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Abstract only
Chris Wyatt

within a system of revitalised communities. As routine methods of management are carried out through modes of self-regulation that embody the key anarchist values of equality, solidarity and mutual aid, this specific configuration of functional devolution adds formative detail to the guiding anarchist principle that coercive and authoritarian structures must be replaced with voluntary and libertarian alternatives

in Associational anarchism
Chris Wyatt

explanatory purposes. Finally, Chapter 11 , ‘The civic functional bodies’, brings the exposition of this book’s specific functional devolution to a close by offering a fairly short account of the organisational forms the civic services will assume. Notes 1 I use the term liberal freedom for the sake of

in Associational anarchism
Chris Wyatt

This short chapter brings together in a few summary paragraphs the new forms of associational anarchism’s hybrid constitution, the kernel of which is a democratic pluralism organised through a specific functional devolution. It is true that certain social anarchist tenets have been modified. This is especially so with regards to a role for a body-politic, an ethic of representation, hierarchical structures, self-legislation and centralisation, together with a weakened commitment to strict economic equality of outcome. The chapter indicates though that the content of associational anarchism’s essential maxims – in particular the new forms of local decision-making, self-governance and the universalisation of creative forms of labour – are still very much anarchist in essence. In order to minimise the powers of the commune to the absolute minimum, a subordinated role for a market mechanism in the field of consumption goods had to be admitted. But the mild guild market system, regulated horizontally through the networks of public agencies – rather than through hard markets forces, plutocrats or intervening states – is constituted through a pluralised egalitarian control over the means of production, where there is neither a capitalist class nor a dominant role for capital. As huge concentrations and centralisations of capital and wealth cannot accumulate, equality of opportunity is more sustainable than it is in systems of untrammelled markets. The chapter concludes by confirming the ways in which the institutional arrangements within and between the guilds and consumer councils complement the twentieth-century anarchist notion of developed selfhood.

in Associational anarchism
Abstract only
Associational anarchism and human emancipation as developed selfhood
Chris Wyatt

In recognising that freedom should not be kept apart from the conditions of its profitable exercise, a conception that blends congenially positive and negative ideals must, this book argues, propose a mode of organisation that moves beyond both the negative freedom of right-libertarianism and the positive freedom of welfare statism. In doing so, the associational anarchist conception of freedom is a distinct amalgamation of certain tenets from the self-determination and self-realisation traditions, parsed through structures that recast yet ultimately respect the inviolability of a sphere of life within which the individual is sovereign. This specific conceptual constellation may be thought of as a newly formed ‘anarcho-Marxist humanism’. Most centrally, a particular mode of egalitarian property rights is pictured that, fundamentally, is democratised to its pluralist cores. Moving beyond the bounds of statehood, political intermediation is arranged through a reinvigorated and anarchised functional devolution. Demarcated labour processes, when horizontally aligned with other equally differentiated functions, are the most enriching form of production and the optimal method of social provision. Significantly, if products are not manifested with autonomy and independent powers, so there is neither a personification of the inanimate nor a thingification of the subject, they will not exist as alienated entities, and neither will the workers who produced them. It is through these organisational forms that associational anarchism fills out in finer detail the categories that class-struggle anarchism has always rightfully endorsed.

in Associational anarchism
Abstract only
Chris Wyatt

further that on its own, territorial decentralisation is not enough. The Commune was short-lived because the people did not triumph economically ( 1970 : 51–2, 163). There are striking similarities with Cole’s functional devolution. Kropotkin referred to the medieval guild repetitively as an example of freely cooperating productive associations. These associations of mutual support

in Associational anarchism
Iseult Honohan

and a constituted people (Pettit 2012 : 285–190). 5 The idea of domination (more than simple subjection at a point in time) supports the proposal for multilevel citizenship – as the larger unitary polities become, the more risk of domination of minorities within those states (p. 59); maintaining or extending the devolution of power to local and regional

in Democratic inclusion
Chris Wyatt

indicate, through the addition of a democratic approach to investment planning, together with the introduction of a plural market system, associational anarchist theory heavily revises both the scope and the extent of their powers. It does this whilst, simultaneously, retaining the general form of guild socialism’s functional devolution. An unconventional plan–market synthesis

in Associational anarchism
Chris Wyatt

would be temporary, part-time, regularly rotated and organised through the justice councils. 9 In all likelihood then most people would serve their local community in one of these ways at some point in their lives. Reliance upon local juries to maintain social order complements the functional devolution of local communities. One would expect there will be fewer major discrepancies

in Associational anarchism
Chris Wyatt

freedoms of thought, speech and expression devoutly, but it does not have the usual liberal-democratic institutions built into it, at least not in the sense that they are customarily perceived. Functional devolution diametrically opposes undifferentiated representative democracy. As such, there is no universal suffrage in periodical elections between competing mass political parties

in Associational anarchism
Open Access (free)
Rainer Bauböck

that of jurisdictional boundaries. By contrast, when a national minority demands stronger political autonomy or a referendum on secession, what needs to be considered is the legitimacy of existing federal or other arrangements for devolution and power-sharing as well as how changes would affect individual memberships. My claim is that ACS provides a general guideline for liberal responses to both types of problems because it focuses on the

in Democratic inclusion