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White women and property holding in Barbadian plantation society

far, or to what extent, marriage contracts were legally binding. Did women such as Joan Minor freely devise these contracts themselves, or were they induced to do so by male relatives – especially fathers – seeking to retain property within the family? Joan Minor’s settlement certainly suggests that some women, either through a simple desire to control their own property, or with an eye to the

in Engendering whiteness
Linley Sambourne, Punch, and imperial allegory

‘fusion’. For one thing, the ‘mixed mode’ of many cartoons is dictated as much by contingent historical circumstances as by a desire for decorous consistency. While, for example, Imperial Germany could satisfactorily be represented successively by Bismarck and by Wilhelm II, the political volatility of the Third Republic meant that none of the bewilderingly short-lived French presidents or premiers could claim instant recognition, which meant that the Liberty-capped Marianne generally stood in for any particular administration. Again, while the Bear

in Comic empires

certified mental patients, despite the fact that they were being transported for psychiatric purposes. This made the prospect of transporting unstable individuals somewhat unappetising for the company. However, Elder Dempster also desired to maintain good relations with the British government and to continue to enjoy a privileged position as a monopoly over public shipping to and from West Africa. This sometimes

in Beyond the state

after the Second World War. On the events in Cyprus after the outbreak of violence in April 1955, Punch published six cartoons referring to ‘the emergency’. Though focused on different themes, they were remarkably consistent in presenting a defence of the Conservative governments’ (under Anthony Eden and Harold Macmillan) desire to not surrender Cyprus. The cartoons viewed the violence in Cyprus as a Greco-Turkish feud, started by the Greek Cypriot demand for enosis , and not by British imperialism. Yet the cartoons from 1958 also exhibit a subtle criticism of the

in Comic empires

and national rules ‘to promote international understanding among countrywomen’. 32 In 1964 Fred Longden, chairman of RIBI's International Service committee set out similar expectations: ‘In this troubled world of ours “understanding” and the desire to understand are of paramount importance.’ It was the job of the International Service Committee, he explained, to ensure that ‘every Rotarian is filled with the desire to understand’. 33 Both organisations spent the 1960s putting in place networks and practices that would allow their members to meet these increased

in British civic society at the end of empire
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Looking beyond the state

muted. It is this desire to present a harmonious and united front that also forms the central point of Chapter Four , by Harshad Topiwala and myself. Here, we take a fresh look at the Colonial Medical Service of Kenya and show that, contrary to popular conceptions of this service, there were almost twice as many Indian doctors working for the Colonial Medical Service as Europeans before

in Beyond the state
Abstract only

magazines that explicitly mourned the end of imperial heroism or military prowess. While associations showed little desire for embracing Britain's imperial past ‘wholesale’, they also showed little discomfort in using a range of imperial experiences as touchstones to justify contemporary modes of international engagement. Most significantly, the imperial past functioned as a useful repository of skill, experience, and expertise, called upon to support particular interventions: Rotarian J. E. Parry suggested that empire had given Britain skills in cross

in British civic society at the end of empire

Company provided for its factory in Canton. Since their trade was not safeguarded by the government of either side, or by the EIC's representatives at Canton, their position in China was never secure. Also, although very few of them were entirely pro-free-trade, these self-proclaimed ‘free traders’ believed that the EIC's monopoly had posed significant obstacles to the extension of their trade. It had long been their desire that the British government could remove these constraints for them. In the late 1810s and early 1820s, however, it still seemed unrealistic for the

in Creating the Opium War
Missions, the colonial state and constructing a health system in colonial Tanganyika

clear ‘mission perspective’ on key policy issues. Mission views were ‘so varied as to appear bewildering’, he wrote, ‘and the desire to give sympathetic support yields to disheartenment. The impression given is that we Missionaries do not know clearly what we do want.’ 15 The remedy, Bishop Lucas suggested, was to establish a single organisation representing the mission sector, to enable ‘common

in Beyond the state

representations of various objects in light and shade, these prints easily expressed the energy and desire to resist oppression. This particular poster avoids any complication in its visual language, relying instead on the dramatic contrast between red and white colour blocks, which not only suggests an aura of agitation, but also blends the pictorial information seamlessly with the textual information, bringing the viewer's attention to the inscription. Both the Soviet and the Lu Xun woodblock movement-inspired posters had their artistic roots in the west

in Comic empires