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Undead aesthetics and mechanical reproduction – Dorian Gray, Dracula and David Reed’s ‘vampire painting’
Sam George

some Hegelian dialectics, rejecting the narrow instrumentalism demanded of realist art and advocating aestheticism, yet simultaneously defending a critical realism that exposes the vices of the bourgeoisie (indeed, there is evidence that he had read Hegel). 45 He uses this device to explore and satirise the relationships in realism between artist, subject and audience/viewer. 46

in Open Graves, Open Minds
Hans Christian Andersen and Selma Lagerlöf
Maria Holmgren Troy and Sofia Wijkmark

sorts related to the fin-de-siècle atmosphere of pessimism and decadence. In Sweden, this Gothic resurgence is more specifically connected to an important moment in Swedish literary history known as the ‘shift between the 1880s and the 1890s’ – the common denominator is the debut of Selma Lagerlöf. During the 1870s and 1880s, a period known as ‘the modern breakthrough’, critical realism predominated Scandinavian literature and addressing the problems of modern society was perceived as the author's main task. In a Swedish context, the idea of literature as a vehicle

in Nordic Gothic