Henry Scott Tuke

2 Naturalism, labour and homoerotic desire: Henry Scott Tuke Jongwoo Jeremy Kim Henry Scott Tuke’s career as an artist was deeply committed to the visual proliferation of youths – clad or unclad. ‘You came to Falmouth to paint the sea, I suppose?’ asked an interviewer from The Studio in 1895. Tuke replied, ‘The sea is certainly the keynote of my pictures, but my object in living here is not to be a marine painter – I do not reckon myself one – but primarily to paint the nude in the open air; here there are quiet beaches, some of them hardly accessible except by

in British queer history
British and German war memorials after 1918

v 14 v Mixing memory and desire: British and German war memorials after 1918 Adrian Barlow The Armistice, bringing the fighting of the First World War to an end, allowed barely a pause before the next phase began: that of memorialising the events and the victims of the past four years. To memorialise is, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, ‘to preserve the memory of; to be or supply a memorial of; to commemorate’. Memorialising is a way of giving significance to memory. It can be understood as the deliberate act of determining why someone or something

in The silent morning
White women and property holding in Barbadian plantation society

far, or to what extent, marriage contracts were legally binding. Did women such as Joan Minor freely devise these contracts themselves, or were they induced to do so by male relatives – especially fathers – seeking to retain property within the family? Joan Minor’s settlement certainly suggests that some women, either through a simple desire to control their own property, or with an eye to the

in Engendering whiteness

11  Desire, disgust and indigestibility in John Cleland’s Memoirs of a Coxcomb Rebecca Anne Barr John Cleland’s notoriety depends on his sexually explicit Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (1748), a work which stimulates and celebrates the satisfaction of carnal appetites through a series of erotic encounters. Despite prosecution for obscenity, Cleland claimed, with brazen disingenuity, that his writing stemmed from his desire to stimulate while avoiding vulgarity, working as a proof positive that the novel could arouse without descending to depravity

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

This article considers how the reburial and commemoration of the human remains of the Republican defeated during the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) is affected by the social, scientific and political context in which the exhumations occur. Focusing on a particular case in the southwestern region of Extremadura, it considers how civil society groups administer reburial acts when a positive identification through DNA typing cannot be attained. In so doing, the article examines how disparate desires and memories come together in collective reburial of partially individuated human remains.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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Same-sex desire in the British Armed Forces, 1939–45

This book takes a contextual, time-specific approach to the study of same-sex desire in the British armed forces. Such an approach is now considered to be de rigueur for the historian of sexuality. The book first examines the medical, legal and cultural understandings of same-sex activity and identity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It then focuses on the life of service personnel; how they lived, loved and survived within the armed forces. Among other themes, the book examines the importance of homosociability and the mechanics of passing. It explores the experiences of personnel during moments when the veil could be lifted, whether on leave, on stage, away from authority, in foreign climes or simply away from the strictures of familial authority. The book further interrogates how men and women deemed to desire members of the same sex were conceptualised and treated by the armed forces. It uses court-martial records, court transcripts, official papers and personal testimony to map out how those caught out by the system were understood and treated. Finally, the book provides a clearer picture of how self-identified queer personnel and those who engaged in homosex experienced the Second World War when on duty, at play and when experiencing the sharp end of military law.

A lesbian history of post-war Britain 1945–71

This book examines the ways in which women were able to deploy ambiguous concepts such as the 'career woman' and the 'bachelor girl' to simultaneously indicate and mask a lesbian identity. Contemporary anxieties about female same-sex desire which attached to these figures offered the opportunity to deploy them as an indication of potential sexual deviance. But their very ambiguity simultaneously afforded a protection from censure which more explicit terms such as 'lesbian' did not. These cultural connections between 'deviant' and 'normative' models of sexual identity have become the focus of considerable attention by queer theorists and historians in recent years. Queer historians have sought to analyse the institutional practices and discourses which produce sexual knowledge, and the ways in which these organise social life. They have concentrated their research on the binary opposition of homosexuality and heterosexuality as the dominant epistemological framework of knowledge about sexuality. The book seeks to explore the connections between space and cultural practices in lesbian history and is therefore concerned with the material world of post-war Britain. Identities such as 'tomboy' were invested with specific meanings in particular spatial contexts. As a child in rural Essex in the early 1950s, Nina Jenkins could use the term 'tomboy' to explain and excuse her desire to climb trees and be part of a boys' street gang.

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between women) would provide a clear mandate for the armed forces to exclude queer bodies at the first possible opportunity. Once recruited and on active service, the identification and exclusion of trained personnel became significantly harder and, crucially, harder to justify. This chapter explores whether the medical boards possessed the diagnostic ammunition to identify and exclude those who were deemed to desire members of the same sex and the extent to which the armed forces directed them to do so. It begins with a discussion of medical testing during the First

in Queen and country

queer exteriors and some queer ways, but they are fine with me.’24 The tendency to post material on bulletin boards that a modern readership might identify as propagandist offers further evidence of Stimson’s traditionalist perspective. The fact that she did not question the motives of the allies undoubtedly contributed to her strong and authoritative persona. Stimson’s ability to command the respect and affection of her staff and to sustain morale was clearly one of her strengths. But her involvement with them went much further than a desire to control their

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
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French, we are not from other nations, we are British – thank God.2 While Montgomery could not slow the momentum of change to civilian law nor shake off the rumours that he himself desired other men, his concerns were at least shared by policymakers within the armed forces.3 Military chiefs and the Wolfenden Committee agreed that decriminalising homosexual acts in the forces would affect discipline and threaten the safety of low-­ranking servicemen.4 As a result, they remained punishable by military law even though they ceased to be illegal between consenting civilian

in Queen and country