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Rebecca Anne Barr

11  Desire, disgust and indigestibility in John Cleland’s Memoirs of a Coxcomb Rebecca Anne Barr John Cleland’s notoriety depends on his sexually explicit Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (1748), a work which stimulates and celebrates the satisfaction of carnal appetites through a series of erotic encounters. Despite prosecution for obscenity, Cleland claimed, with brazen disingenuity, that his writing stemmed from his desire to stimulate while avoiding vulgarity, working as a proof positive that the novel could arouse without descending to depravity

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Health, medicine and care in Wales, 1600-1750
Author: Alun Withey

This book provides a complete reappraisal of Welsh medical history in the early modern period. It investigates some of the factors affecting the types and spread of disease in Wales. Studies of disease and the body in popular cultural sources, such as poetry and vernacular verse, contribute to a wider assessment of a 'Welsh' bodily concept. The book explores the importance of geography and regional variation in affecting the sickness experience. It then examines the pathways through which medical information travelled in Wales, through detailed analyses of both oral and literate cultures in early modern Wales. The book also investigates medical material culture within the home in early modern Wales. It further analyses the 'sick role' and the ways in which sufferers both experienced and described their symptoms, foregrounding the growing impact of literacy and letters in sickness self-fashioning. The book looks at the availability of medical care in the early modern community, arguing that sickness served to create a temporary medical family, who provided a comprehensive structure of support from visiting to the provision of physical care. Finally, it argues that Welsh practitioner's desire to adopt English medical nomenclature points to a growing wish to be seen as 'legitimate' practitioners, a view backed up by the increasing numbers of medical licences granted to Welsh physicians.

Variations on the abdomen in Marivaux’s L’Homère travesti and Le Télémaque travesti
Clémence Aznavour

matter, having been too rapidly evacuated by the smallholder’s wife, return with a vengeance. But there is a transfer of the excrement, as it now comes to characterise Fénelon’s heroes. We do not hear that they are a sh***y 219 Burlesque bellies Brideron and a crappy Phocion; rather it is explicitly the characters from Fénelon who are named. Despite their desire to follow the Aventures de Télémaque to the letter, Phoceron and Brideron are confronted with reality: it is this absence of the real, this idealisation of the world at work in the hypotext, which is

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

This book seeks to challenge the notion of the supremacy of the brain as the key organ of the Enlightenment. It is done by focusing on the workings of the bowels and viscera that so obsessed writers and thinkers during the long eighteenth-century. These inner organs and the digestive process acted as counterpoints to politeness and other modes of refined sociability, drawing attention to the deeper workings of the self. The book complicates the idea that discourses and representations of digestion and bowels are confined to so-called consumption culture of the long eighteenth century, in which dysfunctional bowels are categorised as a symptom of excess. It offers an interdisciplinary and cross-cultural perspective on entrails and digestion by addressing urban history, visual studies, literature, medical history, religious history, and material culture in England, France, and Germany. The book explores the metaphorical and symbolic connections between the entrails of the body and the bowels of the city or the labyrinthine tunnels of the mine. It then illustrates the materiality of digestion by focusing on its by-products and their satirical or epistemological manifestations. The book expounds further on the burlesque motif of the innards as it is used to subvert areas of more serious knowledge, from medical treatises to epic literature or visual representation. Finally, it focuses on drawings, engravings and caricatures which used the bowels, viscera and entrails to articulate political protest, Revolutionary tensions and subversion through scatological aesthetics, or to expose those invisible organs.

A feminist analysis of the Neary and Halappanavar cases
Joan McCarthy

in ethics as elsewhere (Walker, 2009: 5) Key to my analysis is a desire to understand the mechanisms by which the voices and concerns of the women at the centre of these two cases were ignored, marginalised and trivialised. I address each case in turn, paying particular attention to the way in which an excess of moral authority was vested in religious leaders, religious doctrine and doctors and a correlated lack of authority was invested in women patients and midwives. DONNELLY 9780719099465 PRINT.indd 9 12/10/2015 15:59 10 Context and care Unnecessary

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
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Pasts, present, futures
Michael Brown

by complexity and compromise. The 1858 Medical Act was, perhaps, the signal achievement of medical reform. And yet even this proved to be a grave disappointment to many general and provincial practitioners, who continued to lack the representation and political authority they desired. Moreover, as the early Victorian ‘Age of Reform’ moved into the mid-Victorian ‘Age of Equipoise’, the Benthamite fantasies of meritocratic and technocratic medical governance outlined by men like Thomas Laycock lost much of their force in the face of a broad liberal constitutional

in Performing medicine
Abstract only
Alun Withey

in fact had access to ‘orthodox’ medical practitioners in the sense that, as Tallis points out, this ‘orthodoxy’ was ubiquitous and not limited to towns.81 On the part of medical practitioners themselves, I will argue that there was a growing desire 152 WITHEY 9780719085468 PRINT.indd 152 20/10/2011 16:28 Caring for the sick to be accepted and legitimised, and even a sense of professional pride amongst Welsh practitioners, evidenced in their adoption of professional nomenclature, and most importantly the term ‘doctor’. Such figures played an important part in

in Physick and the family
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Is it time to change our approach to anti-stigma campaigns?
Vicky Long

blamed for stigmatising mental illness. Similarly, the activist and service user Dave Neenan felt that Time to Change had ‘not so much been engaging CONCLUSION 219 the public as blaming the public’ for causing the difficulties that people with mental health issues face.7 This book has interrogated the role of healthcare professionals who purportedly sought to tackle ‘public ignorance’ in the period 1870 to 1970, examining the disjuncture between their expressed desire to educate the public and the ways in which they inadvertently (and at times deliberately

in Destigmatising mental illness?
First World War writings by medical personnel
Carol Acton and Jane Potter

tradition in which to situate themselves, or which could offer them a means of negotiating the emotional and physical impact of their experience. When we examine how medical personnel articulate the psychological stresses of their novel situation we find a range of responses, from the heightened language of sacrifice and duty and the desire to endure to utter despair at the apparent futility of the war as it is manifest in the thousands of dead and wounded who pass through their aid posts, casualty clearing stations, ambulances and hospitals. Drawing on the subjective

in Working in a world of hurt
Bodies and environments in Italy and England

This book explores whether early modern people cared about their health, and what did it mean to lead a healthy life in Italy and England. According to the Galenic-Hippocratic tradition, 'preservative' medicine was one of the three central pillars of the physician's art. Through a range of textual evidence, images and material artefacts, the book documents the profound impact which ideas about healthy living had on daily practices as well as on intellectual life and the material world in Italy and England. Staying healthy and health conservation was understood as depending on the careful management of the six 'Non-Naturals': the air one breathed, food and drink, excretions, sleep, exercise and repose, and the 'passions of the soul'. The book provides fresh evidence about the centrality of the Non-Naturals in relation to groups whose health has not yet been investigated in works about prevention: babies, women and convalescents. Pregnancy constituted a frequent physical state for many women of the early modern European aristocracy. The emphasis on motion and rest, cleansing the body, and improving the mental and spiritual states made a difference for the aristocratic woman's success in the trade of frequent pregnancy and childbirth. Preventive advice was not undifferentiated, nor simply articulated by individual complexion. Examining the roles of the Non-Naturals, the book provides a more holistic view of convalescent care. It also deals with the paradoxical nature of perceptions about the Neapolitan environment and the way in which its airs were seen to affect human bodies and health.