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Andreas Fischer- Lescano

unitary templates, and social rather than political lawmaking: these are then the basic coordinates. They are also what Jacques Derrida had in mind when he argued that the “effective responsibility” of any intellectual engagement consisted in “doing everything to transform the existing state of law […] [and] inventing new laws,” a task that, he noted, is “transnational and not just cosmopolitan, because the cosmopolitan still presupposes the categories of the state and the citizen, even if the citizen is a world citizen.”32 II This shift towards a social conception of

in Law and violence
Vicky Randall

Freeman felt the need of ‘atoning for a great national sin of our own’ and urged the people to ‘say frankly that we have wronged our brethren, and that we will undo the wrong that we have done’. 84 The extent to which Freeman was preoccupied with affairs in south-eastern Europe is evidenced by his personal letters from this time. ‘My correspondence’, he wrote to Boyd Dawkins, ‘is cosmopolitan’. 85 The second post to-day brought me six things which I will arrange thus:- By Stamps By Nations By Religions 1 German 2 English 3 Orthodox 1

in History, empire, and Islam
Civilisation, civil society and the Kosovo war
Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen

tradition began with the philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment (particularly Adam Ferguson), and culminated in Immanuel Kant’s conception of the pacific federation of liberal governments as the cosmopolitan purpose of history. The centre-piece of this tradition is the construction of government in terms of civil society. In order to understand how the West came to see the Kosovo war as necessary for

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

between cosmopolitanism and communitarianism one would expect that cosmopolitans would be inclined towards intervention for humanitarian and other principled reasons, while communitarians would adhere to non-intervention. 2 Yet Kant, regarded as the father of modern cosmopolitanism, 3 is, prima facie, against intervention. Cobden, a cosmopolitan, is rigidly against any notion of intervention. Mazzini, a communitarian (though with a cosmopolitan bent) is a cautious supporter

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
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Naomi Head

, paradoxically, illustrate the limitations of many considerations of the use of force in IR. Habermas was in favour of the intervention in Kosovo, and he articulated his views most clearly in an article published in Die Zeit in April 1999, later translated and published in English. Although the article is written in the context of contemporary German politics, Habermas’s cosmopolitan world perspective is

in Justifying violence
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

international relations are more nuanced, especially non-realists, 16 with those in the field of international ethics, cosmopolitans in particular, who tend to be less burdened by sovereignty, supporting unilateral humanitarian intervention, followed more guardedly by communitarians, from Michael Walzer in the late 1970s onwards. 17 They, together with international lawyers supportive of humanitarian intervention even without a UN mandate, disagree mainly as to the level of onslaught that warrants

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Dialogue as normative grounds and object of critique
Naomi Head

turn, requiring that the principle of universalization (U) cannot be answered satisfactorily by a single individual, but must take place within an intersubjective dialogue. 28 This shift from a mono- logical to a dialogical exercise is fundamental in order to continue to justify any notion of the normative cosmopolitan project in the face of challenges to it posed by

in Justifying violence
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Kosovo and the outlines of Europe’s new order
Sergei Medvedev and Peter van Ham

Enlightenment (and the writings of Adam Ferguson in particular), the work of Kant (and his conception of the pacific federation of liberal governments as the cosmopolitan purpose of history) and the recent debate on the role of civilisation introduced by Huntington. European politicians have frequently argued that NATO was using force against Belgrade to secure Western civilisation. But, using Foucault’s notion of ‘governmentality

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
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Humanity and relief in war and peace
Rebecca Gill

‘fair-trade’ capitalism and the production of ethnic trinkets for sale to Western consumers continue. Here, Dinah Rajat and Jock Stirrat’s concept of ‘parochial cosmopolitanism’ captures well this distinguishing and long-lived feature of relief workers’ habitus : ‘cosmopolitan’ in the sense that they attempt

in Calculating compassion
The ICTY, ICTR and ICC
Matt Killingsworth

will be argued here, contrary to Akhavan, that the UN-constituted Tribunals (and the ICC) contribute to a pluralist international order, as opposed to a cosmopolitan world order, where states remain the primary actors and international law, acknowledged as integral to maintaining order, remains informed by Vattelian interpretations of sovereignty. The International Criminal

in Violence and the state