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Paul Blackledge

Realism (London, 1994), pp. 20–7. Collier Critical Realism, pp. 61–8. R. Bhaskar Plato etc. (London, 1994), pp. 23, 30. A. Sayer Method in Social Science: A Realist Approach (London, 1992), p. 107. A. Collier Marx (Oxford, 2004), pp. 144, 36. K. Marx ‘Theses on Feuerbach’ in The German Ideology, p. 121. Cf. H. Kaye The British Marxist Historians (London, 1995) which contains essays on Maurice Dobb, Rodney Hilton, Christopher Hill, Eric Hobsbawm, and Edward Thompson, and H. Kaye The Education of Desire: Marxists and the Writing of History (London, 1992) which contains

in Reflections on the Marxist theory of history
Rosemary O’Day

knowledge and people-centredness. Both had a great respect and love for archival research as well as an encyclopaedic knowledge of published sources.99 Although neither man was prone to discuss the philosophy of history or his own theoretical perspective on the writing of history, both would have sympathized with a post-positivist, critical-realist viewpoint: One of the most common forms of post-positivism is a philosophy called critical realism. A critical realist believes that there is a reality independent of our thinking about it that science can study. (This is in

in The Debate on the English Reformation
Open Access (free)
Disability in working-class coalfields literature
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

literature is to act as a nexus via which a range of different forces – economic, social, political, medical – are brought into contact or revealed to underpin the wider social and economic ‘disqualification’ of the industrial working class.32 Writing about nineteenth-century ‘critical realism’,33 Georg Lukács identifies the importance of a ‘typical’ character, a ‘type’ that interacts with different forces within the text: The ‘centre’ figure need not represent an ‘average man’ but is rather the product of a particular social and personal environment. The problem is to

in Disability in industrial Britain
Paul Blackledge

. Creaven Critical Realism and Marxism (London, 2000), p. 75. 310 Wickham ‘The Uniqueness of the East’, p. 44. 311 Brenner ‘Economic Backwardness in Eastern Europe’, p. 19.

in Reflections on the Marxist theory of history