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Anna Bocking-Welch

was no longer ‘a fashionable thing to emphasise’, Christian Aid needed to be careful about how they engaged with this dimension of their ‘origin story’. 38 When he took over from Lacey as director in 1968, Alan Brash tried to tackle the awkward relationship by distancing Christian Aid from the ongoing fundraising efforts of missionary societies. He proposed a leaflet entitled ‘Missions or Christian Aid or Both?’ which outlined what he perceived as the key differences between Christian Aid and the missions. In a tone befitting his name, Brash wanted to ask donors

in British civic society at the end of empire
Unity in diversity at royal celebrations
Susie Protschky

–14. 61 R. van Ginkel and B. Henkes, ‘On peasants and “primitive peoples”: moments of rapprochement and distance between folklore studies and anthropology in the Netherlands’, Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology , 68.1 (2003): 112–34, at pp. 121, 129. 62 B. S. Cohn, ‘Representing authority in Victorian India’, in E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge

in Photographic subjects
Richard Burton’s interventions on sex between men
Richard Philips

readings. The Sotadic Zone is distanced from England, and is both geographically and sexually disconnected. Burton employs a variety of distancing devices. Most tangibly, he reproduces geographical and imaginative distance between contemporary constructions of Occident and Orient, by pinning his Sotadic Zone roughly on the latter. 38 Within the Sotadic Zone, an area in the eastern Mediterranean from Greece to Egypt forms a centre of gravity, a historical centre, from which desire spreads out, threatening surrounding areas. Like

in Sex, politics and empire
Abstract only
Gordon Pirie

adventure over long distances in the British Empire was part of the individualisation of imperial travel. Less is known about this aspect of imperial flying than about commercial airline flying. And journeys by just a few celebrities dominate what is known about private flying: ordinary pilots making comparatively unremarkable flights struggled to leave their mark. Yet the nature and

in Cultures and caricatures of British imperial aviation
Abstract only
Tamson Pietsch

but not all goods, long-distance networks conditioned the worlds in which people lived, how they experienced those worlds and the ways they understood them. 25 Networks fashioned relative and relational forms of space that did not accord with political borders or with physical topographies. Such perspectives recast the old geographies of empire and point to new alignments of proximity and distance measured by strength

in Empire of scholars
Abstract only
Emily Whewell

voice in legal arrangements of British extraterritorial powers. Although consuls took into consideration British directives from London, Beijing and Shanghai, they often reformulated how to exercise British rights in their districts. Located at the very edge of the Chinese Empire and at a considerable distance from the east coast of China, consular officials often acted without direct oversight. Instead, they usually only engaged with their administrative superiors in order to report their activities and secure legal ratification for practices they felt were more

in Law across imperial borders
Anna Greenwood

preferred to distance themselves from the funders of the ZMA, often making derogatory comments against the health habits and management acumen of the Indian, and, most damningly, the Arab, populations of Zanzibar. Such negative rhetoric was used to justify attitudes towards, and even sanctions against, these particular groups. 59 These colonial discourses were intriguingly out of kilter with customary racial generalisations, which

in Beyond the state
Decolonisationand the Japanese emperor after 1945
Elise K. Tipton

a resurgence because the television medium itself distanced the emperor from viewers and the media’s reference to the new emperor system as the ‘ akarui tennōsei’ (‘bright and cheerful emperor system’) had transformed the imperial family into simply another commodity ‘to be consumed’ in Japan’s affluent post-war society. 7 There were also controversies over the representatives of foreign countries. On the one hand, representation from 164 countries and twenty-eight international organisations, including fifty-five heads of state (notably, US President George

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
The decline of consular rights, 1917–39
Emily Whewell

it was necessary to escort them to Kashgar to hand them over to the consul-general. Gui took the latter option. Whilst claiming that the handover of suspects to British aqsaqals was not sanctioned by treaty, the daotai also suggested that strictly abiding by the treaty was problematic. He stated that Haji’s detention was ‘an exceptional modification of the treaty procedure made because the distances in Sinkiang [Xinjiang] were so great and it was not easy to send the parties under escort’. 24 Although it appeared contradictory, the daotai knew that if

in Law across imperial borders
Negotiations at the end of British rule in the Shan States of Burma (Myanmar)
Susan Conway

African Studies, wrote in 1957: ‘The Committee has often been criticised for the cavalier way in which it appeared to dispose of the future of the hill peoples but in reality, the whole issue had been prejudged under the Attlee–Aung San Agreement.’ 32 Based on the report presented by the FACE committee and the agreements made at Panglong, a Union Constitution was framed. In the opinion of H. N. C. Stevenson, director of the Frontier Areas Administration (FAA), from the safe distance of London, government officials completely underestimated the depth of feeling among

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia