Confronting the legacies of empire, disability and the
paved courtyard below, sustaining considerable injury to his head. Regaining consciousness after a two-week coma, Kitto found that not only had he lost his hearing, but his voice had become painful and hard to use, while his enunciation, which had previously been ‘remarkably clear and distinct’, had become ‘much altered’ and difficult to understand.
His deafness thus manifested in the visible marker of having to use the manual alphabet to spell out what he wanted to say, though he distanced himself from the wider
The Electrical Engineers’ Journal explained that these experiments were subsequently abandoned due to staff shortages, but were revived in 1913 after the thermionic valve was developed in the USA. 33 John Ambrose Fleming (who also had hearing loss) invented the thermionic valve while working for the Marconi Company in 1904. In 1906 Lee de Forest added a third electrode, meaning that those valves could be used for amplifying electrical currents. This greatly improved long-distance telephony, but it was not until 1915 that they were used in European telephones. 34
. This ‘deficiency of the secretion’ of wax, according to Curtis, was the most common cause of deafness, a statement which Toynbee furiously disagreed with, accusing Curtis of gross incompetency, fraud and duping the public on the potential curability of deafness.
To distance themselves from any potential fall-outs from the scandal, the Governors requested Curtis to remove himself as Director, although they honoured his contributions and Curtis was allowed to advertise himself as ‘Surgeon to the Dispensary
Consuming ability in the antebellum artificial limb market
testimonial. The prosthesis was always present, but revealed only when dramatically appropriate. ‘[A]fter walking some distance with Mr Palmer’, wrote Alfred Velpeau's guide to surgery, ‘we did not in the least suspect that he had himself been provided with one of his own artificial limbs, yet such is the fact, his leg having been amputated below the knee. It certainly is one of the greatest triumphs of American ingenuity.’
In granting the limb their top prize, Philadelphia's Franklin Institute similarly gushed that ‘Mr
use of anatomical descriptions.
In contrast to the case of GB30, the standard intends to make differences in the case of some points whose alternative locations are extremely close. For example, the two locations of PC9 are both at the edge of the nail on the middle finger, but the meanings behind these locations in meridian theory are so different that they cannot be reduced to one location. This principle also applied to GV26, where the distance between its two locations
Case studies of George Eliot and Harriet Martineau
Deborah M. Fratz
degree of distance and to have the time to contemplate what has been observed. What Martineau calls ‘abstract reasoning’ lays the foundation for a philosophy of social observation that depends on cultivated sympathy for the subjects of enquiry. Martineau's advice in ‘Letter to the Deaf’ corresponds to the theory and practice of social observation described in How to Observe Morals and Manners . Her reflections on her experience as a deaf woman inspired her theories of social observation.
How to Observe Morals and Manners
Victorian middle-class attitudes towards the healthcare of the working
Amy W. Farnbach Pearson
often loathsome objects’
During the late-Victorian period illness among the lower orders became not just burdensome but loathsome in the eyes of middle-class reformers. If the cure of illness and impairment could restore individuals to respectability, it followed that incurable disorders and chronic disability were to be seen as discrediting to those affected. Indeed, both working-class status and poor health were considered to distance such individuals from the respectable
was truly ‘deserving’ of empathy and medical resources: he was a victim of hereditary disease. Physicians and legislators established provisions to support affluent drinkers towards recovery, rescue them from stigma and restore their middle-class male privileges. But the struggle to demarcate deserving from undeserving problem drinkers was never fully resolved.
Medical experts rhetorically distanced themselves from the ‘partisan moralising’ of the temperance movement, but at the same time they also conceded that mentally
with TB programme staff, clinicians and DOTS providers it became clear that there are certain things that are core to the guidelines and that cannot easily be deviated from. These core recommendations include the drug regimen or direct supervision of patients. An NGO programme manager who works among practitioners and patients explained that collaboration with the public TB programme meant that they had to align their project with the basic principles of DOTS. Distance and the limited opening hours of existing public health facilities often deter patients from taking
Glasgow’s children’s hospital, Scottish convalescent homes ‘in the
country’ and East Park Home for Infirm Children
Montrose when she enquired where a dispensary should be located in order to serve the greatest need, the form it should take, the area of ground required and the estimated cost.
Several possible sites for a dispensary were quickly identified and, on 6 February 1885, land was purchased a short distance from the hospital.
Meanwhile, the duchess had presented the directors with a cheque for £10,000 from