body of the article outlines the aims and implementation of the project and puts forward four principles on which a workable model of reflective practice might be developed. Our objective is not to establish a single transferable framework for historical reflection. Rather, we hope to open a conversation about the ways in which the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

-year undergraduate students reading International Development Studies and International Relations at the University of Portsmouth. My module on ‘Rethinking Aid and Development’ explores the implications of decolonial engagement with ideas and practices of international solidarity. Students have said: ‘We should be assigned readings like this from year one.’ So I ask the question here: ‘What if we were to start our humanitarian conversation with Sabaratnam?’ Of course, other works have questioned the value of international intervention. But it is necessary to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

violence. Despite the same broad objective, two distinct labels are used – ‘civilian protection’ and ‘staff security’ – and each designates a distinct set of policies and practices. Starting from the perspective that the reasons for such a distinction are not self-evident, the current article seeks to draw attention to the differences between staff-security and civilian-protection strategies, and to stimulate a conversation about the extent to which the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

one problem: the video wasn’t real. It was the creation of 34-year-old director Lars Klevberg, and it was filmed in Malta with child actors, using a set from the movie Gladiator . Klevberg said he wanted the video to start a conversation about the impact of war on children. Critics said he had gone too far: that the video created confusion and cynicism, which undermined attempts to address conflict in Syria ( Salyer, 2014 ). ‘Syrian hero boy’ was not an isolated incident. When audiences look online for information about humanitarian crises, they

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

paradigm of conversation, transnational exchange and narrative plurality’ ( Footitt, 2017 : 521). The second insight we draw for humanitarian ethics relates to questions of justice and fairness. In humanitarian ethics, emphasis is placed on the availability and distribution of assistance and resources during crisis. Less attention has been given to epistemic justice and power asymmetries in the ‘credibility economy’ ( Fricker, 2007 ) that exists in a humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

control can lead to loss of life. It should only be used in situations where despite all efforts the population continues to resist an alternative approach’ ( UNHCR, n.d.a ). So-called ‘night raids’ are a similar phenomenon. In conversation, a former Norwegian Refugee Council camp manager in DR Congo described to me how night raids were used to facilitate aid delivery to a war-affected population. In the camp, located outside Goma, there had been unrest

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

, is eroding. Both the right and the left have come to see in these liberal mechanisms barriers to the realisation of their most desired preferences (more aggressive chauvinism, more effective redistribution). Politics at the national level in the West has been shocked back into life after decades of malaise. The insistent questions are no longer technocratic but substantive, with attitudes to ‘the other’ a pivotal part of these conversations globally. In 2018, Freedom House recorded its twelfth consecutive year of decline in freedom worldwide, with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh . Fiddian-Qasmiyeh , E. ( 2018a ), ‘ Palestinian Refugees Lament as Trump Funding Cuts Create Job Insecurity and a Pension Crisis ’, The Conversation , 26 March . Fiddian-Qasmiyeh , E. ( 2018b ), ‘ UNRWA Financial Crisis: The Impact on Palestinian Employees ’, MERIP , 48 : 286 , 33 – 6 . Field , J. ( 2016 ), ‘ “No Voice Can Be Heard Above the Gunfire”: Protection, Partnerships and Politicking in the Syrian Civil War ’, Humanitarian Effectiveness Project , http

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dialogue as normative grounds and object of critique
Naomi Head

these themes have played out in the application of Habermasian theory to IR. Exploring the conversation between Habermas and those who have adopted and critiqued his theoretical position within IR serves to frame the wider debates concerning Habermas’s project and sets out a number of key concerns with his approach. Such concerns elucidate why communicative ethics as it is

in Justifying violence
Abstract only
Ingvild Bode

theories into conversation with (critical) norms research to understand and critically examine the practical application or implementation of fundamental peacekeeping norms (Karlsrud 2016 ; Laurence 2019 ; Paddon Rhoads 2016, 2019 ; Holmes 2019 ; Bode and Karlsrud 2019 ). This analytical conversation between practice theories and norms research has likewise gained significant attention within the wider IR literature as a dynamic approach to studying the emergence and evolution of normative content and meaning (Bode and Huelss 2018 ; Wiener

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory