Goldman Sachs International chairman,
Peter Sutherland), it was culture, community, locality and creativity that were
grasped as the authentic touchstones of who the Irish are. Somehow, a return
to the heartland seems to offer the antidote to the globalised cosmopolitan
excess when the Irish ‘lost their soul’, while at the same time offering the elixir
through which Irish pride and the national economy might be restored.
Spacing Ireland: infinite places and singular locations
As part of this regrounding, questions of geography have risen to prominence.
At their heart
Sandercock, L. (2006): Cosmopolitan urbanism: a love song to our mongrel cities.
In: Binnie, J., Holloway, J., Millington, S. and Young, C. (Eds): Cosmopolitan Urbanism.
London and New York: Routledge, 37–52.
Schmelzkopf, K. (1995): Urban community gardens as contested space. Geographical Review
Schmelzkopf, K. (2002): Incommensurability, land use, and the right to space: community
gardens in New York City. Urban Geography 23 (4): 323–343.
Smith, C. and Kurtz, H. (2003): Community gardens and politics of scale in New York
City. Geographical Review 93 (2
strategies and closer policy alignment between
the two jurisdictions will be key. With the end of the Celtic Tiger economy
and the dawn of a very different phase of the economic cycle, new patterns of
consumption and mobility are set to influence border living and relationships
into the future.
Anderson, J. (2008) ‘Partition, consociation, border-crossing: some lessons from the
national conflict in Ireland/Northern Ireland’, Nations and Nationalism 14, 1:
Beck, U. and Sznaider, N. (2010) ‘Unpacking cosmopolitanism for the social sciences:
spectacular collapse of the Celtic Tiger. By
2011, Ireland had entered a period in which the traces of recent economic
prosperity, cultural cosmopolitanism and, particularly, property investment
were now overlaid by the trauma of unemployment, negative equity and the
death of a dream. The geography of ghost estates charts the fevered speculation, uneven development, and commuting and consumption patterns that
emerged during the boom especially in the commuter belts around the main
cities (Figure 1.2).
There are ghost estates in every county in Ireland. Many are located
100 years of Ireland in National Geographic magazine
Patrick J. Duffy
had so captivated American visitors. Widely dispersed commuter landscapes
matched an exploding population in counties throughout the midlands and in
the regional hinterlands of Irish cities and towns. An accompanying expansion
in what McCarthy (2000) humorously labelled the ‘noodle belt’, and ‘sundried
tomato zones’, symbolised the cosmopolitan cultural transformation that took
place. McWilliams (2005) has characterised the new Ireland and new lifestyles
that emerged in inimitable fashion – a homogenised world of BMWs, bustling restaurants, trophy houses
their skills, increase their reach into the public, generate shared political ideas and discern between ideas that would advance the common world and ones that would not. Such adept actors could develop in part through education, certainly, but also crucially through cosmopolitan associations sufficient to discuss life and the world with a broad swath of diverse people. Such associations can develop “an intuitive feeling for worldliness” within us that fits us into and makes possible a common world with a growing horizon of inclusion.
Arendt (1958 , 9) goes as far
within UK society. He suggests that the citizenry can be split, broadly, into those who possess an ‘anywhere’ worldview and those who can be classified as ‘somewheres’. The former value independence, mobility, multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism, whilst the latter place higher value on stability, tradition and familiarity. Goodhart argues that ‘anywheres’, whilst fewer in number than ‘somewheres’ (for Goodhart, the ratio is about 30:70), disproportionately make up the ranks of the political and cultural elite in the UK. This is due to their possession of university
industrialisation, Britain’s manufacturing industries were
financed privately from non-bank sources and, in particular, from accumu-
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lated profits. Financial expansion itself developed through individual private
investors and foreign capital, leading to what Arrighi terms ‘cosmopolitan
finance capitalism’ (1994: 162). The organised and universal banking system
characteristic of Germany, for example, did not feature in the development of
British industrial or financial capitalism (Arrighi, 1994: 163
: Economies of worth . Translated by Catherine Porter . Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press .
Boronat , N. ( 2019 ) Peace, bread, and ideas for a cosmopolitan world: Addams’ unknown pragmatist legacy today , in K. Skowronski and S. Pihlstrom , eds, Pragmatism, Kant, and Kantianism in the twenty-first century . Nordic Studies in Pragmatism, vol. 4 . Helsinki : Nordic Pragmatism Network .
Brandom , R. ( 2009 ) When pragmatism paints its blue on grey: Irony and the pragmatist enlightenment , in C. Kautzer and E. A. Mendieta , eds