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Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

they consider it a price worth paying for access to populations in need. That said, the ICRC has only rarely resorted to armed escorts, and in many contexts has better access than other agencies. Differential opportunities – or differential expectations about effectiveness – may also explain the differences observed in the use of advocacy and public criticism of authorities. Public criticism of those who target aid workers may be expected to attract

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

to criticisms? There have been reports of rape and violence committed by MINUSTAH soldiers, for example. Didn’t Brazil end up acting like any other regional hegemon, projecting power in its sphere of influence through the use of force and justifying this with expressions of humanitarian concern? CA: I’d say that, clearly, it was a moment of affirmation of Brazilian power – a moment to show that Brazil was prepared to use certain types of force. But, first of all, it is necessary to remember that the mission in Haiti was not a Brazilian initiative

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

fieldwork conducted between 2016 and 2019 as part the Architectures of Displacement project, which was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council of the UK and managed from the Refugee Studies Centre in Oxford. 2 In the next section of this article, I set out a series of common criticisms of architecture by humanitarians, pointing to frequently unrealistic utopianism and a lack of practicality. In the second section, I set out the differences between innovation and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

ethically acceptable to pledge not to get involved in any controversies, in particular when they are political or racial in nature. Objectively, MSF’s repeated criticisms of European leaders regarding the fate of migrants 3 – an extremely political, sensitive and controversial subject – contradict its assertion of neutrality. It might be more morally correct to condemn the atrocities witnessed by humanitarian workers than to ‘not take sides in a political controversy’, but we

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

/national right to self-determination and the Right of Return. Indeed, one of the main criticisms levelled by many Palestinians against UNRWA is that its modus operandi has arguably enabled many Palestinians – employees and non-employees alike – to normalise rather than resist and demand sustainable and effective alternatives. 8 Such alternatives, as long argued by proponents of the self-determination of Palestine (the ultimate form of self-sufficiency on a national level), should prioritise securing a political solution to the occupation; in the absence of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The external image of Germany’s foreign policy
Siegfried Schieder

Germany take a greater and more active role in global politics, and the country’s still-dominant self-perception as a ‘civilian power’ on the other hand, which is backed by German public opinion. This backing reveals a marked dissonance between Germany’s self-perception and others’ perceptions, which has been increasingly generating unease and criticism among Germany’s partners and within Germany itself. I conclude by summarising the main empirical findings and outlining discrepancies between domestic and external images of Germany. Why study the external image of

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Tim Aistrope

provide a window into the underlying commitments and rationalities of a political culture. This chapter examines the widespread concern expressed by foreign policy commentators about the link between anti-Americanism and Arab-Muslim conspiracy theories in the wake of 9/11. I argue that this Arab-Muslim paranoia narrative helped disqualify criticism of American power and limit

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Rodney Tiffen

public documents have, scrutiny and testing which are crucial both to intellectual quality and the health of democracy. The history of partisan conflicts over the intelligence agencies For the intelligence agencies themselves, such controversy was an unwelcome throwback. They had done much to dispel the suspicions and criticisms occasioned by the partisan conflicts in which they

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz and Julian Cooper

when talking to audiences in Russia about policy in Chechnya since late 2000. At the same time, domestic audiences have also been told that the threat from terrorism is sufficiently great that a range of measures in other policy areas result from the situation in Chechnya, and international criticism of Russian actions in the republic has been countered by the insistence that the Chechen conflict is a key part of the war against terrorism. Both of these stances undermine the conflicting discourse that life in Chechnya is returning to normal. From the point of view of

in Securitising Russia
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.