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This article considers how the reburial and commemoration of the human remains of the Republican defeated during the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) is affected by the social, scientific and political context in which the exhumations occur. Focusing on a particular case in the southwestern region of Extremadura, it considers how civil society groups administer reburial acts when a positive identification through DNA typing cannot be attained. In so doing, the article examines how disparate desires and memories come together in collective reburial of partially individuated human remains.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Utopias of development

Through an ethnographic study of the Barefoot College, an internationally renowned non-governmental development organisation (NGO) situated in Rajasthan, India, this book investigates the methods and practices by which a development organisation materialises and manages a construction of success. Paying particular attention to the material processes by which success is achieved and the different meanings that they act to perform, this book offers a timely and novel approach to how the world of development NGOs works. It further touches upon the general discrediting of certain kinds of expertise, moving the book beyond an anthropology of development to raise wider questions of general interest.

The author argues that the College, as a heterotopia and a prolific producer of various forms of development media, achieves its success through materially mediated heterotopic spectacles: enacted and imperfect utopias that constitute the desires, imaginings and Otherness of its society.

Founded by the charismatic figure of Bunker Roy, the Barefoot College has become a national and global icon of grassroots sustainable development. With a particular focus on the Barefoot College’s community-managed, solar photovoltaic development programme, this book considers the largely overlooked question of how it is that an NGO achieves a reputation for success.

always free, aware, and in control of its own desires’. Free choice and respectful coercion If we began this chapter with Csordas's ( 1987 ) plea that more attention should be paid to the importance of the sacred in all healing encounters, this discussion of sacrifice as the primary vehicle for acknowledging the sacred may be taking us in different directions. Csordas's emphasis on the construction of sacred and medical realities is reflected in the shift of contemporary theories in medical anthropology to a focus on

in Descending with angels

neuro-linguistic programming and Gestalt therapy. Inspired, she started ‘working on herself ’, as she put it. Apart from the fairy-tale therapy, another one of the ‘various different approaches’ that Īrisa explored was called neuro-linguistic programming. This pseudo-scientific school of thought, popular in Latvia since the 1990s, insists that one can achieve whatever one desires through self-programming. She had attended a training course of several months entitled ‘Active Dreaming’. There, she had learnt how to draft 5-year plans outlining everything she wanted to

in Politics of waiting
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…’). This protest was sparked after a delegation of fans from different clubs (including Harlekins Berlin of Hertha, Block-U of Magdeburg and Stuttgart’s Commando Cannstatt) walked out of discussions with the DFB, who had expressed a desire to work with fans. Initial agreement over stopping collective punishments and streamlining regulations over the use of flags, drums and other equipment quickly evaporated. The fan representatives issued a statement: After two meetings between fan representatives and representatives of the DFB and DFL, the initial euphoria quickly

in Ultras

invoking patience. As one of the advisors put it, ‘patience is vital. The harsh economic medicine will ultimately have the desired effect’ (Michael Mandelbaum cited in Buck-Morss 2000: 267). Furthermore, the desire to become ‘fully modern’ and to ‘return to Europe’ (Eglitis 2002, 2011; Rausing 2004; Ozoliņa 2010) legitimated this narrative of being patient while catching up. Such a temporality of catching up, accompanied by anxious subjectivities, has played an instrumental role in integrating the former socialist countries into the global political economy. In Latvia

in Politics of waiting
Massacres, missing corpses, and silence in a Bosnian community

Muslims. While it is difficult to determine what exactly led each of these men to join, the evidence suggests that most were from relatively poor families and thus they appear to have been attracted to the Ustašas out of a desire to quickly attain material wealth, and in DHR.indb 16 5/15/2014 12:51:04 PM A Bosnian community  17 some cases to settle personal scores with pre-war enemies among the Serb Orthodox population.8 Only a handful, such as the local Croat Miroslav Matijević, who owned a tavern in Kulen Vakuf, appeared to have had connections to the Ustaša

in Destruction and human remains

reincarnation. Reincarnation is not merely life after death, as in the Christian or Muslim belief in a rematerialisation of some version of the person in heaven; rather each individual is reborn into another living being – if and until some select few reach nirvana, a state variously imagined as free of suffering and of the desires that produce individual cravings and aversions. Nirvana is, again, quite unlike the Christian imagination of individual beings reconstituted in heaven or hell, in sites of pleasure and goodness or punishment and evil. Desire does not go away but is

in Governing the dead
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The frayed edges of the spectacle

material mobilisations to define what it is and does, to convince and enrol others of its efficacy. In their quest for legitimacy, development organisations assemble and mobilise diverse arrays of materials, people, landscapes, territories and concepts. Often, these resemble theatrical performances complete with stages, characters, plots and props. Through the assemblage of these different actors, their confluence through practice, they are made to perform different scripts and dramas reflecting and generating powerful hopes, dreams, desires and fears. Development work

in An ethnography of NGO practice in India
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life path as a string of decisions always adapting to the circumstances. Even now, she said to me confidently, she may be a psychologist today but could open a farm and grow potatoes tomorrow, if necessary. Living was like surfing, Viktorija said. She associated desire for stability and security with ‘a Soviet way of thinking’, speaking ironically of a brick house with a brick fence, a job in the factory and a wreath on one’s grave, paid for by the state. The only stability one can have in life nowadays is to stand firmly on the metaphorical surfboard and go with the

in Politics of waiting