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Distance, deferral, and immunity in the urban governance of refugees
Jonathan Darling

, I argue that one of these effects has been to distance, both physically and discursively, asylum seekers from the countries they seek refuge in, and from the citizens they seek refuge among. In exploring this landscape, I focus on the accommodation of asylum seekers in the UK, to argue that we witness the internalisation of attempts to keep asylum seekers at a contained distance, physically, morally and politically. In doing so, this chapter offers a critical consideration of how logics of bordering, which maintain such distance ‘outside’ the

in Displacement
Locating monstrosity in representations of the Automaton Chess-Player
John Sharples

, and Löhr each consider their subject within the spiral of ‘authentic’ fake, performance, spectacle, and virtuosity, negotiating between the inward, strictly mental nature of the chess-player’s skill and the physical, outward appearance of the automaton. Exhibitions of mechanical magic were time-limited, geographically constrained curiosities. Audiences retained a distance from the spectacle, allowing them to safely ‘experience a curious machine, immerse themselves in its complexities and then leave when satiated’. The experience of viewing the Turk, providing an

in A cultural history of chess-players
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds
Jeremy C.A. Smith

distances and then completing the circuit with a return journey, thrust countless numbers of the faithful through different lands. Infrastructural support, waystations, accommodation and signposts sprang up over time on the most frequently used roads. As well as sacred acts, economic transactions occurred en route. The monotheistic religions regulated the pilgrim’s obligations. The Hajj is the most encompassing and oldest of such movements. Since the late eighth century the Hajj has pulled pilgrims in vast numbers from Central Asia, North Africa, India and later South

in Debating civilisations
Daniel Weinbren

influences resulted not only in the OU’s foundation but also in the specific form of its pedagogy. The third section is about the educational roots of ‘the first distance teaching university that was truly multi-media in nature’.4 It examines the ways in which the OU adapted and transformed established models. The university was built on the premise that television, radio, correspondence and external assessment systems could be combined successfully for educational purposes. A blended system of open, supported learning could be created partly because of existing

in The Open University
Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith

civilisational angle, Oceania is a larger world with reviving social and cultural resources despite the extraordinary disordering produced by colonialism. Where does it start and where does it end? For this question, no answer seems adequate. Geography has no single answer, but it does identify a number of distinguishing features. The Pacific has big horizons. Though there are many islands, there are also long distances. Its vastness puts everything else in perspective. The Pacific’s surface area is larger than the planet’s combined land surface. If space alone is taken as the

in Debating civilisations
Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

fares and identification, and even the use of tachographs to record drivers’ periods of duty and speeds. All of this was intended to lift the veil of obscurity and make visible that which was hitherto ‘unseen.’ Before deregulation, then, the taxi industry was unruly and occluded from the gaze of government, and recommendations to use regulatory instruments to make visible drivers’ practices folded neatly into a broader campaign to transform the industry into one which would be governable, at a distance. Here we are taking government (or ‘governmentality’) to denote

in Integration in Ireland
Palestine– Israel in British universities
Author: Ruth Sheldon

For over four decades, events in Palestine-Israel have provoked raging conflicts between members of British universities, giving rise to controversies around free speech, ‘extremism’, antisemitism and Islamophobia within higher education, which have been widely reported in the media and subject to repeated interventions by politicians. But why is this conflict so significant for student activists living at such a geographical distance from the region itself? And what role do emotive, polarised communications around Palestine-Israel play in the life of British academic institutions committed to the ideal of free expression?

This book invites students, academics and members of the public who feel concerned with this issue to explore the sources of these visceral encounters on campus. Drawing on original ethnographic research with conflicting groups of activists, it explores what is at stake for students who are drawn into struggles around Palestine-Israel within changing university spaces facing pressures associated with neoliberalism and the ‘War on Terror’. It begins from this case study to argue that, in an increasingly globalised world that is shaped by entangled histories of the Nazi Holocaust and colonial violence, members of universities must develop creative and ethical ways of approaching questions of justice.

Tragic Encounters and Ordinary Ethics curates an ethnographic imagination in response to the political tensions arising out of the continuing violence in Palestine-Israel. It invites students and academics to attend to lived experiences within our own university institutions in order to cultivate ethical forms of communication in response to conflicts of justice.

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An ethnography of (im)mobility, space, and cross-border infrastructures in the Balkans

This book is an ethnographic and historical study of the main Albanian-Greek cross-border highway. It is not merely an ethnography on the road but an anthropology of the road. Complex sociopolitical phenomena such as EU border security, nationalist politics, transnational kinship, social–class divisions, or post–cold war capitalism, political transition, and financial crises in Europe—and more precisely in the Balkans—can be seen as phenomena that are paved in and on the cross-border highway. The highway studied is part of an explicit cultural–material nexus that includes elements such as houses, urban architecture, building materials, or vehicles. Yet even the most physically rooted and fixed of these entities are not static, but have fluid and flowing physical materialities. The highway featured in this book helps us to explore anew classical anthropological and sociological categories of analysis in direct reference to the infrastructure. Categories such as the house, domestic life, the city, kinship, money, boundaries, nationalism, statecraft, geographic mobility, and distance, to name but a few, seem very different when seen from or on the road.

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Towards ethical ethnography
Ruth Sheldon

leads me to challenge the legitimisation of theoretically abstract modes of knowing Finding the words 37 by developing a claim for ‘responsive ethnography’.2 By this I mean a practice of reflexive knowledge production, in which the researcher learns about themselves and others, through exploring closeness and distance in their relationships within and beyond the field. As I trace how I underwent this process, I identify a turning point in relation to the workings of my own surname in my fieldwork; I show how this exposed my deep implication with my research

in Tragic encounters and ordinary ethics
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Mary Gilmartin

scales, linking together local and localised sites, such as Irish pubs or GAA clubs, in loose maps of similarity. Just as a contour map links these sites of similarity together, it also shows different local contexts, identified both by the cartographic representation of the terrain over which the contour lines cross and by the distance or proximity between them. In this way, the metaphor of countertopographies also recognises difference. For example, Irish pubs and GAA clubs have a collective and indeed global role, but they also differ, depending on their local

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century