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Karin Fischer

147 6 Rights, segregation and discrimination The diversification of school types now facilitated by the Irish State has been ostensibly encouraged by the Catholic Church as well as by other interest groups involved in education, including minority religious groups and, more paradoxically, Educate Together. What are the advantages and drawbacks of this ongoing development from the perspective of inclusion, civic and social equality? A majority of Irish schools belong to and/or are managed by different private groups with specific interests and orientations

in Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland
Voices from Brighton and Bologna
Caterina Mazzilli

the place – in Brighton are thus the ones corresponding to a diversity of gender and sexuality, while in Bologna they correspond to a diversity as framed alongside culture and political allegiance. BMEs/foreign residents not complying with this image can then be easily ignored. But overlooking their presence might also mean sidelining the discrimination and racism experienced by them. Is there discrimination in ‘receptive cities’? Participants’ accounts of discrimination at the institutional and street

in How the other half lives
Annapurna Waughray
David Keane

121 Chapter 6 CERD and caste-​based discrimination Annapurna Waughray and David Keane Introduction On 19 January 2016, BBC News ran a story from India with the headline ‘Rohith Vemula: The student who died for Dalit rights’.1 The story concerned a twenty-​six-​year-​old PhD student who killed himself inside the campus of Hyderabad Central University. It explained that Mr Vemula ‘was a member of the Ambedkar Students’ Association, which fights for the rights of Dalit (formerly known as untouchable) students on the campus’ and that ‘[t]‌hough he did not blame

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Nozipho January- Bardill

70 Chapter 3 Racial discrimination and gender justice Nozipho January-​Bardill Introduction The commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD/​the Convention) in November 2015 occurred during an important year when the UN also celebrated the twentieth year of the adoption by UN member States of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (PFA) during the fourth UN World Conference on Women in China in 1995.1 Of additional interest is the fact that

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Claude Cahn

106 Chapter 5 CERD and discrimination against Roma Claude Cahn* Introduction Recently while browsing at a used book store, I  came upon a 1982 volume called Extraordinary Groups: The Sociology of Unconventional Life-​Styles, by a certain William M.  Kephart of the University of Pennsylvania. This included chapters on the ‘Old Order Amish’, the Oneida Community, the Father Divine Movement, the ‘Shakers’, the Mormons and the Hutterites. The book, however, opens with a chapter called ‘The Gypsies’. This began as follows:  ‘The Gypsies are an incredible people

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Patrick Thornberry

Racial Discrimination Convention 8 Racial discrimination and indigenous peoples – in particular under the Racial Discrimination Convention Introduction The major instrument of the UN devoted to the issue of race discrimination is the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICEARD). The Convention – preceded by a Declaration on the same subject1 – was adopted by the GA on 21 December 1965 by 106 votes to 0,2 and entered into force on 4 January 1969.3 By December 2001, the Convention had 161 States’ parties. The text

in Indigenous peoples and human rights
Greyhound racing in Britain, 1945 to the 1960s
Keith Laybourn

59 2 Discrimination and decline: greyhound racing in Britain, 1945 to the 1960s Surviving the Second World War relatively intact and experiencing an immediate post-​war boom, greyhound racing looked to have a promising future. Yet within four or five years that picture had changed dramatically. Problems with the British economic productivity in 1946 and 1947, with the bad winter of 1946/​47, undermined British post-​war industrial growth and may have been responsible for both the restrictions on greyhound meetings being held and the taxation imposed upon

in Going to the dogs
A living instrument

Nineteenth-century international law imbibed the racist virus. The twentieth century attempted to find an escape through fundamental, principled restatements of the equality and dignity of human beings and the worth of the cultures of humanity in all their subtlety and variety. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) was preceded by the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in 1963, and converted its premises into legally binding standards. The ICERD carried the hopes and aspirations of many in the international community for an international order of mutual respect and harmony among nations and peoples. This book tracks the debates that have shaped Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination's (CERD) policies and practices on disaggregated data over its first forty-five years. The UN World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and related Intolerance (WCAR) created an opportunity for the family of nations to engage in a global dialogue. The rights of indigenous peoples under international human rights law have greatly evolved with the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in 2007. CERD's serious attention to the continuing role played by anti-Romani sentiment - anti-Gypsyism - in shaping the societies is required. The central concern of General Recommendation 35 (2013) of the CERD was to figure out and set out how the 'resources' of the ICERD can be optimally 'mobilised' for the purpose of combating racist hate speech.


With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.


In the last decade, Ireland's immigrant population grew to more than one in ten. Now in the midst of an economic crisis, the integration of immigrants has become a topical issue. This book offers a detailed account of how immigrants in Ireland are faring. Drawing extensively on demographic data and research on immigrant lives, immigrant participation in Irish politics and the experiences of immigrants living in deprived communities, it offers a thorough study of the immigrant experience in Ireland today. Chapters and case studies examine the effects of immigration on social cohesion, the role of social policy, the nature and extent of segregation in education, racism and discrimination in the labour market, and barriers faced by immigrants seeking Irish citizenship. The book contributes to the field of integration studies through its focus on the capabilities and abilities needed by immigrants to participate successfully in Irish society. It follows two previous books by the author for Manchester University Press: Racism and Social Change in the Republic of Ireland (2002) and Immigration and Social Change in the Republic of Ireland (2007).