Thomas Nast and the colonisation of the American West
West solidified, and black Americans suffered under a wave of racist violence, the challenges and opportunities imperialism represented shifted to an international stage. Americans could, as a result, identify colonisation as something that happened ‘over there’ while Native Americans and black Americans continued to insist that it was, in fact, happening right here at home.
There exists no direct link between Nast's work and these later ideas. But they suggest both that Nast's images reflected a wide conversation about the broader implications of
conversation of 16 October he said, ‘The point is: do we kill The
Bulletin or do we kill The
Horne chose to relinquish The
Observer , in a decision that seems coldly rational. Despite his obvious, possessive enthusiasm for his pet magazine – and for the intellectual mission it embodied – he was most likely swayed by the commercial realities of the situation: although in decline, The Bulletin was still selling 27,000 copies to The
play ‘King Naresuan Declares Independence’ ( Somdet phra naresuan phrakat issaraphap , 1934) illustrates. The opening sentences of the play, a conversation between Naresuan and a Siamese nobleman, demonstrate the dramatic force attributed to the meaning of independence: ‘We must recover our independence. Independence is the heart of our life. For any prathet [country] without independence, people of that prathet are not human’ 25 ( Figure 15.2 ).
Like Vajiravudh, Wichit appreciated Naresuan and Taksin because of their martial qualities, a quality that he
broadly. In Son of Heaven: The Problem of the Mikado the author and journalist Willard Price expressed a view of surrender that was widely held at the time: ‘It is a striking fact that whenever intelligent conversation turns to the issue of what-to-do-with-Japan it usually narrows at once to what-to-do-with-the-emperor.’ 10 Moreover, Price went on to warn that ‘what happens in Japan may set the pattern for that Asia, and thus for the world … It is a mistake to think that we shall never have to worry about Japan after we sheer away her conquered territories and shut
Mass photography, monarchy and the making of colonial subjects
An album, barely the size of a hand, commences with a photograph of dawn breaking in the tropics. In black and white, palm trees are silhouetted against high clouds and a dazzling sunrise. A shard of light glimmers on a river in the foreground. The photograph is captioned, ‘Irene born, the Indies awakes’ ( figure 3.1 ). On the next page someone has written out, in long-hand, a telephone conversation between two friends:
Batavia, Princess's Birthday 1939
the existing accounts of the embassy, we cannot know to what extent Macartney was aware of this strategy or whether he had doubted the sincerity of the Chinese. He should have had a clue, because Macartney was eager to have written confirmation of Song Yun's and Chang Lin's words, but he never succeeded in obtaining one. The reason given to him was that promises made in private conversations should not be shown in an official document.
Moreover, to further interpret the embassy's ‘achievements’, Macartney and Staunton maintained that they had
about the enjoyment of those attending. Instead, organisers saw the informal conversation and exchange that the rally facilitated as an important contribution to Rotary's international service work.
To prove the value of the rally on these terms, Rotary cited the Nigerian delegate who reported that the spirit of the gathering had restored her rapidly dwindling faith in the possibility of cooperation between nations of different colours and creeds. 3 By celebrating this renewed faith as a significant outcome, and by framing the international
Rajas, maharajas and others in post-colonial India
Quoted in ‘Royal families: the way we were’, India Today , 31 May 1983, http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/scions-of-erstwhile-indian-ruling-elite-get-a-hold-of-their-double-standard-lives/1/371649.html (accessed 18 April 2019).
25 Jaideep Singh, former maharaja of Baria and Congress MP, in conversation with Sunil Sethi, ‘Royal families: the way we were’, India Today , 31 May 1983 at http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/scions-of-erstwhile-indian-ruling-elite-get-a-hold-of-their-double-standard-lives/1/371649.html (accessed 18 April 2019).
26 See Carol E
hovels imaginable’, their hospitality ‘formed a striking contrast to their extreme poverty’.
They not only invited Gützlaff and other foreign visitors into their houses but shared with them their scanty meal. Particularly, as one of the few quotations cited from conversations with the Chinese, the following statement was minutely noted down by the Prussian missionary: ‘How gladly … would we, if permitted, [have] cultivated amicable intercourse with you! But we are always forbidden to obey the impulse of our hearts
demonstrated that political cartoons had a greater impact in the Arab world than revealed by the circulation figures of the publications in which they appeared, as cartoons and articles were often the subject of lively conversation and debate in coffee houses and other public spaces.
The great Victorian Punch cartoonist Sir John Tenniel drew some of the most iconic cartoons featuring the British lion as an anthropomorphic representation of the might of the British Empire, including