Death in the Age
of Sail: The Passage to Australia (London, 2006), p. 23). Stephen Constantine also
estimates that there were a minimum of 19,962,638 British emigrants between 1815
and 1938 (S. Constantine, ‘Introduction: empiremigration and imperial harmony’,
in S. Constantine (ed.), Emigrants and Empire: British Settlement in the Dominions
between the Wars (Manchester, 1990), p. 1).
2 J. Belich, Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World,
1783 –1939 (Oxford, 2009), p. 58; M. Harper and S. Constantine, Migration and Empire