Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

divides of languages but also to allow deeper ethical engagement: an ethics of exchange ( O’Mathúna and Hunt, 2019 ). Writing about the act of translation, Ricoeur articulated the concept of linguistic hospitality as an ‘act of inhabiting the word of the Other, paralleled by the act of receiving the word of the Other into one’s own home, one’s own dwelling’ ( 2007 : xvi). Humanitarian aid entails overcoming distances

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

, they maintain that linguistic exchange should be conceptualised, not merely as transactional, but through an ethic of exchange that is equipped to acknowledge the inherent asymmetry between those who require and those who provide assistance during a crisis. Relatedly, they argue that language and barriers to understanding can reproduce the epistemic privileges inherent to humanitarian aid, and so they call for translation processes that practise epistemic humility. Sandvik interrogates the private sector

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

implications for how we think about the nature of aid, participation and accountability. In The Gift Marel Mauss explored how reciprocal exchanges of objects between groups build relationships between humans ( Mauss, 1990 ). A significant body of scholarship has explored aid as ‘gift exchanges’. This article moves beyond seeing aid as symbolic violence or a source of asymmetric power differences, suggesting that digital humanitarian goods represent a new form of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

result, he was immediately able to send the kidnappers a consistent message, inform the families, reach out to organisations with experience in similar situations and contact the governor of the province to request his intervention. Both victims were released that same evening. A few days later we got the vehicle back, too. All that without giving anything in exchange. The response to the incident in Yemen was exceptional. In most of my field visits

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada and Róisín Read

humanitarian situations ( Champy, 2018 ). The precursors to these studies included those of Mark Duffield, who in a seminal article denounced the ‘bunkerisation’ of NGOs ( Duffield, 2010 ) and then, alongside Sarah Collinson and others, the ‘paradoxes of presence’ ( Collinson et al ., 2013 ). However, the exchange of field practices remains limited and the academic and policy critique of security practices does not seem to have had the impact it warrants. It is largely to this gap in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

/Overseas Development Institute . DuBois , M. ( 2010 ), ‘ Protection: Fig-Leaves and Other Delusions ’, Humanitarian Exchange , 46 , 2 – 4 . Duffield , M. ( 2012 ), ‘ Challenging Environments: Danger, Resilience and the Aid Industry ’, Security Dialogue , 43 : 5 , 475 – 92 , doi: 10.1177/0967010612457975 . Edwards

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

to an agreement about the ransom payment, which is generally paid by an insurance company. When the negotiator is the State, the hostage-takers know they can get much more than a simple ransom in exchange for releasing the hostage, such as supplies, the release of prisoners, and public statements. In addition, media coverage about a [government] effort shines an even greater light on the employees

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

of late-capitalism has been to author an expanding post-social global precariat. While progressive neoliberalism celebrates the exchange of ‘nanny-state’ security for a contingent freedom to consume ( Boltanski and Chiapello, 2005 ), late-capitalism is fraught with contradictions. Reversing a hitherto world-historical trend, since the ‘long boom’ ended in the 1970s there has been a secular decline in the rate of profit. Every recovery from the periodic business cycle has, from this period, been feebler than the last ( Brenner, 2006 ). Recovery

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

native of the Guinée forestière (Nzérékoré) region, planned a field visit together with the President of the National Assembly, who was from the nearby town of Kissidougou. In preparation for the visit, senior health officials arrived to mobilise local authority figures (such as elders, youths and political leaders) to negotiate an agreement that would allow access to the resistant populations in exchange for the provision of financial resources

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Elyse Semerdjian

This article discusses how Armenians have collected, displayed and exchanged the bones of their murdered ancestors in formal and informal ceremonies of remembrance in Dayr al-Zur, Syria – the final destination for hundreds of thousands of Armenians during the deportations of 1915. These pilgrimages – replete with overlapping secular and nationalist motifs – are a modern variant of historical pilgrimage practices; yet these bones are more than relics. Bone rituals, displays and vernacular memorials are enacted in spaces of memory that lie outside of official state memorials, making unmarked sites of atrocity more legible. Vernacular memorial practices are of particular interest as we consider new archives for the history of the Armenian Genocide. The rehabilitation of this historical site into public consciousness is particularly urgent, since the Armenian Genocide Memorial Museum and Martyr’s Church at the centre of the pilgrimage site were both destroyed by ISIS (Islamic State in Syria) in 2014.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal