Search results

Elyse Semerdjian

This article discusses how Armenians have collected, displayed and exchanged the bones of their murdered ancestors in formal and informal ceremonies of remembrance in Dayr al-Zur, Syria – the final destination for hundreds of thousands of Armenians during the deportations of 1915. These pilgrimages – replete with overlapping secular and nationalist motifs – are a modern variant of historical pilgrimage practices; yet these bones are more than relics. Bone rituals, displays and vernacular memorials are enacted in spaces of memory that lie outside of official state memorials, making unmarked sites of atrocity more legible. Vernacular memorial practices are of particular interest as we consider new archives for the history of the Armenian Genocide. The rehabilitation of this historical site into public consciousness is particularly urgent, since the Armenian Genocide Memorial Museum and Martyr’s Church at the centre of the pilgrimage site were both destroyed by ISIS (Islamic State in Syria) in 2014.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Marx and modern social theory
Alex Dennis

, Marx (1990[1867]) demonstrates how the difference between things ‘in themselves’ (things capable of being used, use-values) and those same things as bearers of value (things capable of being exchanged, exchange-values) is central to this commodification. Commodities are not static ‘things’, however. As use-values they embody ‘concrete labour’, the particular skills required to produce the object at hand. A suit embodies the concrete labour of a tailor, and a laptop computer embodies the concrete labour of designers, component manufacturers, assembly teams

in Human agents and social structures
Instituting the Capital–Labour Exchange in the United Kingdom
Mark Harvey

4 Making People Work for Wages: Instituting the Capital–Labour Exchange in the United Kingdom The emergence of large-scale industrial production and waged labour changed the face of the world from the late eighteenth century onwards: the industrial revolution. Making workers sell their labour to capitalists owning factories was at the centre of this great transformation, although, as we propose in the next chapter, only in conjunction with modern and capitalist slavery in the New World. In MEAB, it was argued that the conception of an abstracted and closed

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism
From Manchester United as a ‘global leisure brand’ to FC United as a ‘community club’
George Poulton

the ‘community’ of Manchester which is borne out of, and intrinsically related to, the issues I have discussed earlier in this chapter as heightening the importance of issues of locality and ‘Mancunianness’ amongst local fans. Such a moral claim about Manchester United’s reciprocal duties to the ‘community’ in which it is based can be usefully analysed in relation to anthropological debates about gifts and commodities. Anthropological interest in gift exchange is often traced to the work of Malinowski (1978 [1922]), with his famous description of Kula exchange in

in Realising the city
Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith

migration. Through voyaging and migration, islander societies expanded, creating and sustaining zones of engagement for millennia before Europeans came. Travel stimulated an imaginary of exchange, the second theme. Exchange cannot be understood with a utilitarian mindset; it is rather an expression of relationship, association and alliance –​engagement broadly speaking. The third theme is the new world context. European colonialism conjoined the Pacific to other civilisations in more extensive engagement. This was a violent and disordering historical experience for the

in Debating civilisations
Some ethical considerations
Ali Rattansi

particularly scholarly or rigorous reflections based on email exchanges, such as Living on Borrowed Time (written with Rovirosa-Madrazo, 2010), Moral Blindness (with Donskis, 2013), Liquid Surveillance (with Lyon, 2013), State of Crisis (with Bordoni, 2014), Management in a Liquid Modern World (with I. Bauman, Kociatkiewicz and Kostera, 2015), Of RATTANSI 9781526105875 PRINT.indd 211 24/05/2017 13:19 212 The perils of liquid life God and Man (with Obirek, 2015a), On the World and Ourselves (with Obirek, 2015b), Liquid Evil (with Donskis, 2016), In Praise of Literature

in Bauman and contemporary sociology
The impact of Paris Université Club’s US tours and the individual in sports diplomacy
Lindsay Sarah Krasnoff

ways that policy speeches or press accounts cannot convey. Interactions with private individuals can be potent tools, a window into a society, an up-close personal exchange of ideas that can cut through officially disseminated information. The PUC tours were thus sterling examples of the merits of sports exchanges as elements of diplomacy, even though they were not government-sponsored or even public–private partnerships. Rather, Feinberg’s organisation proved the power of the individual, what Giles Scott-Smith calls the ‘new diplomacy’, in which private citizens can

in Sport and diplomacy
Derek Robbins

Husserl’s instigation, in Paris in 1935. They began a correspondence in 1939 which continued until Schutz’s death. The text of this correspondence will be used to contextualize the publications of both men in the period from 1940 to 1960, but its formal significance needs to be highlighted. The first point to emphasize is that the correspondence was conducted in German throughout the period. The second point is that the exchange contains very little information about the attitudes and feelings of the correspondents in relation to American society and politics. They both

in The Bourdieu paradigm
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds
Jeremy C.A. Smith

and a survey of critical paradigmatic alternatives. Some comments on the interaction and paradigmatic alternatives preface a fuller introduction of my principal concept. To begin with, I  emphasise the ties instituted by existing and coalescing imaginaries between different societies. Imagined connections and obstructions produce a remarkable diversity of linkages instantiated by exchange, adaptation and reform. Civilisations are made meaningful and therefore ‘real’ by the commerce of ideas, goods, aesthetics, political and legal models, sciences and techniques and

in Debating civilisations
Making race, class and inequalityin the neoliberal academy
Author: Christy Kulz

Over half of England's secondary schools are now academies. The social and cultural outcomes prompted by this neoliberal educational model has received less scrutiny. This book draws on original research based at Dreamfields Academy, to show how the accelerated marketization and centralization of education is reproducing raced, classed and gendered inequalities. Urbanderry is a socially and economically mixed borough where poverty and gentrification coexist. The book sketches out the key features of Dreamfields' ethos before reflecting on the historical trajectories that underpin how education, urban space and formations of race, class and gender are discussed in the present. Academies have faced opposition for their lack of democratic accountability as they can set their own labour conditions, deviate from the national curriculum and operate outside local authority control. The book examines the complex stories underlying Dreamfields' glossy veneer of success and shows how students, teachers and parents navigate the everyday demands of Dreamfields' results-driven conveyor belt. It also examines how hierarchies are being reformulated. The book interrogates the social and cultural dimensions of this gift that seeks to graft more 'suitable' forms of capital onto its students. The focus is on the conditions underlying this gift's exchange with children, parents and teachers, remaining conscious of how value is generated from the power, perspective and relationships that create the initial conditions of possibility for exchange. Dreamfields acts as a symbolic and material response to the supposed failures of comprehensive education and public anxieties over the loss of nationhood and prestige of empire.