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Social networks and the spread of medical information

possessed them, and could be gifted or exchanged as transactions of knowledge.3 Moreover, by looking at issues such as the attributions of remedies, they have shown how it is possible to gain access to the social networks through which people acquired medical remedies, and what implications this might have for social relations.4 Regardless of social status, the most important of all medico-social networks was the immediate circle of family and friends. Indeed, the family was a readymade medical network. Especially in lower class households, family medicine made sense; it

in Physick and the family

Blythe’s messmates reported that he had often exchanged his food for tobacco, a habit which, the surgeon concluded, ‘no doubt, also had an injurious effect upon his health’. 30 While rejection of food or indifference clearly indicated an ailing companion, an apparently healthy appetite could also conceal underlying sickness. The surgeon of the Henry Porcher had kept an eye on Robert Wood since embarkation. He had become ‘pale and thin’, but his messmates said that he had a ‘good appetite’. 31 Sarah Tainton’s ‘female

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Dietary advice and agency in North America and Britain

This chapter traces the history of healthy eating in the second half of the twentieth century in terms of the advice offered by the authors of self-help books in the USA and UK. It examines the transatlantic nature of programmes for balance, comparing advice about obesity and dieting, exploring the cultural authority of celebrity dietitians and assessing the degree of knowledge exchange between the two countries. In doing so, it investigates the ways in which readers learned about ‘healthy eating’ on a day-to-day level, generating a detailed historical analysis of the ‘healthy diet’ ideal and the ways in which the self-help genre contributed to the ‘health manufacturing’ process. Mobilising persuasive motivational language along with scientific jargon, self-help authors were able to simultaneously promote their own status and appeal to readers’ sense of agency. Analysis of self-help also reveals, however, the controversies associated with self-help and the promotion of healthy balanced diets.

in Balancing the self
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Noses on sale

, areas and frameworks for analysis, and means of understanding the world through and in relation to commerce and different economic models. 4 In the Maussian model, gifts are distinguished from commodities by their personal value: they are never entirely alienated from the identity of either the giver or the receiver, and create or strengthen a relationship between them. In contrast, a commodity is an entirely alienable property with no personal resonance, and the people involved in a commodity relationship are not linked beyond the duration of the exchange itself

in Rhinoplasty and the nose in early modern British medicine and culture
The historian’s dilemmas in a time of health-care reform

. 13 Three years later, the ACA came before the Supreme Court again, in King v. Burwell. In this case, opponents of the ACA argued that premium subsidies should not be allowed for individuals purchasing health insurance in the new federal exchanges. This was a potentially devastating challenge to the ACA, because, without subsidies, most

in Communicating the history of medicine
Doctors’ organisations and activist medics

shaping the context in which general practice developed. The ODA and a number of other associations formed by South Asian doctors also functioned as networks that gave those involved in them access to professional knowledge and social support. Establishing new educational and social structures In addition to medico-​political groupings such as the ODA, there were a number of other associations which aimed to bring together graduates of particular sub-​continental medical colleges. At least two publications (one run by the ODA) facilitated the exchange of information

in Migrant architects of the NHS
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a horror of unlimited content, flow and exchange –​or really the horror of contagion, miscegenation and unbanded life. Hygiene requires protective barriers.’1 The modern history of leprosy cannot be understood without exploring this production of Others, which permeated colonial medicine in eighteenth-​century Dutch Suriname and the Caribbean. Leprosy, as framed by Schilling and his contemporaries, was a disease of the Other, which had orginated in Africa through sloth, dirt, and lasciviousness, and had been transported in the bodies of the slaves to the New World

in Leprosy and colonialism
frequent childbirth and female health in early modern Italy

would prove to be ‘good at making boy and girl babies’.15 Both genders, she reminded the young mother, were essential to the aristocratic family’s strategy.16 Since Eleonora was also on hand for some of Ippolita’s births, the epistolary exchange between them on this subject is thinner, although childbirth itself put the woman’s life in great peril. Eleonora was pleased with the midwife employed by Ippolita for her deliveries, and had sent the same midwife to her own daughter during her confinement.17 Confidence in the midwife perhaps mitigated some of Eleonora

in Conserving health in early modern culture
The case of Wang Shixiong (1808–68)

, the original edition published in 1839 and a revised version published in 1863.11 The first section of this chapter discusses the essays on body structure that Wang and his friends wrote for the Jottings. Not only were they were keenly interested in matters of body structure, but the interpersonal relationships among doctors, scholars, and officials fostered exchanges of such information. The second section focuses on the way in which Wang and his friends critically evaluated descriptions of the body contained in a range of Chinese and western sources. Inspired by

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
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of leprosy. According to the historiography of colonial medicine, racism was on the increase after 1800. Mark Harrison has connected this increase to the history of slavery. To defend themselves against attacks on the slave trade, European colonizers emphasized their supposed fundamental biological difference with the Africans.15 The idea of a fundamental difference between races developed within a colonial context. Historian Alfred Crosby showed in his seminal work on The Columbian Exchange that from the very first, the discoverers of the New World wondered about

in Leprosy and colonialism