Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

to interpreting and fulfilling human desires’ ( Aravena, 2016 : 3–4). It was the last week before the Biennale closed for the season, and I had, over the previous summer, read a great deal of enthusiastic commentary on the event and its explicitly humanitarian intentions. I was keen to see the exhibits, especially given my long-running scepticism about the ability of architects to play a useful role in humanitarianism. However, after walking through the many rooms and halls of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

up in international conflicts subject to the Geneva Conventions were ignored until 1949. While the codification of armed conflict, whether international or domestic, was inspired by a desire to limit the violence, it gave the generals – not surprisingly – the final say in assessing ‘military necessity’, a key concept naturally covered by humanitarian law. A few years later, the German command used the Geneva Convention to justify their violence in putting down francs

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

the kidnappers and even if they desire to keep politics out’ ( Turner, 1998 : 145–60). As a result, discussing abductions publicly does not automatically single out a humanitarian organisation as a special target but rather as a ‘sensitive’ one – not to mention that by breaking their code of silence, these organisations could better explain their operational decisions. In MSF’s case, for example, discussing the circumstances

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

roaring economy and a wildly popular president. Its foreign policy reflects this confidence and a desire to break free of its older constraints.’ Now, less than a decade later, weeks before a general election, Brazilian democracy is not at all stable, the country is experiencing one of its worst ever economic crises, the current presidency has a 3 per cent approval rating and there isn’t a foreign policy to speak of. How does Brazil fit into this new ‘global disorder’? Confusion in the inter-state system arguably creates opportunities, especially for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

operationally) its strategy to Palestinians on the local level. In this context, significant risks are being borne both by those Palestinians who rely on UNRWA-provided services and by UNRWA’s Palestinian employees. Nonetheless, these impacts continue to be erased from view by a contract and risk-management culture that maintains the primacy of international (read: non-Palestinian) actors and ideological priorities. In the context of UNRWA’s institutional adaptation to long-standing financial crises, a push for cost-efficiency and the desire to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

, is eroding. Both the right and the left have come to see in these liberal mechanisms barriers to the realisation of their most desired preferences (more aggressive chauvinism, more effective redistribution). Politics at the national level in the West has been shocked back into life after decades of malaise. The insistent questions are no longer technocratic but substantive, with attitudes to ‘the other’ a pivotal part of these conversations globally. In 2018, Freedom House recorded its twelfth consecutive year of decline in freedom worldwide, with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Jenny Edkins

Despite the imperative for change in a world of persistent inequality, racism, oppression and violence, difficulties arise once we try to bring about a transformation. As scholars, students and activists, we may want to change the world, but we are not separate, looking in, but rather part of the world ourselves. The book demonstrates that we are not in control: with all our academic rigour, we cannot know with certainty why the world is the way it is, or what impact our actions will have. It asks what we are to do, if this is the case, and engages with our desire to seek change. Chapters scrutinise the role of intellectuals, experts and activists in famine aid, the Iraq war, humanitarianism and intervention, traumatic memory, enforced disappearance, and the Grenfell Tower fire, and examine the fantasy of security, contemporary notions of time, space and materiality, and ideas of the human and sentience. Plays and films by Michael Frayn, Chris Marker and Patricio Guzmán are considered, and autobiographical narrative accounts probe the author’s life and background. The book argues that although we might need to traverse the fantasy of certainty and security, we do not need to give up on hope.

Open Access (free)
Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies
Jenny H. Peterson

autumn 2010 the forty-fifth wave of privatisation was advertised with the PAK announcing that 560 NewCos (the name given to former SOEs that have been prepared for privatisation) had been created (PAK, 2010). Many of what are referred to as Kosovo’s ‘crown jewels’ have 119 4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 120 Building a peace economy? been privatised, including the Ferronickel plant, the Peje brewery and the winery in Prizren. There was a desire amongst the UN administration and the KTA for more Serbs to bid on SOEs and to help the KTA

in Building a peace economy?
Managing the criminal facets of war economies
Jenny H. Peterson

life in a clear attempt to control and shape the future political environs of states emerging from war. Conversely, while targeting some individuals, the DSI in Kosovo has also 91 4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 92 Building a peace economy? been accused of shielding others from prosecution. For political reasons, either a desire to maintain stability or reward political allies, some individuals have supposedly been able to avoid arrest and prosecution for atrocities committed. Examples of political leaders, ex-KLA and current KPC

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson

state. For the guiding actors of the DSI, the desire to homogenise customs 143 4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 144 Building a peace economy? services around the world relates to customs’ essential role in both economic and security goals which constitute a liberal peace. A modern customs agency ensures the smooth functioning of global capital. In this sense customs reform is part of the wider political project of global governance where ‘Reforms of customs regulations, tax systems and the police are constantly being demanded by the

in Building a peace economy?