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Debates over cultural conventions in French punk
Jonathyne Briggs

7 Distortions in distance: debates over cultural conventions in French punk Jonathyne Briggs On 6 May 1968, a cadre of French police entered the Sorbonne to restore order, called by administrators in response to the alleged destruction of auditorium chairs, three to be exact, caused by the student occupation that began earlier that weekend in protest against the actions of administrators at the Nanterre campus. The subsequent mêlée between the police and students sparked broader protests, as young workers instigated a series of strikes through France during the

in Fight back
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds
Jeremy C.A. Smith

distances and then completing the circuit with a return journey, thrust countless numbers of the faithful through different lands. Infrastructural support, waystations, accommodation and signposts sprang up over time on the most frequently used roads. As well as sacred acts, economic transactions occurred en route. The monotheistic religions regulated the pilgrim’s obligations. The Hajj is the most encompassing and oldest of such movements. Since the late eighth century the Hajj has pulled pilgrims in vast numbers from Central Asia, North Africa, India and later South

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith

civilisational angle, Oceania is a larger world with reviving social and cultural resources despite the extraordinary disordering produced by colonialism. Where does it start and where does it end? For this question, no answer seems adequate. Geography has no single answer, but it does identify a number of distinguishing features. The Pacific has big horizons. Though there are many islands, there are also long distances. Its vastness puts everything else in perspective. The Pacific’s surface area is larger than the planet’s combined land surface. If space alone is taken as the

in Debating civilisations
Frances McGinnity and Merike Darmody

relations are important for all the individuals in a society, the protective functions provided by social interaction are of particular importance for newly arrived immigrant families and their children. Immigrant families may need to renegotiate their position in the receiving countries several times and many are likely to experience a sense of dislocation. Irish studies have indicated that while all children may find social relations with peers and teachers strained at times, in some cases cultural distance contributes towards the ‘outsider’ status of immigrant

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
David Thackeray

going into khaki during the early stages of the conflict.12 Unionist Party constituency associations also lost many of their supporters to the war effort and met rarely during the conflict.13 By contrast, female Unionism remained a relatively coherent force; women formed the backbone of many patriotic voluntary organisations established to aid the war effort. The First World War played an important role in remoulding the identity of British Unionism and enabling it to develop a wider appeal than it had experienced before 1914. Unionists increasingly came to distance

in Conservatism for the democratic age
Christopher Massey

members. 23 At the first meeting of the NPF in May 1993 Smith publicly launched his campaign for OMOV. 24 The Forum, however, only met a handful of times during his leadership. The revival of the NPF under Blair is detailed in Chapter 6 . OMOV – From Kinnock to Smith Just as the 1987 general election defeat had provided Labour with a catalyst to radically review their policies and policy-making structure, the 1992 defeat also paved the way for further reform. Smith created the Commission on Social Justice to distance Labour from their 1992 defeat. Owing to his

in The modernisation of the Labour Party, 1979–97
Abstract only
‘No front line and an invisible enemy’
Sue-Ann Harding

temporal and spatial distance towards Beslan’s School No. 1 during the siege and its immediate aftermath, the spatial and temporal site of the core narrative, insofar as such a narrative can be identified. Because the narrator has limited access to this site, narration comes from temporary narrators located nearby, from temporary narrators who relate the narratives of surviving hostages and, finally, from surviving hostages themselves

in Beslan
Open Access (free)
Rodney Barker

identity, and a narrowing, though not a vanishing, of the distances between various rungs in the social ladder and of the privileged and penalising differentiations of gender. If distinctions, exclusions, and privileges remained, they nonetheless increasingly, if unsteadily, did so within a common forum, rather than in a society rigidly even if not impermeably divided between the classes and the masses. At every stage, clothing, manners, speech, diet, and religion have been part of those identities. And so also are the accounts, claims, and challenges about these

in Cultivating political and public identity
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Punk, politics and resistance

The Subcultures Network is a cross-disciplinary research network for scholars and students interested in the relationship between subcultures (in all their forms) and wider processes of social, cultural and political change. Bringing together theoretical analyses, empirical studies and methodological discussions, the network is designed to explore the relationships between subcultures and their historical context, and the place of subcultures within patterns of cultural and political change. This book is very much a product of the Network's brief and emerged, in large part, from the inaugural symposium held at London Metropolitan University in September 2011. The book is divided into three parts, each with a broadly defined theme. The first of these relates to punk and identity, particularly with regard to gender, class, age and race. The second part looks at punk's relationship to locality and space. In particular, it deals with two overlapping processes. First, the ways in which punk's transmission allowed for diverse interpretation and utilisation of the cultural form beyond local, regional and national boundaries. Second, the extent to which punk's aesthetic and expression was shaped by, inspired and reflected the environments in which its protagonists lived. The third and final part concentrates on communication and reception. From within the culture, the language of punk is brought under discursive analysis by Melani Schröter, who looks at the critiques of 'normality' contained within the lyrics of German punk bands from the late 1970s through to the present day.

Abstract only
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

sea, or at least from a distance, with the aid of satellites, long-range missiles and other sophisticated technologies, the armed non-state actors fighting in the present century’s armed conflicts do so primarily on the ground and at close range. Another feature of warfare in the twenty-first century – the global battle being waged against perpetrators of terrorism – was not part of earlier warfare. The “global war on terrorism” began with the aim of eliminating the threat posed by transnational terrorists, al Qaeda in particular. As the “war” progressed, political

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare