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An anthology of literary texts and contexts

This book is an anthology of selections from works dealing with same-sex love, desire, sexual acts, and relationships during the period 1550-1735 in early modern England. It presents religious and moral writings, pseudo-medical writings, criminal pamphlets, travel writings, and letters on same-sex desire. The condemnation of male and female same-sex sexual acts is embedded in the earliest Christian theology. The early modern medical, pseudo-medical, and anatomical texts in Latin are surprisingly reticent about the physiological and anatomical aspects of homoerotic sexuality and desire. Canon law had long condemned male same-sex sexual acts. The 1533-34 statute in England forbade male same-sex sexual acts but ignored female same-sex intercourse. English travel narratives dealing with the sexual customs of other cultures often present sexual licentiousness as endemic, sometimes touching specifically on sodomy and tribadism. The most detailed presentations of same-sex erotic relationships in non-European cultures are those relating to Turkey and the Turkish seraglio. Familiar letters, such as between James I and VI, could reveal personal secrets and be radically transgressive in their emphasis on fostering love and desire. The book discusses homo-sexual subculture during 1700-1730, translation of Latin and Greek texts, and numerous literature representing male and female same-sex erotic relationships. The largely 'socially diffused homosexuality' of the seventeenth century changed profoundly with 'clothes, gestures, language' connoting 'homosexuality'. The book shows how literary genres of male same-sex and female-sex desires such as Shakespeare's Sonnets, and Catherine Trotter's Agnes de Castro allow the modern reader to chart changes in their representation.

Marie Helena Loughlin

ch a pt e r 9 Literature: Representing Female Same-Sex Erotic Relationships and Desires Literature: Female Desiderius Erasmus (?1466–1536), humanist scholar Erasmus’s major works are Adages (a collection of sententiae or wise sayings or maxims (1500)), the Enchiridion (a manual of Christian living (1503)), The Praise of Folly (a satire of contemporary European social and religious attitudes (1511)) and Colloquies (Latin dialogues on various social, moral, and religious topics (1518/19)). His Scriptural commentaries and editions of classical writers and the

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735
Marie Helena Loughlin

ch a pt e r 8 Literature: Representing Male Same-Sex Erotic Relationships and Desires Literature: Male Edmund Spenser (?1552–99), poet Educated at Cambridge, where he met his dear friend and mentor Gabriel Harvey, Spenser later became the Earl of Leicester’s secretary, and gained the support and patronage of Sir Walter Ralegh and Sir Philip Sidney. Spenser’s works include the immediately popular Shepheardes Calender (1579); the sonnet sequence Amoretti and marriage poem Epithalamion (both 1595); the mythopoetic allegory of Tudor court life Colin Clouts Come

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735
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Swinburne and lyric crisis
Marion Thain

The lines of Swinburne’s poetry delineate the poetically perverse, the metrically masochistic, and the sensuously sadistic. Yet it is not the sexual intensity of his poetry that I explore in this chapter, although the pun in my title deliberately evokes these aspects of Swinburne’s poetry to tease from them a perversely chaste account of lyric community. ‘Desire lines’ is

in Algernon Charles Swinburne
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Cosmography and chorography
Tamsin Badcoe

example, a way of approaching coastal space, which Elizabeth Jane Bellamy has described as the possible site of ‘a numinous poetics’ in Spenser’s poem. 4 Spenser’s Knight of Chastity is famously good at crossing thresholds and the origins of her quest are located using both the contours of regional Welsh geography and an unusual interest in the names of places. 5 In order to sound Glauce’s meaning when she avows to her charge that she will try ‘by wrong or right/ To compas [her] desire, and find that loued knight’ (III.ii.46), I connect Spenser’s regional descriptions

in Edmund Spenser and the romance of space
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Fantastic Renaissance spectacles
Elisabeth Bronfen and Beate Neumeier

questions about the act of seeing, the nature of perception and its relation to knowledge. These uncertainties emerge in transformational processes foregrounding themes of vision and themes of desire and their intersections with shifting emphasis (to borrow Todorov’s distinction without its theoretical underpinnings). The obsession with monstrous creatures and horrifying

in Gothic Renaissance
Exploring gender, anti-racism, and homonormativity in Shamim Sarif ’s The World Unseen (2001) and I Can’t Think Straight (2008)
Alberto Fernández Carbajal

backdrop is one against which Sarif’s characters routinely struggle, testing the boundaries of officially designated spaces with anti-racist intent, which intersects with issues of female same-sex desire. This chapter offers a combined examination of the conjoined anti-racist, anti-homophobic, and feminist stance of Sarif’s first novel with that of Sarif’s own screen adaptation of it, released in 2008, the same year as Sarif’s film debut, I Can’t Think Straight , and the literary version of the story that was created in conjunction with it

in Queer Muslim diasporas in contemporary literature and film
Marie Helena Loughlin

ch a pt e r 2 Pseudo-Medical Writings Pseudo-Medical Writings Introduction According to Kenneth Borris’s extensive research, original early modern medical, pseudo-medical, and anatomical texts in Latin are surprisingly reticent about the physiological and anatomical aspects of homoerotic sexuality and desire.1 This reticence is surprising in the academic Latin tradition. ‘Modestly’ veiled in Latin, the language of the intellectual and social elites of Europe, such texts were available only to the exclusive and relatively limited audience of professional

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735
Marie Helena Loughlin

General Introduction General Introduction The History of the History of ‘Homosexuality’: Debating Sexual Identity Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735 is an anthology of selections from works dealing with same-sex love, desire, sexual acts, and relationships, in a period when the representation and meanings attached to these realities underwent enormous changes. These selections aim at allowing the reader to consider in detail some of the critical and methodological issues that have been involved in charting the developing representations and

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735
The case of Pier Paolo Pasolini
Michael Mack

on the desire for power and the power of desire. This chapter focuses on Pasolini’s creation of a form of new politics. This novel form of politics interrupts the violence which governs the desire for power that has come to coincide with the power of desire. This coincidence of sexuality, domination and violence characterises what Freud presented when he first discussed the Oedipus

in Incest in contemporary literature