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Karin Fischer

147 6 Rights, segregation and discrimination The diversification of school types now facilitated by the Irish State has been ostensibly encouraged by the Catholic Church as well as by other interest groups involved in education, including minority religious groups and, more paradoxically, Educate Together. What are the advantages and drawbacks of this ongoing development from the perspective of inclusion, civic and social equality? A majority of Irish schools belong to and/or are managed by different private groups with specific interests and orientations

in Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland
Separate but equal?

Separate but equal? Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland focuses on the historical and current place of religion in the Irish education system from the perspective of children’s rights and citizenship. It offers a critical analysis of the political, cultural and social forces that have perpetuated the patronage system, looks at the ways in which the denominational model has been adapted to increased religious and cultural diversity in Irish society and shows that recent changes have failed to address persistent discrimination and the absence of respect for freedom of conscience. It relates current debates on the denominational system and the role of the State in education to Irish political thought and conceptions of national identity in Ireland, showing the ways in which such debates reflect a tension between nationalist-communitarian and republican political outlooks. There have been efforts towards accommodation and against instances of discrimination within the system, but Irish educational structures still privilege communal and private interests and hierarchies over equal rights, either in the name of a de facto ‘majority’ right to religious domination or by virtue of a deeply flawed and limited view of ‘parental choice’.

Michael Carter-Sinclair

state. 82 Jews in a Christian-German state? Regardless of constitutional promises of equality before the law, underlying attitudes and unspoken policies discriminated against Jews. British observers in Innsbruck noted that, while there was no official discrimination, the position of Jews grew worse and worse, although poor Jews suffered more than the rich, who could buy themselves out of some situations. 83 Anti-Jewish laws were not needed when informal prejudice was in place, and pretexts were found to support arguments that anti-Jewish measures were being taken

in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
Michael Carter-Sinclair

the Christian Socials were unable to act outside this context, and that aspects of their character were determined by this context. It must be remembered that Vienna was not just an antisemitic context – others in the city opposed antisemitism. The antisemitic context in which the Christian Socials existed was not just of their making, but they contributed greatly to it. Christian Social antisemites spread hatred and discrimination, and not just against Jews. The clergy alone were not responsible for this, but many played significant roles. It was not the case

in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
Michael Carter-Sinclair

constitutions established the principle of equality, Jews had faced legal restrictions on property ownership. They had been banned from taking up residence in certain towns and cities, even being barred from staying overnight in some. Beyond the law, they suffered social discrimination; but, even before short-lived reforms introduced in 1848, Jews had been able to make progress. The usual route was via conversion to Christianity, but some gaps existed between written regulations and actual treatment, with the disregarding of some prohibitions. Without converting to

in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
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Freedom of belief, freedom from belief
John Pritchard
Andrew Brown
, and
Emma Cohen

application of stop-and-search powers and religious profiling may ultimately prove to be counterproductive. Whilst I am conscious of the fact that States are obliged to take effective measures in combating terrorist attacks, I have received allegations of the abuse of counter-terrorism laws and in particular of provisions which make the failure to disclose information about acts of terrorism a criminal offence. The tolerance policy can neither afford to find an easy way out by resorting to the very norms of injustice, intolerance and discrimination employed by the forces of

in Religion and rights
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A case study: Sir Denis Stanislaus Henry (1864–1925)
Éamon Phoenix

unionists were in short supply. Henry’s name was largely forgotten until the late 1960s when, in response to civil rights claims of anti-Catholic discrimination, unionist propagandists trumpeted that the first lord chief justice of Northern Ireland had been a Catholic. Yet attempts to broaden unionism beyond its traditional Protestant base had little success in the divided state after his death and it was not until 1998 that another Catholic unionist was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly.34 Catholic Unionism and Denis Stanislaus Henry 303 Notes  1 A

in Irish Catholic identities
Shailja Sharma

worked to foreclose more complex questions about modes of integration, institutional discrimination, racism and class. The French state rejected multiculturalism but stressed integration and assimilation under the rubric of intégration, which was quite ill-defined as a policy, but conformed to its historical policy of laïcité. Hybridity had another effect: it culturalized minority populations – which is to say, it reduced them to an essential set of cultural values. This can be seen most clearly in the easy trendiness of second-generation hybrid musical cultures (Begag

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
John Tasioulas

highly traditional society that excludes women but not men from access to tertiary education or from holding important public offices. Does it violate a human right against non-discrimination on the grounds of sex? On Dworkin’s theory, the answer is hardly obvious. After all, the leaders of this society might protest that they are acting with due concern for the dignity of all its members, male and female. But their respect for the equal worth and personal responsibility of women is mediated by a sexist ideology that falsely, albeit intelligibly, ascribes to them

in Religion and rights
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Sarah Glynn

. This different perspective allows me to develop a critical overview of this political history and of the impacts of postmodern understandings and to put forward a radically different alternative. This book exposes the fundamental flaws in the culturalist approaches and identity politics that have become shibboleths of ‘progressive’ thought; and it puts forward a call for a return to materialist understandings that can be used to underpin a new attack on fundamental socio-economic inequalities. The point is not to ignore or belittle racism and discrimination, but to

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End